Summary

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Confederate) 1
Branch:
Confederate Army 1
Birth:
07 Oct 1817 2
Belmont County, Ohio 2
Death:
12 Sep 1880 2
Brighton, Illinois 2
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Bushrod Rust Johnson 2
Full Name:
Bushrod R Johnson 1
Birth:
07 Oct 1817 2
Belmont County, Ohio 2
Death:
12 Sep 1880 2
Brighton, Illinois 2
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Civil War (Confederate) 1

Branch:
Confederate Army 1
Enlistment Date:
1865 1

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  1. Civil War Soldiers - Confederate - Officers [See image]
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Stories

Civil War Confederate Major General. Born in Belmont County, Ohio, he graduated from West Point in 1840, was commissioned an Army Engineer Officer and fought in the Seminole and the Mexican Wars. In 1847, he resigned from the Army to teach, first at the Western Military Institute in Georgetown, Kentucky, then at the University of Nashville. With the start of the Civil War, he joined the Confederate cause as a Colonel Chief Engineer of the Provisional Army of Tennessee and was commissioned a Brigadier General in January 1862. On February 6, 1862, he was sent to reinforce Fort Donelson and remained until the fort's surrender to Union forces on February 15, 1862. He managed to slip through the enemy lines and was wounded while commanding the 1st Brigade in General Benjamin F. Cheatam's division at Shiloh. When he recovered, Johnson rejoined the Army for the Kentucky Campaign, commanding the 3rd Brigade at Perryville and Murfreesboro. In May 1864, he was promoted to Major General, commanding a division at Bermuda Hundred and took part in the early defenses at Petersburg. During the retreat to Appomattox his division was badly cut up at Sayler's Creek, Johnson was relieved and he was still with his army when the Confederate forces surrendered. Following the war, he became chancellor at the University of Nashville but funding problems caused the school to close. He relocated to Brighten, Illinois and was a farmer until his death at age 62. In August 1975, his remains were exhumed from Miles Station Cemetery Illinois and re-interred next to his wife Mary at Nashville City Cemetery, Tennessee. (bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) 

Bushrod Johnson Affiliation: ConfederacyUnit: Army of the Mississippi, Army of Northern VirginiaRank: General

Bushrod Rust Johnson (October 7, 1817 – September 12, 1880) was a university chancellor, one of only a few Confederate generals from the north. Raised a Quaker in Belmont County, Ohio, Johnson worked on the Underground Railroad with his uncle and graduated from West Point in 1840. Commissioned as a second lieutenant, he fought in the Seminole War and the Mexican-American War.



Accused of selling contraband goods, he resigned from the Army in 1847 and worked as a professor of philosophy and chemistry at Western Military Institute in Kentucky and later professor of engineering at Nashville University. During those years he was active in state militias.



When the Civil War began, Johnson became a colonel of engineers. He was a key figure in the construction of Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River, promoted to brigadier general and placed in command of the fort until the arrival of Gen. Gideon J. Pillow. Pillow led a fierce attempt to break out of the surrounded fort but was forced to surrender to Gen. U.S. Grant.



Johnson escaped capture to command a brigade of the Army of Mississippi at Shiloh, where he was promoted to division commander on the second day of battle before being severely wounded. After his recovery, he led his division in the Battle of Perryville, Stones River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, all under Gen. Braxton Bragg’s command, and the Siege of Knoxville under Longstreet.



On May 21, 1864, he was made a major general and served the rest of the war under Robert E. Lee in the Army of Northern Virginia. His division captured three strands of colors and 130 prisoners at the Battle of the Crater and fought in the trenches at Petersberg, White Oak and Five Forks. His division was almost destroyed at Sayler’s Creek. 



After his parole at Appomattox, he returned to teaching and became co-chancellor of the university of Nashville. In 1875 he retired to Brighton, Illinois, where he died in 1880 and was originally buried. He was reinterred in 1975 at Old City Cemetery, Nashville, with his wife, Mary.

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