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103rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Birth:
Carter County TN 1
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Birth:
Carter County TN 1
Birth:
1840 1
Male 1

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Stories

103rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry

 

                  103rd Illinois Infantry 

“Farewell to home and kindred till the traitor cause is dead—
Till Floyd has dropped his plunder and Jeff has lost his head— 
When this victory is ours we’ll return with shouts of joy
To our lovely wives and sweethearts in old Fulton, Illinois. 

Then shout out your loudest huzzas,
Three cheers for old Fulton’s brave boys!
For our flag shall ever be
The Banner of the free,
While upheld by the brave Fulton boys.”[1]

               In response to the August 1862 call by President Lincoln for 300,000 additional troops, the One Hundred and Third Illinois Infantry was recruited and organized in Fulton County, Illinois.  The men volunteered from the following areas within the County: Company A-Lewiston and Liverpool townships, Company B-Ellisville and Young Hickory townships, Company C-Farmington, Buckheart, Canton and Banner townships, Company D-Fairview township, Company E-Banner, Putnam and Orion townships, Company F-throughout the County, Company G-Canton and Lewistown townships, Company H-Lewistown township, Company I-Bernadotte and Pleasant townships and Company K-Canton township.  On September 7 the Regiment arrived at camp in Peoria and was mustered in for three years of service on October 2, 1862.  On October 30, the One Hundred and Third boarded cars of the Illinois Central Railroad for the trip to Bolivar, Tennessee via Cairo, Illinois.  By early November, the Regiment was encamped at La Grange performing escort and scouting duties.  In December, the Regiment moved south through Holly Springs, Mississippi then on to Waterford, Mississippi for garrison duty and to fortify and guard the bridges of the Mississippi Central Railroad.  In January 1863 the Regiment moved north by rail to Jackson, Tennessee, then threatened by Forrest, and in March returned to La Grange.  On April 17, as part of the diversion regarding the true intent of “Grierson’s Raid,” the garrison at La Grange (including the One Hundred and Third) under command of General W. Sooy Smith, moved south to Holly Springs and then on to Waterford, Mississippi and back to La Grange.  On June 1 the Regiment was placed on guard at various points on the Mississippi Central Railroad and on June 5 were ordered to Memphis, placed on the steamer Henry von Phul and moved downriver to Snyder’s Bluff on the Yazoo River.  From the end of June until the fall of Vicksburg on July 4, the Regiment guarded the rear approaches to Vicksburg at Oak Ridge, Mississippi; following the fall of Vicksburg, the One Hundred and Third marched to the Black River and then on to the siege of the retreating Confederates at Jackson.  When the rebel army retreated the Regiment returned to camp near Vicksburg.  September 25 the Union troops were ordered to Chattanooga, Tennessee to the relief of the Army of the Cumberland. On October 1, the Regiment boarded the Marine Boat Diana, reached Memphis on October 11 and marched east through LaGrange, Tennessee, through Corinth, Iuka and Eastport, Mississippi, across the Tennessee River and arrived at Florence, Alabama on October 30.   Turning north the men reached Fayetteville, Tennessee on November 7, Winchester on November 11, crossed the Cumberland Mountains and arrived at Bridgeport, Alabama on the west bank of the Tennessee River on November 15.  At Bridgeport, Companies C and G were mounted and detached from the Regiment.  The remainder of the Regiment left Bridgeport on November 17, crossed the Tennessee River and camped at Sand Mountain, Georgia. On November 24 and 25 the Regiment was part of a Union force that attacked Confederate positions north of Missionary Ridge-Tunnel Hill; despite a desperate charge the enemy forces could not be dislodged and the One Hundred and Third retreated back to the base of the Hill. Following the battle the enemy withdrew; after a brief pursuit the Regiment was ordered to Knoxville, Tennessee for the relief of Union troops under General Burnside. By the time the Union troops reached Maryville, 16 miles south of Knoxville, the Confederates under Longstreet had quit the siege at Knoxville and retreated back to Virginia. The One Hundred and Third returned to Chattanooga, passed through and spent Christmas 1863 at Stevenson, Alabama.[2]   In February 1864 the Regiment was ordered to Cleveland, Tennessee, and from there moved south to Dalton, Georgia and skirmished at Tunnel Hill, Buzzard’s Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge.  In May the One Hundred and Third became part of the Atlanta campaign and in the next five months fought at Resaca, Dallas[3], New Hope Church, Allatoona Hills, Kenesaw Mountain, Nickajack Creek, Ruff’s Mills, Chattahoochie River and at Atlanta.  After the fall of Atlanta the Regiment pursued the retreating rebel forces under General Hood as far as Gaylsville, Alabama and returned to the Smyrna Camp Ground, Georgia in early November.  In mid-November 1864 the One Hundred and Third joined in Sherman’s “March to the Sea.”  The Regiment fought at Griswoldville on November 22, at the Ogeechee River December 7-7 and in the Siege of Atlanta in December.  From January to April 1865 in the Campaign of the Carolinas the Regiment fought at Salkahatchie Swamps, South and North Edisto Rivers, Congaree Creek, Columbia and Bentonville.  Following the surrender of Johnston and Lee’s forces the Regiment was ordered to Washington D.C. and marched in the Grand Review on May 24, 1865.  

