Summary

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Confederate) 1
Branch:
Confederate Army 1
Rank:
General 2
Birth:
10 Oct 1819 2
Avon, Maine 2
Death:
05 Aug 1900 2
Natchez, Mississippi 2
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Zebulon York 1
Birth:
10 Oct 1819 2
Avon, Maine 2
Death:
05 Aug 1900 2
Natchez, Mississippi 2
Burial:
Natchez City Cemetery, Natchez, MS 2
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Civil War (Confederate) 1

Branch:
Confederate Army 1
Rank:
General 2
Enlistment Date:
1861 1
Military Unit:
Fourteenth Infantry, Sw - Z 1
State:
Louisiana 1

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  1. Civil War Soldiers - Confederate - LA [See image]
  2. Contributed by bruceyrock632
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Bio

Interesting Fact(s):    York would graduate from Tulane, with a law degree.  Moving to Vidalia, LA, he would practice law, and own a cotton plantation. At the outbreak, of the Civil War, it was reported that he, and his partner, owned six plantations, and over 1,500 slaves.  His plantations were reported to have an annual production of 4,500 bales, of cotton.  York would organize the 14th Louisiana Infantry and be elected its major, lieutenant colonel and colonel.  He would lead this regiment through the Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Antietam and Fredericksburg.  He would return to Louisiana, to recruit troops, during the Chancellorsville Campaign, but would return to regimental command, in time for Gettysburg.  He would be promoted brigadier general during U.S. Grant's Overland Campaign, on May 31, 1864.  He would lead a mixed brigade, of Louisianans, and would take part in Jubal Early's Shenandoah Campaign.  York would receive a devastating wound, to his left arm, while leading his brigade, at Winchester.  The wound would require amputation, after which he returned to recruiting.  After the war, his fortune gone, he would become the proprietor of the York House, in Natchez, MS.

Zebulon York

 

General Zebulon York was born in the state of Maine. His Granddaddy on his mother’s side was an aide to General George Washington during the Revolutionary War and was present when Lord Cornwallis surrendered his British forces. 

York graduated with honors from Transylvania University in Kentucky and earned a law degree from the University of Louisiana, now called Tulane. 

He, along with a business partner, Mr. Hoover, owned 6 plantations in Louisiana, and produced 4,500 bales of cotton each year, with the help of 1700 slaves. 

When the Civil War started York formed the Concordia Rifles, Company F of the 14th Louisiana Infantry, which the men made him Captain because he paid for the entire outfit’s equipment with his own money. This Company was the original Louisiana Fighting Tigers, which had a reputation of fierce fighting and troublemaking. 

Zebulon York was wounded 3 times during the Civil War. His first wound was in 1862 at the Battle of Williamsburg where one bullet gave him injuries in three different places. His second wound came at the second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas Creek) when he was wounded in the neck. While he was in the hospital recuperating he was almost captured by the Yankees, but managed to escape. His third wound happened in 1864 in the Shenandoah Valley where grapeshot shattered his left arm. A surgeon amputated his arm on the battlefield and told York they expected a counter attack, and since he had lost so much blood it would be best if the Yankees captured him. York told the doctor to get his horse because the only part of him the Yankees were going to capture was his arm. Thus York avoided capture for the second time while wounded. 

After the fall of Richmond York was ordered to hold the Yadkin River Bridge, which connected North and South Carolina, to allow people and troops to evacuate. He had a couple of hundred men and 3 small cannon against 4500 Yankee troops with full artillery. The Yankee commander sent several demands for York to surrender, but he refused and held the bridge for 3 days. One of the evacuees was President Jefferson Davis, who crossed the bridge on Easter Sunday, 1865. Upon crossing the bridge Jefferson stopped his carriage and shook York’s hand telling him, “Your gallant defense shall not be forgotten.” 

After the War York returned to Vidalia, Louisiana to find all of his plantations destroyed, but he began his life again by running a boarding house in Natchez that was called the York House. It was located where present day finds Biscuits & Blues Restaurant. York eventually acquired 5 tiny steamboats that worked on Black River, in nearby Louisiana, delivering goods, people and livestock to and from rural areas. 

During the floods of 1882 York led relief efforts for people in Louisiana. Sam Clemens rode one of his little steamboats during one of their many trips into the Black River region and mentions it in his book Life on the Mississippi. 

York became ill in January of 1900 and died on August 1900. He funeral took place at St. Mary’s Basilica and he was buried in the Natchez City Cemetery. His grave plot contains his old business partner, Mr. Hoover and York’s wife whom he married in 1895, but her grave is unmarked to this day.

