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Little Round Top

(1863)

Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg Pennsylvaniathe companion to the adjacent taller hill named Big Round Top. It was the site of an unsuccessful assault by Confederate troops against the Union left flank on July 2 1863 the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

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1200px-Little_Round_Top_view_Edwin_Forbes.jpg
1200px-Little_Round_Top_view_Edwin_Forbes.jpg
594px-01Gettysburg-National-Military-Park-Quarter-Design-300x300.jpg
594px-01Gettysburg-National-Military-Park-Quarter-Design-300x300.jpg
Battle of Gettysburg.jpg
Battle of Gettysburg.jpg
Union & Confederate soldiers at Gettysburg.gif
Union & Confederate soldiers at Gettysburg.gif
Battle of Gettysburg.gif
Battle of Gettysburg.gif
Weed’s Brigade..jpg
Weed’s Brigade..jpg
General Weed and Lieutenant Hazlett Monument.jpg
General Weed and Lieutenant Hazlett Monument.jpg
Monument of Gen. Warren looking over the battlefield from Little Round Top.jpg
Monument of Gen. Warren looking over the battlefield from Little Round Top.jpg
Monument to McLaws' Division at Gettysburg.png
Monument to McLaws' Division at Gettysburg.png
Strong Vincent's Sword.jpg
Strong Vincent's Sword.jpg
Position marker for McLaw's and Pickett's Divisions at Black Horse Tavern.png
Position marker for McLaw's and Pickett's Divisions at Black Horse Tavern.png
Marker for Law's Brigade.png
Marker for Law's Brigade.png
Monument to Law's Brigade.png
Monument to Law's Brigade.png
Bas-relief of Colonel Patrick Henry O'Rorke.jpg
Bas-relief of Colonel Patrick Henry O'Rorke.jpg
The 140th New York monument.jpg
The 140th New York monument.jpg
State of Alabama Monument.jpg
State of Alabama Monument.jpg
The monument stands where General Evander Law's brigade of Alabamans began their assault toward Little Round Top on July 2nd after a grueling 18 mile approach march. Alabama sent almost 6,000 men to Gettysburg with the Army of Northern Virginia. Of these, 2,249 became casualties.
Rear of Monument to the 16th Michigan on Little Round Top at Gettysburg.jpg
Rear of Monument to the 16th Michigan on Little Round Top at Gettysburg.jpg
Monument to the 16th Michigan on Little Round Top at Gettysburg.jpg
Monument to the 16th Michigan on Little Round Top at Gettysburg.jpg
View of Little Round Top from the parking area at the Devils Den.jpg
View of Little Round Top from the parking area at the Devils Den.jpg
View of the Devils Den from Little Round Top.jpg
View of the Devils Den from Little Round Top.jpg
Gettysburg 1st PA Cavalry.jpg
Gettysburg 1st PA Cavalry.jpg
US_Colored_Troops_medal_-_1865_-_Smithsonian_Museum_of_American_History_-_2012-05-15.jpg
US_Colored_Troops_medal_-_1865_-_Smithsonian_Museum_of_American_History_-_2012-05-15.jpg
Civil War Campaign.jpg
Civil War Campaign.jpg
LRTsummit-sign-730_5979.jpg
LRTsummit-sign-730_5979.jpg
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... 5514 - Gettysburg, Pa. View of Little Round Top
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- Gettysburg, Pa. Four dead soldiers in the woods near Little Round Top
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Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. View of Little Round Top
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Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Big Round Top from entrenchments on Little Round
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4291 - Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Little Round Top ›
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Gettysburg, Pa. Breastworks on Little Round Top; Round Top in distance

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Stories

140th New York Monument

From the front of the monument:

 

Fraternity

 

Col. Pat'k H. O'Rorke
Killed July 2, 1863

 

From the left (north) side:

Valor

 

140th 
N.Y. Infty. 
3rd Brigade
2nd Division
5th Corps 
July 2 & 3, 1863

 

From the right (south) side:

Duty

 

Number engaged 
526
----
Casualties
26 killed
89 wounded
18 missing

 

From the rear:

Patriotism

 

July 2nd and 3rd
1863

Law's Brigade

 

The brigade was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Brigadier General Evander Law, a South Carolina history professor who moved to Alabama in 1860 to start a military school.

 

Law's Brigade arrived on the battlefield on July 2nd after a long, hot march and were assigned the right flank of Longstreet's attack. When General Hood was wounded early in the assault Law took over the division as senior brigade commander, but the transition went poorly. It took time for Law to find out Hood was wounded, he did not notify his senior colonel to take over his brigade, and neither brigade nor division received firm direction.

 

The result was that the Confederate assault lacked coordination and there was no support to consolidate and exploit the initially succesful assults that overran Devil's Den and almost took Little Round Top. Law's Brigade had seized an advanced position but failed to deliver the knockout blow that Lee hoped for.

 

Lee had wished to include Hood's Division in the great attack on July 3rd but it was decided that it had been too badly battered on the 2nd. Law's Brigade, now under Colonel James L. Sheffield of the 48th Alabama Infantry, easily defended its position against encroaching Union skirmishers and a spectacular but hopeless cavalry charge led by Union Brigadier General Elon Farnsworth.