[1] Fulton County Ledger, October 28, 1862.  This is a portion of a song—words by Corp. S. Spellman, set to music by Sergt. A. E. Wagstaff and bugler R. R. Marshall of Company C and sung by the 103rdRegiment.[2] The mounted companies, C and G, rejoined the Regiment at this time.[3] The Regimental commander, Colonel Willard Arms Dickerman, was wounded on May 28, 1864 near Dallas and died May 30.

Pvt James R Lisenby

 

 

Illinois Civil War Detail Report

 

Name LISENBY, JAMES Rank PVT Company H Unit 103 IL US INF

 

Personal Characteristics Residence LEWISTOWN, FULTON CO, IL Age 22 Height 5' 9 Hair BLACK Eyes HAZEL Complexion DARK Marital Status SINGLE Occupation FARMER Nativity CARTER CO, TN

 

Service Record Joined When AUG 22, 1862 Joined Where LEWISTOWN, IL Joined By Whom J J HALE Period 3 YRS Muster In OCT 2, 1862 Muster In Where PEORIA, IL   Remarks TRANS DEC 15, 1863 TO INVALID CORPS                                                                  

  OVERVIEW:Organized at Peoria, Ill., and mustered in October 2, 1862. Moved to Cairo, Ill., thence to Bolivar, Tenn., October 30-November 2, 1862. Attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Department of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, District of Jackson, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

SERVICE:Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November 2-December 31, 1862. Moved to LaGrange, Tenn., November 3, and duty there till November 28. Reconnoissance from LaGrange to Lamar, Miss., November 5. Wirsham Creek November 6. Garrison at Waterford, Miss., December 1-31. Moved to Jackson, Tenn., December 31, and duty there till March 10, 1863. Moved to LaGrange, Tenn., March 10, 1863, and duty there till June 5. Expedition to Holly Springs and Waterford, Miss., and Colliersville, Tenn., April 17-26. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., June 5-6; thence to Vicksburg, Miss., June 8-13. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 14-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Birdsong Ferry, Big Black River, July 4-6. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Big Black River till September 28. Moved to Memphis, Tenn.; thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28-November 23. Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville and return to Bridgeport, Ala., November 28-December 19. Moved to Stevenson, Ala., December 24, thence to Scottsboro, Ala., December 26-28, and duty there till February 8, 1864. Moved to Cleveland, Tenn., February 8-14. Demonstration on Dalton, Ga., February 2-27. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23-25. At Cleveland till May. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles aboutDallasNew Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Brush Mountain June 15. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Ruff's Mills July 4. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Griswoldsville November 22. Ogeechee River December 7-9. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Reconnoissance to Salkehatchie River, S. C., January 25. Combahee River January 28.Salkehatchie Swamps February 2-5. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Congaree Creek February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Mill Creek March 22. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 2-4. Mustered out June 14 and discharged at Chicago, Ill., July 9, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 87 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 153 Enlisted men by disease. Total 249.

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