Summary

A veteran of the Mexican-American War and Indian Wars, Sedgwick commanded troops in the Civil War until he was killed by a Confederate sharpshooter.

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Major General 2
Birth:
13 Sep 1813 3
Cornwall, Connecticut 3
Death:
09 May 1864 3
Spotsylvania County, Virginia 3
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
John Sedgwick 1
Birth:
13 Sep 1813 2
Cornwall, Connecticut 2
Death:
09 May 1864 2
Spotsylvania County, Virginia 2
Cause: Gunshot wound 2
Burial:
Cornwall Hollow Cemetery, Connecticut 3
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Civil War (Union) 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Major General 2
Battles:
Yorktown, Seven Pines, Glendale, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House 2
Commands held:
II Corps, IX Corps, VI Corps 2

Other Service 2

Branch:
Army 2
Service Start Date:
1837 2
Service End Date:
1864 2

Mexican-American War 4

Branch:
Army 4
Rank:
Captain (brevet), major (brevet) 4
Battles:
Battle of Contreras, Battle of Churubusco, Battle of Chapultepec 4
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Education:
Institution: US Military Academy 5
Place: West Point, NY 5
To: 1837 5

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Death

Spotsylvania County, Virginia

John Sedgwick served in the Mexican-American War and the Indian Wars before commanding Union troops during the Civil War. He led troops through several major battles, including Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. Well-liked by his men, Sedgwick became the highest-ranking Union casualty of the Civil War when he was killed by a Confederate sharpshooter at the beginning of the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse on 9 May 1864. Admonishing his men for flinching away from Confederate bullets while setting up the artillery line, Sedgwick’s last words were famously, “They couldn't hit an elephant at this distance.”  

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