Summary

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Sergeant 1
Birth:
28 Apr 1839 2
Germany 2
Other 1
Death:
20 Jun 1924 2
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Schwenk, Martin
Schwenk, Martin
The 6th Cavalry hospital marker six miles north of Fairfield.jpg
The 6th Cavalry hospital marker six miles north of Fairfield.jpg
6th United States Cavalry Regiment.jpg
6th United States Cavalry Regiment.jpg
martingeorge.jpg
martingeorge.jpg
Sixth Regt. U.S. Cavalry Marshall and Culberson Houses.jpg
Sixth Regt. U.S. Cavalry Marshall and Culberson Houses.jpg
Medal Of Honor.jpg
Medal Of Honor.jpg
Medal Of Honor Army.jpg
Medal Of Honor Army.jpg
Medal Of Honor.gif
Medal Of Honor.gif
moh.jpg
moh.jpg
Battle of Gettysburg.gif
Battle of Gettysburg.gif
Union & Confederate soldiers at Gettysburg.gif
Union & Confederate soldiers at Gettysburg.gif
Confederate soldier & United Confederate Veteran.gif
Confederate soldier & United Confederate Veteran.gif
Battle of Gettysburg.jpg
Battle of Gettysburg.jpg
594px-01Gettysburg-National-Military-Park-Quarter-Design-300x300.jpg
594px-01Gettysburg-National-Military-Park-Quarter-Design-300x300.jpg

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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Martin Schwenk 1
Also known as:
George Martin 2
Birth:
28 Apr 1839 2
Germany 2
Other 1
Death:
20 Jun 1924 2
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Civil War (Union) 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Sergeant 1
Date:
July 1863 1
Location:
At Millerstown, Pa 1
Military Unit:
Company B, 6th US Cavalry 1

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Sources

  1. Medal of Honor Recipients, 1863-2013 [See image]
  2. Contributed by bruceyrock632
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Stories

Bravery in an attempt to carry a communication through the enemy's lines; also rescued an officer from the hands of the enemy.

6th United States Cavalry Regiment

OVERVIEW:Organized by direction of the President May 4, 1861, and confirmed by Act of Congress July 29, 1861. Regiment organized at Pittsburg, Pa. Moved to Washington, D.C., October 12, 1861. Attached to Stoneman's Cavalry Command, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Emery's Brigade, Cavalry Reserve, Army Potomac, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Pleasanton's Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Pleasanton's Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to June 1865. Frederick, Md., 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to October, 1865.

SERVICE:-Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Reconnoissance to Cedar Run March 14-16. Moved to Virginia Peninsula March 27-30. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Cheese Cake Church May 4. Slatersville May 9. New Kent Court House May 11. New Bridge May 20. Mechanicsville May 24,Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Destruction of bridges, South Anna River, May 28-29. Expedition to Wormsley Ferry June 2. Operations against Stuart June 13-15. Ashland June 16. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Operations about White House June 26-July 2. Black Creek June 26. Malvern Hill August 5. Movement to Alexandria August 15-26. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Fall's Church September 5. Sugar Loaf Mountain near Frederick, September 10-11. Petersville September 15. Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. Charlestown September 28. Hillsboro September 29. Reconnoissance from Harper's Ferry to Leesburg October 1-2. Waterford October 1. Charlestown October 6. Reconnoissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Charlestown October 16. Philomont November 1. Union November 2-3. Upperville and Bloomfield November 2-3. Ashby's Gap November 3. Markham Station November 4. Barbee's Cross Roads, Chester Gap and Markham November 5-6. Amissville November 7-8. Little Washington November 8. Newby's Cross Roads November 9. Corbin's Cross Roads, near Amissville, November 10. Sulphur Springs November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 8, 1863. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Stevensburg April 29. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Middleburg June 19. UppervilleJune 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsport, Md., July 6. Funkstown July 7. Boonesboro July 8. Benevola or Beaver Creek July 9. At and near Funkstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Manassas Gap, Va., July 21-22. Wapping Heights July 23. Kelly's Ford July 31-August 1. Brandy Station August 1-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Brandy Station October 11. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Barnett's Ford February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Wilderness May 5-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Sheridan's Raid to James River May 9-24. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Richmond fortifications May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Hanovertown Ferry and Hanovertown May 27. Haw's Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Old Church and Mattadequin Creek May 30. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Mallory's Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station and White House or St. Peter's Church June 21. Siege of Petersburg till August. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Sevier's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 21-22. Luray Valley September 24. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Raid from near Winchester to Gordonsville December 19-28. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Action at Waynesboro March 2. Duguidsville March 8. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Amelia Springs April 4-5. Sailor's Creek April 6.Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. At Frederick, Md., till October.

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 106 Enlisted men by disease. Total 159.

6th United States Cavalry Regiment

6th United States Cavalry Regiment

The monument to the 6th United States Cavalry is on the South Cavalry Field along Emmitsburg road.(39.7754° N, 77.26419° W; map)

 

A hospital marker for the regiment is on the Fairfield-Orrtanna Road six miles north of Fairfield. Its location is a short distance north of the site of regiment's fight with Confederate General William "Grumble" Jones' Confederate Cavalry Brigade on July 3rd. (39.828572° N, 77.368684° W; map)

 

Two men were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions at Fairfield, Pa., on July 3rd.

Private George C. Platt of Company H "Seized the regimental flag upon the death of the standard bearer in a hand-to-hand fight and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy." Private Martin Schwenk of Company B "for bravery displayed on the field of battle in an attempt to carry a communication through the enemy's lines, and for the rescue of a wounded officer of the 6th United States Cavalry from the hands of the enemy."

 

From the monument:

 

Army of the Potomac
Cavalry Corps
Reserve Brigade First Division
Sixth U.S. Cavalry 

Major Samuel H. Starr commanding

Detachment at Headquarters, Army of the Potomac

 

July 3 Moved at 12 m. with the Brigade from Emmitsburg to attack the Confederate Right and Rear but was detached from the Brigade to intercept the Confederate wagon train supposed to be near Fairfield or Millerstown. Engaged a superior force of the Confederate Cavalry near Mllerstown and withdrew after heavy loss.

 

Casualties: killed 6 men; wounded 5 officers and 23 men; missing 5 officers and 203 men

 

From the marker:

 

Sixth Regt. U.S. Cavalry
The
Marshall and Culberson Houses

Here the
temporary field hospitals of
the regiment ofJuly 3rd 1863.
The regiment commanded by Major
S. H.Starr was sent to Fairfield to
capture a Confederate wagon train
guarded by Jones' Brigade of Confederate 
Cavalry consisting of the 6th 7th & 11th Rgt's
Virginia Cavalry, Clue's Virginia Battery
and the 35th Virginia Battalion were met 
on this road & after a severe hand-to-hand
fight were compelled to retire.

Brought into action 400. 
Lost 242. 
Erected by the survivors 1909.

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