The 16th Michigan at the Battle of Gettysburg

From the front of the monument:

 

Sixteenth Mich. Inf'ty
3rd Brig. 1st. Div. 
5th Corps

 

From the back:

 

Mustered in at Detroit, Mich. Sept. 8, 1861.
Mustered out at Jeffersonville, Ind. July 8, 1865.

Total enrollment 2318 offices & men
Killed in action 10 officers, 155 men
Died of wounds 2 officers, 48 men.
Died of disease 128 men. Total 348.

Participated in 52 skirmishes and general engagements from Yorktown, Va. May 4, 1862 to Appomattox, Va., April 9, 1865 and was one of the regiments detailed to receive Lee's Army with its arms and flags on April 9, 1865.

 

Regiment held this position during the afternoon and night of July 2, 1863, and assisted in defeating the desperate attempts of the enemy to capture Little Round Top.

 

Present for duty 17 officers, 339 men total 356. Casualties: 3 officers 20 men killed, 2 officers 32 men wounded, 3 men missing. Total 60.

This painting by Rothermel hangs in the Pennsylvania State house. It depicts the Confederate charge @ Pardee Field.

View of the Devils Den from Little Round Top

Marker showing the position of the regiment on Little Round Top on July 1

Brigadier General Strong Vincent

General Vincent was motally wounded commanding the brigade that defended the southern slopes and summit of Little Round Top on July 2nd.

Strong Vincent was born on June 17, 1837 in Waterford, Pennsylvania. He attended Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut and graduated from Harvard College in 1859. He was practicing law in Erie when the war broke out. He immediately volunteered, becoming a Lieutenant in a three months militia regiment.

He reenlisted after their term expired and in September of 1861 became Lieutenant Colonel of the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry. After a severe case of malaria he returned to the regiment as Colonel in time for Fredericksburg. He was given command of the brigade at the beginning of the Gettysburg campaign.

On the march to Gettysburg he had written his pregnant wife, "If I fall, remember you have given your husband to the most righteous cause that ever widowed a woman."

On July 2nd Vincent's brigade was intercepted by a staff officer desperately seeking forces to cover the strategic position of Little Round Top. On his own responsibility Vincent took his brigade, which included the famous20th Maine, to hold the vital hill. When the 16th Michiganbegan to fall back under heavy pressure Vincent mounted a boulder and shouted, "Don't give an inch!" as he brandished a riding crop that had been a gift from his wife. The line held but Vincent was badly wounded.

He was moved to a nearby farm and lived for another five days. General Meade recommended him for promotion to Brigadier General dated to July 3rd, but he probably never knew. Vincent's wife gave birth to a daughter, who died within the year and is buried next to her father.

Brigadier General Stephen Weed and Captain Charles Hazlett

The monument to Brigadier General Stephen Weed and
Captain Charles Hazlett is south of Gettysburg on the summit of Little Round Top. (39.792121 N , 77.236583 W; map)

 

This was originally the monument to the 91st Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers, erected by survivors of the regiment. When state funds became available in 1889 to build a larger monument this memoirial was relocated to a nearby boulder already inscribed to Lt. Hazlett and was altered to honor both Hazlett and Weed.

 

General Weed was the 91st Pennsylvania's brigade commander and Hazlett commanded the artillery battery who supported them during their defence of Little Round Top. Both officers had gone through heroic efforts to get their men on the hill (Battery D had hand-carried their artillery pieces up the rocky hillside) and both died in its defence.

 

The story developed that General Weed was mortally wounded by a sharpshooter and Captain Hazlett was leaning over him receiving his dying words when Hazlett, too, was struck and killed. While there is some doubt to the accuracy of the story, the monument has helped link the deaths of the two men ever since.

 

5th United States Artillery, Battery D "Hazlett's Battery"

 

The battery was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Charles E. Hazlett, an1861 graduate of West Point from Newark, Ohio. Hazlett was killed on July 2nd during the fighting for Little Round Top, and Lieutenant Benjamin F. Rittenhouse took over the battery.

 

From the monument:

 

Army of the Potomac
Fifth Corps Artillery Brigade
Battery D Fifth U.S. Artillery
Six Rifled 10 Pounders
Lieut. Charles E. Hazlett commanding

 

July 2 Marched to the left of the Union line about 4.30 p.m. and in rear of Brig. General J. Barnes's First Division Fifth Corps. Immediately upon taking position here at 5:45 opened fire upon the Confederates who were engaging the Division. The battery kept up a continuous fire until after dark.Lieut. Hazlett was mortally wounded and the command devolved upon Lieut. Benjamin F. Rittenhouse.

 

July 3 Remained in position and in the afternoon did effective service on the lines of infantry engaged in Longstreet's Assault.

 

Casualties: Killed 1 officer and 8 men, wounded 5 men

Event Details

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Date:
From: 02 Jul 1863 1
To: 03 Jul 1863 1

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