Summary

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Confederate) 1
Branch:
Confederate Army 1
Rank:
Brigadier General 2
Birth:
22 Mar 1834 2
Franklin County IN 2
Death:
04 Sep 1896 2
Columbia, Tennessee 2
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Francis Asbury Shoup 2
Full Name:
Francis A Shoup 1
Birth:
22 Mar 1834 2
Franklin County IN 2
Death:
04 Sep 1896 2
Columbia, Tennessee 2
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Civil War (Confederate) 1

Branch:
Confederate Army 1
Rank:
Brigadier General 2
Enlistment Date:
1861 1

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  1. Civil War Soldiers - Confederate - Officers [See image]
  2. Contributed by bruceyrock632
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Stories

Francis Asbury Shoup (1834-1896) was born in Indiana. He graduated from the United States Military Academy (West Point) in 1855 and fought against the Seminole Indians in Florida as a member of the First United States Artillery. He left military service in 1860 to become a lawyer in Indianapolis, Indiana. Shoup moved to Florida, where he was admitted to the St. Augustine Bar in 1861. After Florida's secession from the Union, he joined the Confederate Army as a lieutenant of artillery. He was promoted to major in October 1861, and in September 1862, he was appointed brigadier general. He served as chief of artillery under General Joseph E. Johnston and as chief of staff under General John B. Hood. In 1869, Shoup became an Episcopal priest and then a chaplain and professor of mathematics at the University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee. He is buried in Sewanee.

One of the more fascinating participants in the Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, was Brigadier General Francis A. Shoup.

 

A native of Indiana, Shoup was Northern born and raised. He was appointed to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point from Indiana and graduated 15th in the Class of 1854. He served in Florida's Third Seminole War from 1856-1858, chasing small bands of Seminole warriors through the great swamps of South Florida.

 

  By 1860 Shoup had resigned his commission and was back in Indiana. When he learned of John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, he formed a company of Zoaves in Indianapolis to defend against possible abolitionist insurrections. When the secession of the Southern states became evident, however, Shoup resigned from the Indianapolis company and walked away from his Indiana friends and family to offer his sword to the Governor of Florida. Moving to St. Augustine, he was appointed a lieutenant by the governor and ordered to erect an artillery battery at Fernandina, Florida. He was soon commissioned into the regular Confederate military.

 

  By October of 1861, he was promoted to Major and served in Kentucky as commander of twelve pieces of artillery with a force of Arkansas troops. At the Battle of Shiloh, he commanded artillery and was the officer that massed the Confederate artillery against Union General Prentiss's troops in one of of the most brutal open field bombardments of the war.

 

  After Shiloh, Shoup was ordered west to Arkansas where Major General Hindman was organizing a new army. Promoted to Brigadier General, he served as Hindman's Chief of Artillery and was on the field at the Battle of Prairie Grove.

 

  After Prairie Grove, Shoup was ordered to Mobile, Alabama, but was in Missisippi for the Battle of Vicksburg, where he was among those captured on July 4, 1863. Eventually exchanged, he served during the Atlanta Campaign and was among those who urged the Confederate Congress to allow the enlistment of slaves in the Confederate Army.

 

  After the war, Shoup entered the ministry with the Episcopal Church and eventually became a professor of metaphysics at the University of the South in Tennessee. He authored books on infantry tactics and algebra.

 

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