Almost certainly the best known American during his lifetime, William Cody was a skilled frontiersman in the first half of his life and a celebrity in the second. He got his nickname, “Buffalo Bill,” in the 1860s while hunting buffalo for the railroad, killing more than 4,000. After working as an Army scout and in other “frontier” positions, Cody starred in a stage production for a decade before creating his successful “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West” show. The show, which dramatized the American West and its cowboys and Indians, toured for 30 years, 10 of those in Europe. Cody continued the Wild West show up until the end of his life, and by his death over 70 million people had seen it.