     

 

Northern Born Confederate Generals

Of the 425 Confederate generals commissioned during the Civil War you may find it surprising to learn that 33 were born in Northern states. New York was the leader with seven Confederate generals followed by Pennsylvania and Ohio who had six each. Massachusetts had five, New Jersey three, Maine two, and one each from Iowa, Connecticut, Indiana and Rhode Island. I did a little research to try and figure out why so many fought for the South.         There were six generals that moved with their families at a very young age and were raised in the South. All served in the war as brigadier Generals. They were Charles Clark (Ohio), Robert Hopkins Hatton (Ohio), William Miller (New York), Lawrence Sullivan Ross (Iowa), Clement Hoffman Stevens (Connecticut), and William Stephen Walker (Pennsylvania).        There were 15 generals that moved to the South after reaching adulthood and in essence considered themselves Southerners. Two were eventually promoted to major general. They were Samuel Gibbs French (New Jersey) and Bushrod Rust Johnson (Ohio). The other 13 were commissioned brigadier generals and they were Albert Gallatin Blanchard (Massachusetts), Julius Adolph De Lagnel (New Jersey), Johnson Kelly Duncan (Pennsylvania), Daniel Marsh Frost (New York), Archibald Gracie, Jr. (New York), Richard Griffith (Pennsylvania), Danville Leadbetter (Maine), William McComb (Pennsylvania), Edward Aylesworth Perry (Massachusetts), Albert Pike (Massachusetts), Daniel Harris Reynolds (Ohio), Claudius Wistar Sears (Massachusetts), and Zebulon York (Maine). Eight Northern born generals married Southern women and that's how they came about joining the Confederacy. One may come as a complete surprise to most. That was General Samuel Cooper (New Jersey) who was the highest ranking Confederate general. Although he was essentially a desk general, many are surprised that the man actually ranked General Robert E. Lee. One was Lieutenant General John Clifford Pemberton (Pennsylvania) who eventually would become hated in the South for surrendering Vicksburg. Two became major generals. One was Martin Luther Smith (New York) and Franklin Gardner (New York) who ironically was forced to surrender Port Hudson after Vicksburg fell. The other four were brigadier generals. They were Josiah Gorgas (Pennsylvania), Roswell Sabine Ripley (Ohio), William Steele (New York), and Walter Husted Stevens (New York).   Major General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax (Rhode Island) really can't be counted like the others because he was born to Southerners while his father was stationed up North in the army. Brigadier General Otho French Strahl (Ohio) moved South because his grandmothers were Southerners and impressed him with stories of the South. One of the most surprising of all was Brigadier General Francis Asbury Shoup (Indiana) who was still living in Indiana when the Southern states began seceding. The man immediately moved to Florida because of his admiration of the South and claimed he was a Southerner in his heart. The other was Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles (Massachusetts) who I was unable to find the reason for his joining the South.         Of those 33 Confederate generals born in the Northern states, five would be killed in action. All five were brigadier generals. They were Archibald Gracie, Jr. (Petersburg), Richard Griffith (Savage's Station), Robert Hopkins Hatton (Fair Oaks), Clement Hoffman Stevens (Atlanta), and Otho French Strahl (Franklin). 

Zebulon York

General Zebulon York was born in the state of Maine. His Granddaddy on his mother’s side was an aide to General George Washington during the Revolutionary War and was present when Lord Cornwallis surrendered his British forces. 

York graduated with honors from Transylvania University in Kentucky and earned a law degree from the University of Louisiana, now called Tulane. 

He, along with a business partner, Mr. Hoover, owned 6 plantations in Louisiana, and produced 4,500 bales of cotton each year, with the help of 1700 slaves. 

When the Civil War started York formed the Concordia Rifles, Company F of the 14th Louisiana Infantry, which the men made him Captain because he paid for the entire outfit’s equipment with his own money. This Company was the original Louisiana Fighting Tigers, which had a reputation of fierce fighting and troublemaking. 

Zebulon York was wounded 3 times during the Civil War. His first wound was in 1862 at the Battle of Williamsburg where one bullet gave him injuries in three different places. His second wound came at the second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas Creek) when he was wounded in the neck. While he was in the hospital recuperating he was almost captured by the Yankees, but managed to escape. His third wound happened in 1864 in the Shenandoah Valley where grapeshot shattered his left arm. A surgeon amputated his arm on the battlefield and told York they expected a counter attack, and since he had lost so much blood it would be best if the Yankees captured him. York told the doctor to get his horse because the only part of him the Yankees were going to capture was his arm. Thus York avoided capture for the second time while wounded. 

After the fall of Richmond York was ordered to hold the Yadkin River Bridge, which connected North and South Carolina, to allow people and troops to evacuate. He had a couple of hundred men and 3 small cannon against 4500 Yankee troops with full artillery. The Yankee commander sent several demands for York to surrender, but he refused and held the bridge for 3 days. One of the evacuees was President Jefferson Davis, who crossed the bridge on Easter Sunday, 1865. Upon crossing the bridge Jefferson stopped his carriage and shook York’s hand telling him, “Your gallant defense shall not be forgotten.” 

After the War York returned to Vidalia, Louisiana to find all of his plantations destroyed, but he began his life again by running a boarding house in Natchez that was called the York House. It was located where present day finds Biscuits & Blues Restaurant. York eventually acquired 5 tiny steamboats that worked on Black River, in nearby Louisiana, delivering goods, people and livestock to and from rural areas. 

During the floods of 1882 York led relief efforts for people in Louisiana. Sam Clemens rode one of his little steamboats during one of their many trips into the Black River region and mentions it in his book Life on the Mississippi. 

York became ill in January of 1900 and died on August 1900. He funeral took place at St. Mary’s Basilica and he was buried in the Natchez City Cemetery. His grave plot contains his old business partner, Mr. Hoover and York’s wife whom he married in 1895, but her grave is unmarked to this day.

The Times-Picayune, 6 Aug 1900, Mon, Part 1

The Times-Picayune, 6 Aug 1900, Mon, Part 2

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