Summary

Conflict Period:
Revolutionary War 1
Birth:
1758 1
Warren County, North Carolina 1
Death:
aft 24 Jun 1833 1
Allensville, Person County, North Carolina 1
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
John Clayton 1
Birth:
1758 1
Warren County, North Carolina 1
Death:
aft 24 Jun 1833 1
Allensville, Person County, North Carolina 1

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John Clayton Testamony for Coleman Clayton, 1832

Person County, North Carolina

State of North Carolina, Person County

 

On this 19th day of September in the year 1832 personally appeared in open court before the Justices of the County Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions for said county John Clayton of said County aged 74 years (B: 1758) who being duly sworn maketh oath that in the year 1781 this affiant was drafted in Caswell County N. C. to serve three months in the militia that he was placed under the command of Capt. Hardin & Lieutenant Barnett and marched to Ramsay’s Mill on Deep River in North Carolina to guard the public stock of provisions at that plan against the Tories; that he remained at Ramsay’s Mill until his term of service expired and then returned home; that this affiant is well acquainted with Coleman Clayton of Person County and that he will knows that said Coleman was attached to the aforesaid company and performed the like service as this affiant.

 

His mark, John Clayton

 

Sworn to subscribe this day & year aforesaid

Dickens Clerk

 

John Clayton’s 1832 Pension S9183 Statement - Transcript

Person County, North Carolina

Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements

Pension Application of John Clayton S9183

Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris

 

State of North Carolina }

Person County } On this 17 day of Dec’r, personally appeared in open Court before the Justices of the County Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions for Person County, now siting John Clayton a resident of the County aforesaid aged about seventy four years who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath, make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That in the year 1780 he was drafted for three months in the militia of North Carolina; that at the time of his being drafted he was a resident of Caswell County in the State of North Carolina; that he was placed under the command of Captain [David] McFarland and Lieutenant Parks and marched from Caswell Court House by Hillsborough to Salisbury and thence to Camden in South Carolina where he joined the American troops under General [Horatio] Gates; that not long after his arrival at Camden the Battle of Camden [16 Aug 1780] was fought between the American & British forces which resulted in the defeat of the American Army under Genl Gates; that the regiment to which he belonged was commanded by Col. William Moon and the brigade by General [John] Butler; that after the battle of Camden, the regiment to which he was attached retreated to Hillsborough where he obtained a furlough until orders should be received for further service; That he came home and remained about three weeks when he was again called out and the company to which he belonged convened at Col. Moon’s in Caswell County and marched from thence under Capt. [George] Oldham and crossed the Yadkin river at the Shallow ford near which place he joined other troops under Genl. Butler and remained there three or four weeks, when this declarant was sent together with several others who were drafted at the same time with him under Ensign Thomas Miles to the Catawba river and then joined General [William Lee] Davidson’s Command; at the last named place he remained until his term of service expired and was discharged. In the year 1780 this declarant was again drafted in Caswell county for three months service; was placed under the command of Capt. Frederick Dubois and marched from Caswell Court House to Hillsborough where he was stationed as a guard and remained there until he was regularly discharged. In the year 1781 this declarant was again drafted in Caswell County and put under the command of Capt. Hardin & Lieutenant Thomas Barnett; he was marched from Caswell Court House to Ramsay’s Mill [sic: Ramsey’s Mill] on Deep River where Genl Butler commanded; he remained there three months to guard the public stores of provision there collected at the expiration of which time he was discharged. Again in the year 1781 this declarant volunteered for a term of three months to collect provisions for the use of the American Army; that he served in that capacity for three months & performed all the duties required of him as a collector of [one or two illegible words] for the public use. That he was born in Warren County North Carolina in the year 1758; that he has no record of his age, the bible containing the record of his age having been burnt a short time since; That when first called into service, he resided in Caswell County North Carolina and continued to reside in said County until its division into Caswell & Person Counties [in 1792] since which time he has resided in Person County; that he received discharges but has not preserved them, believing that they would never be of any service to him. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

John hisXmark Clayton

Making Census of John Clayton Family

Person County, North Carolina

Census Analysis of Family Structure, with Timeline Events, Including Sources

 The Claytons (3 of 4 brothers, sons of Daniel Clayton and Ann Clark) settled near Roxboro the present day county seat (Person County, North Carolina). With Roxboro as center, a circle with a radius of four miles encompassed most of the early Clayton homesteads. After coming to Caswell County John (Senior), Thomas and Richard claimed land on the headwaters of Mayo Creek.

 John Clayton Junior

Timeline Event (Age)

Born: 1758 in Warren County, North Carolina (Age: 0)

Birth Year/Place Source: Pension File # S9183, 17 Dec 1832, Declaration at Person County Court House, North Carolina

Source: (Microfilm Image at Fold3.Com and Ancestry.Com)

1760; (Age: 2) Birth of brother, Coleman Clayton in Warren County, North Carolina.

