Summary

An employee of the Jeu de Paume Museum in Paris, Valland kept track of art work looted by the Nazis and helped rescue it after the war.

Birth:
01 Nov 1898 1
Saint-Étienne-de-Saint-Geoirs, Isère, France 2
Death:
18 Sep 1980 2
France 3
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Rose Antonia Maria Valland 1
Full Name:
Rose Valland 2
Birth:
01 Nov 1898 1
Saint-Étienne-de-Saint-Geoirs, Isère, France 1
Death:
18 Sep 1980 1
France 2
Edit
Employment:
Employer: Commission for the Protection of Works of Art 3
Position: Chair 3
Start Date: 1954 3
Employment:
Position: Conservator of the French Musées Nationaux 3
Start Date: 1953 3
Employment:
Employer: Commission de Récupération Artistique (Commission for Art Recovery) 3
Start Date: 1944 4
Employment:
Employer: French Army 2
Position: Capitaine 2
Awards: Légion d'honneur; Commandeur of the Order of Arts and Letters; Médaille de la Résistance.; Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit (Germany); Medal of Freedom (U.S.) 1
Employment:
Employer: Jeu de Paume Museum 2
Position: Curator 2
Place: Paris, France 2
Start Date: 1932 1
Education:
Institution: University of Paris (Sorbonne) 1
Place: Paris, France 1
Education:
Institution: École du Louvre 1
Place: Paris, France 1
Education:
Institution: École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts 1
Place: Paris, France 1
Education:
Institution: École nationale des beaux-arts de Lyon 1
Place: Lyon, France 1

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Valland during WWII

Frenchwoman Rose Valland studied art history at university and went to work at the Jeu de Paume Museum in Paris in 1932. When the Nazi’s took over the museum, Valland was the only member of the staff that they kept on. The Jeu de Paume became a repository for art the Nazis looted, and Valland, underestimated by the Nazis because of her quiet and unassuming demeanor, secretly kept track of where the art was going as much as she could. During the occupation, she passed on information about the movements of the art to the French Resistance, and after the Allied invasion, Valland worked with them to locate and identify the looted art. She continued working in this capacity long after the war ended and was awarded multiple decorations from the French, U.S., and German governments. 

Special mention

Excerpt from the preface of “The List of Property Removed from France During the War 1939-1945, Vol. 2, Paintings, Tapestries, and Sculpture”:

“I wish to take this opportunity to pay special tribute to Mlle Rose Valland, Head of the French Fine Arts Section in Berlin, for the remarkable work she has achieved. During the occupation she succeeded with great daring in gathering most valuable information about the spoliations committed by the Germans. After the liberation of France she carried on the work she had undertaken, showing the same faith and perseverance in the search and identification of our masterpieces in Germany and has thus become mainly responsible for the restoration of the country’s art treasures.” –G. Glasser, Director of Reparations and Restitutions 

(Source: http://www.fold3.com/image/284007158/)

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