Summary

After serving as an officer in the Continental Army, Knox later went on to become America's first Secretary of War.

Conflict Period:
Revolutionary War 1
Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Major General 1
Birth:
25 Jul 1750 1
Boston, Massachusetts 1
Death:
25 Oct 1806 1
Thomaston (Massachusetts, now Maine) 1
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Henry Knox 1
Birth:
Male 2
Birth:
25 Jul 1750 1
Boston, Massachusetts 1
Death:
25 Oct 1806 1
Thomaston (Massachusetts, now Maine) 1
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Birth:
Mother: Mary Campbell 2
Father: William Knox 2
Marriage:
Lucy Flucker 2
16 Jun 1774 2
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Revolutionary War 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Major General 1
Battles/Campaigns:
Siege of Boston, New York and New Jersey Campaign, Philadelphia Campaign, Siege of Yorktown 3
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Employment:
Position: United States Secretary of War 2
Start Date: 12 Sep 1789 2
End Date: 31 Dec 1794 2
Employment:
Position: Continental States Secretary of War 2
Start Date: 08 Mar 1785 2
End Date: 12 Sep 1789 2
Employment:
Position: Senior Officer of the United States Army 2
Start Date: 23 Dec 1783 2
End Date: 20 Jun 1784 2
Notes:
Other conflict: Indian Campaigns 1

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Stories

Henry Knox was the first Secretary of War for the United States

The Knox Expedition

Fort Ticonderoga, NY

Although just 25 years old, in the winter of 1775 Henry Knox was chosen by George Washington to organize the removal of British artillery from the captured Fort Ticonderoga, in upstate New York, to Boston in order to supplement the poorly equipped Continental Army. Knox arrived at Fort Ticonderoga on December 5 and quickly began organizing the roughly 60 tons of artillery that needed to be transported. The equipment was eventually moved by boat and ox sled, and although there were mishaps along the way, such as artillery pieces falling through weak river ice and there not always being enough snow for the ox sleds, the expedition finally made it to Boston almost two months later. The artillery would shortly thereafter be used in the Siege of Boston. 

Interesting facts about Henry Knox

  • Before joining the Continental Army, Knox owned a bookshop.
  • Knox was a friend of George Washington.
  • Knox was instrumental in delivering the artillery that would be used by Washington in the Siege of Boston.
  • He directed the famous crossing of the Delaware River, making sure that the men, animals, and supplies got across and back again.
  • Knox set up the first artillery and officer training school in the Continental Army.
  • He was a member of the court-martial of John Andre, a co-conspirator of Benedict Arnold. 
  • Knox was the senior officer in the Army after Washington left.
  • He was the first U.S. Secretary of War, and much of his tenure dealt with Indian wars.
  • Knox died from an infection that arose after choking on a chicken bone.

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