1779, 26 Oct; (Age: 21) (son and father sign petition)

John Clayton Jr. and John Clayton, Names on a petition, 26 Oct 1779, to the “house of Burgises” from inhabitants of Caswell Co. asking that an equal division be made of the county since it is forty miles in length and twenty wide.

Source: U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820, (Ancestry.Com)

Source Citation: Document: Series: General Assembly; Box: Oct - Nov 1779 [North Carolina State Archives]; Call Number: Folder: Petitions; Page Number: 2; Family Number: 75.

1780 (Age: 22)

Drafted into service, put under the command of Captain [David] McFarland and Lieutenant Parks and fought in the Battle of Camden, 16 Aug 1780.

1784 (Age: 26)

Residing in Nash District, Caswell County, North Carolina, Listed on Tax List

Surname, Name # of Acres, Location, # of white polls, # of black polls, (Genealogy Research Note)

Clayton John Sen. 700 Mayo 1-0                                (born about 1735, Virginia, son of Daniel Clayton & Ann Clark)

Clayton, John Jun. 0-1-0                                                (born 1758, Warren Co., NC)

Clayton, Thomas 565 Mayo 2-2                  (b: abt 1774, VA., brother of John Sen., M: Sarah Coleman)

1784 Tax List, Book C.R.020.701.1, State Archives, Compiled by Henry E. Kendall

Source: Page 144 of Caswell County, North Carolina Will Books 1777 – 1814, 1784 Tax List, and Guardians' Accounts, 1794-1819; abstracts by Katharine Kerr Kendall and index by Mary Frances Kerr Donaldson.

 

 1786, 18 Feb; (Age: 28)

 (Birth date source: Tombstone Inscription, Hamlin – Hudgins Cemetery, Pickens County, Alabama)

 John R. Clayton born to John Clayton Jr. and 1st wife, name unknown (Pickens Co., Heritage Book)

 “In 1837, these 14 formed Liberty Primitive Baptist Church. According to church records, John Carver died 3/22/1848. Elderly descendants in 1960 believe that he and his wife Nancy were buried in the “old” cemetery to the west of the church. At the time, John’s sons lived in the Raleigh/Liberty Church vicinity. In the 1850 census of Pickens County, Nancy Clayton Carver lived in the same vicinity but next door to her brother John Clayton and near to her sons William W. and Green Carver.”

  1787, (Age: 29)

 Nancy Clayton born to John Clayton Jr. and 1st wife, name unknown

 “John Carver b. about 1781, Caswell., NC Son of William and Nancy Carver of Person Co., NC. John married 2/17/1808 in Person Co., NC to Nancy Clayton, daughter of John Clayton of Person Co., NC. John and his family moved to Pickens Co., AL about 1833 when he bought land in the Raleigh community area of south Pickens Co., AL.” Source:

 Pg. 127 – 8 of 385 “Pickens County Heritage Book”, Volume 54 of Heritage of Alabama Series, Publish by Heritage Publishing Consultant, Clanton, Alabama, AL Gen R 976.1 Her 1999;  ISBN - 10: 189164730X or ISBN – 13: 978-1891647307

1790, 3 May; (Age: 32, Junior witness sale of Seniors 300 acres on Mayho Creek)

John Clayton (Senior) of CC (Caswell County) to Daniel Clayton of same, for 50 lbs, 300 A on Mayho Cr., Adj A. Allen. Wit: John Clayton Jr., Richd Clayton.

Source: Person County, North Carolina Deed Books 1792 – 1825 (Ancestry.Com)

Person County, North Carolina, Record of Deeds, Book A, Page 26 – 7 

1790 Census, Heads of Families at the First Census of United States

Caswell County, Nash District

Coleman, Richard; Clayton, Thomas; Clayton, John, Jun

Caswell County, St. James District

Clayton, Daniel; Clayton, Daniel Jun; Clayton, Colaman

1790; 

Taxpayers of Caswell County

“NASH DISTRICT.”

Coleman, Richard,

Clayton, Thomas,

Clayton, John, Jun.,

Source: Carolina Digital Library & Archives, Wilson Library, CB#3990, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC 27599, http://cdla.unc.edu/

 1792, 1 Feb: (Age: 34) Effective date: The eastern four districts of Caswell County (including Nash) became Person County, N.C.

 1792, 11 Dec; (Age: 34)

 (Marriage to Second Wife, 1st wife is unknown)

 Marriage Bond Date, Person County, North Carolina

 Name: John Clayton Gender: Male Spouse: Nancy Merrit Spouse Gender: Female Bond Date: 11 Dec 1792 Bond #: 000107130 Level Info: North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 ImageNum: 005440 County: Person Record #: 01 035 Bondsman: Coleman Clayton, Witness: Rob't Paine Clerk of Court

 Original data: State of North Carolina. An Index to Marriage Bonds Filed in the North Carolina State Archives. Raleigh, NC, USA: North Carolina Division of Archives and History

 Another Source: Person County, North Carolina Marriage Records, 1792 – 1868, Page 19, by Katherine Kerr Kendall

