82nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment
The 82nd Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, known as the "2nd Hecker Regiment," was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was one of the three "German" regiments furnished to the Union by Illinois. Approximately two-thirds of its members were German immigrants and most of the other third was composed of immigrants from various countries. Company C was entirely Jewish, and Company I all Scandinavians.
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82nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Organized at Springfield, Ill., and mustered in under Colonel Friedrich (Frederick) Hecker.
Moved to Washington, D.C. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
Moved to Fairfax Court House, Va.
Moved to Stafford Court House
Near Aquia Creek, Va.
At Stafford Court House, Va.
Battle of Chancellorsville
In its first battle the regiment loses 155 casualties out of around 400 men in action. Colonel Hecker and Major Ferdinand Rolshausen are wounded and Second Lieutenants Lieutenant Conrad Schonder and Lorenz Spoenemann are killed. Lt. Colonel Salomon takes over command of the regiment.
Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Edward Salomon. It brought 347 men to the battle, of whom 4 were killed, 19 wounded, and 89 missing. Second Lieutenant Ferdinand Babst was mortally wounded and Captain Emil Frey and Lieutenant Eugene Hepp captured.
According to the account of Lt. Col. Salomon, "...it happened that my regiment, being the center of the whole line, was the last to leave the field. I received orders to cover our retreat through the town with my own regiment, the Eighty-Second Illinois and the Sixty-First Ohio. These two regiments, under my command, were the last to enter the town in which the greatest confusion reigned. Artillery, ammunition wagons, ambulances, provision trains, disorganized troops, wounded soldiers carried along by the ambulance corps thronged the narrow streets of the town. The retreat became a rout. My two regiments drove the men forward. I guarded the cross streets as much as possible, until I finally ran into a cul-de-sac, where I was compelled to have a heavy, tight board fence knocked down to make it possible to proceed. That accomplished, we had to pass through an enfilading fire of musketry until we gained the peach orchard (at the northern base of Cemetery Hill)."
Pursuit to Manassas Gap
Duty along Orange & Alexandria R. R.
September 25 -
Movement to Bridgeport, Alabama
Operations in Lookout Valle. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, and Colonel Hecker assumes command of the brigade.
Reconnaissance to Trenton
Reopening Tennessee River
Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn.
Duty in Lookout Valley, Tenn.
Pursuit to Cleveland
November 29 - December 17
March to relief of Knoxville
At Whitesides, Tenn.
Col. Hecker resigns his commission
Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
Colonel Hecker resigns.
Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge
Battle of Resaca
The regiment saves the 5th Indiana Battery in a bayonet charge
New Hope Church
The regiment loses 11 killed and 69 wounded out of 245 engaged, winning the praise of General Thomas.
May 25-June 5
Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
June 10-July 2
Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
Lost 5 killed
Gilgal (or Golgotha) Church
Lost 1 killed and 3 wounded in an attack on an entrenched position
Assault on Kenesaw
Smyrna Camp Ground
Peach Tree Creek
Second Lieutenant Frederick Bechstein of Company I is killed
July 22-August 25
Siege of Atlanta
August 26 -
Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2 - November 15
Occupation of Atlanta
Expedition to Tuckum's Cross Roads
November 15 -
March to the sea
Siege of Savannah
Campaign of the Carolinas
Averysboro, Taylor's Hole Creek, N. C.
The regiment lost 15 casualties
Battle of Bentonville
Occupation of Goldsboro
Advance on Raleigh
Occupation of Raleigh
Bennett's House, Surrender of Lee and his Army
April 29-May 19
March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.