 1794

 1800 Census (Age: 42)

 Name: John Claton

 Home in 1800 (City, County, State): Hillsborough, Person, North Carolina

 Family Structure: Gender            Age   #    Born Between Yrs      (Assumed Individual)

 Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 1       1791 – 1800     (William T Clayton B: 1795)

 Free White Persons - Males -10 thru 15: 1       1785 – 1790       (John R Clayton B: 1786)

 Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44: 1      1756 – 1774       (John Clayton B: 1758, Age: 42)

 Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 3    1791 – 1800       (3 unknown daughters? )

 Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 1   1785 – 1790       (Nancy Clayton (B: 1787)

 Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1   1756 – 1774       (2nd wife, Nancy Merritt)

 Number of Household Members Under 16: 6

 Number of Household Members Over 25: 2

 Number of Household Members: 8

 Source Citation:

 Year: 1800; Census Place: Hillsborough, Person, North Carolina; Roll: 32; Page: 198; Image: 207; Family History Library Film: 337908. (micro film image, Ancestry.Com)

  

1801, 29 May; (Age: 43)

 John Clayton to Henry Day Jun., for 50 lbs., 150 A. on Rocky br. of Mayo adj. Henry Day Sen., Wit: John Day Jun. Source: Page 277, Deed Book C, Person County, North Carolina Deed Books 1792-1825

 1808, 17 Feb;

 (Marriage of Nancy Clatyton, oldest daughter of John Carver Jr. B: 1758 and his 1st wife, name unknown)

 North Carolina, Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 Groom: John Carver Bride: Nancy Clayton Bond Date: 17 Feb 1808 Bond #: 000106971 Level Info: North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 ImageNum: 001546 County: Person Record #: 01 026 Bondsman: John Seamore, Witness: Dan'l C Townes

 1815, 15 Jan;

 Marriage of John N. Clayton (now age 28 and referred to as John Clayton Jr.) to Frances Duncan in Person Co., N.C.

 North Carolina, Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868;

 Name: John Clayton Jr., Gender: Male, Spouse: Frances Duncan, Spouse Gender: Female, Bond Date: 15 Jan 1815, Bond #: 000107129, Level Info: North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868, ImageNum: 002263, County: Person, Record # 01 035, Bondsman: John Clayton, Sr. (formerly John Clayton Junr. B: 1758) Witness: Ira Lea

 Source:

 Original data: State of North Carolina. An Index to Marriage Bonds Filed in the North Carolina State Archives. Raleigh, NC, USA: North Carolina Division of Archives and History.

  

1820 Census (Age: 62)

 Name: John Clayton Senior

 (formerly referred as Junior, is now Senior since passing of father in early 1800s)

 Home in 1820 (City, County, State): Person, North Carolina

 Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820

 Family Structure: Gender            Age        #             Born Between Years      (Assumed Individual)

 Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 2             1811 – 1820                         (John C Clayton B: 1802)

 Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 15: 1            1805 – 1810                         (Daniel Clayton B: 1808)

 Free White Persons - Males - 45 and over: 1        before 1775                        (John Clayton B: 1758, Age: 62)

 Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 1       1805 – 1810         (Three unknown daughters – 2013) (?)

 Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25: 2       1804 – 1795                         (?) (?)

 Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over: 1   before 1775                        (2nd wife, Nancy Merritt)

 Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture: 3

 Free White Persons - Under 16: 4

 Free White Persons - Over 25: 2

 Total Free White Persons: 8

 Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 8

 Source Citation:

 1820 U S Census; Census Place: , Person, North Carolina; Page: 494; NARA Roll: M33_82; Image: 274.

  

1823 Person County Tax List; (Age: 65)

 

 1830 Census; (Age: 72)

 Name: John Clayton Senior

 Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Person, North Carolina

 Family Structure: Gender            Age        #             Born Between Years      (Assumed Individual)

 Free White Persons - Males - 15 thru 19: 1

 Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29: 1

 Free White Persons - Males - 70 thru 79: 1                                                            (John Clayton B: 1758, Age: 72)

 Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 1

 Free White Persons - Females - 50 thru 59: 1       1780 – 1771                         (2nd wife, Nancy Merritt)

 Free White Persons - Under 20: 1

 Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2

 Total Free White Persons: 5

 Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 5

 Source Citation:

 1830 US Census; Census Place: , Person, North Carolina; Page: 12; NARA Series: M19; Roll Number: 124; Family History Film: 0018090 (Micro Film Image at Ancestry.Com)

  

 1833

 Pension Year, Application State: North Carolina,

 Archive Publication Number: (NARA microfilm publication M804)

 Archive Roll Number: 573, Total Pages in Packet: 17

 Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

 U.S., Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900

 Images Source: Ancestry.Com and Fold3.Com

 

 1833, After (Age: 75)

 No more records and a Last Will & Testament not found. Son, John R. Clayton (Jr. b: 1786) and daughter, Nancy Clayton (b: 1787), wife of John Carver appear to migrate to Pickens County, Alabama during this time period.

 

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