12th Illinois Cavalry Regiment
The 12th Illinois Cavalry Regiment was a volunteer cavalry regiment which served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
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12th Illinois Cavalry Regiment
SERVICE:Duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., and on the Upper Potomac to September, 1862. Near Martinsburg September 3. Bunker Hill September 3-4. Martinsburg September 6. Darkesville September 7. Williamsport, Md., September 11. Martinsburg September 11-12. Defence of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 13-14. Regiment cut way through enemy's lines on night of September 14. Antietam, Md., September 16-18. Hagerstown, Md., September 20. Duty on Upper Potomac September 20 to December 8. Williamsport September 21. McCoy's or Russell's Ferry and near Green Springs Furnace October 10. Reconnoissance from Bolivar Heights to Rippon, W. Va., November 9. Dumfries, Va., December 26-27. At Falmouth, Va., till April 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 8. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Tunstall Station May 4. Aylett's May 5. Raid from Yorktown into Matthews County May 19-23. March to Falmouth, Va., Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Upperville June 21. Expedition from Yorktown to South Anna Bridge June 23-28 (Detachment). South Anna Bridge June 26 (Detachment). Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsport, Md., July 6. Bronsboro July 8. Benevola or Beaver Creek July 9. At and near Funkstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Chester Gap July 26. Kelly's Ford July 31-August 1. Brandy Station August 1-4. Near Fairfax Court House August 6 (Detachment). Brandy Station and Culpeper Court House September 7-8. Near Bristoe Station September 12. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Raccoon Ford September 14-16. Stevensburg September 17. Reconnoissance across the Rappahannock September 21-23. Jack's Shop, Madison Court House, September 22. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Raccoon and Morton's Fords October 10. Brandy Station October 11-12. Oak Hill October 15. Rappahannock Station October 27. Moved to Chicago, Ill., November 20-28, and duty there till February, 1864. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., February 9, thence moved to New Orleans, La., March 15-April 1. Moved to Red River April 20, arriving at Alexandria April 23. Actions at Alexandria April 28-May 5-8. Bayou Teche, La., May 5-8. Wilson's Landing May 14. Avoyelle's or Marksville Prairie May 15. Mansura May 16. Yellow Bayou May 17. Morganza May 20. Arrived at New Orleans, La., June 1. Moved to Napoleonville June 11, and duty there till October, engaged in picketing and scouting. Near Napoleonville July 29 (Co. "L"). Expedition from Paincoursville to Natchez, Miss., with skirmish August 15-21 (Cos. "I," "L"). Expedition to Grand Lake, Grand River and Lake Natchez September 7-11. Expedition from Napoleonville to Grand River and Bayou Pigeon September 26-30. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., and duty there till November 14. Liberty November 18. Davidson's Expedition against Mobile and Ohio R. R. November 27-December 13. Expedition from Baton Rouge to Clinton December 23-24. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to Memphis, Tenn., and to Gaines' Landing, Ark., January 7-26, 1865. Osban's Expedition through Southern Arkansas and Northern Louisiana January 27-February 14. Duty near Memphis, Tenn., till June. Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., into Northern Mississippi March 3-11. Moved to Alexandria, La., June 15-22, thence marched to Hempstead, Texas, August 8-26. Duty in Eastern Texas till May, 1866. Mustered out May 29, 1866.
Regiment lost during service 38 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 192 Enlisted men by disease. Total 234.
12th Illinois Cavalry Regiment
Captain Gilmore's Company of Cavalry, Company A, 32nd Illinois, organized at Camp Butler and assigned as Company F
Companies A, B, C, D, E and G organized at Springfield, Ill., and mustered in
February - June
Duty at Camp Butler, Ill., guarding prisoners
Ordered to Martinsburg, W. Va.; Attached to District of Martinsburg, W. Va.; Duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., and on the Upper Potomac
Near Martinsburg; Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army Potomac
Defense of Harper's Ferry, W. Va.
Regiment cut its way out through enemy's lines from the Harper's Ferry siege
Hagerstown, Md.; Duty on Upper Potomac
McCoy's or Russell's Ferry and near Green Springs Furnace
Reconnaissance from Bolivar Heights to Rippon, W. Va.
At Falmouth, Va.
April 27 - May 8
April 29-May 8
Raid from Yorktown into Matthews County
March to Falmouth, Va., Brandy Station and Beverly Ford
Expedition from Yorktown to South Anna Bridge (Detachment)
South Anna Bridge (Detachment)
Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment had parts of five companies at Gettysburg and was combined with the 3rd Indiana Cavalry under the command of Colonel George H. Chapman. The combined regiments totaled 588 men and lost 4 killed, 10 wounded and 6 missing.
From the monument: "First line of battle July 1, 1863. Held until relieved by 1st Corps. One Squadron picketing ridge east of Marsh creek met enemy's left advance."
"Killed: Ferdinand Ushuer, Thos. G. Blanset, John Ellis, Gabriel B. Durham, Homer C. Stedman, "
"Regiment retired to ridge on left rear. With brigade fought dismounted, repulsing attacks of the enemy. Covered the withdrawal of line to Cemetery Hill, and in the evening took position on left flank of the army."
"july 2, 1863, Buford's Division retired toward Westminster"
Benevola or Beaver Creek
At and near Funkstown
July 31 - August 1
Near Fairfax Court House (Detachment)
Brandy Station and Culpeper Court House
Near Bristoe Station
Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
Culpeper Court House
Reconnaissance across the Rappahannock
Jack's Shop, Madison Court House
Raccoon and Morton's Fords
Moved to Chicago, Ill.
Companies K, L and M organized at Springfield, Ill.
Attached to District of St. Louis, Mo., Dept. of Missouri
Moved to St. Louis, Mo.
Attached to 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf
March 15 - April 1
Moved to New Orleans, La.
Moved to Red River
Arrived at Alexandria
April 28-May 5-8
Actions at Alexandria
Bayou Teche, La.
Avoyelle's or Marksville Prairie
Arrived at New Orleans, La.; District of LaFourche, Dept. of the Gulf
Moved to Napoleonville, engaged in picketing and scouting
Near Napoleonville (Co. L)
Attached to 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf,
then 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf
Expedition from Paincoursville to Natchez, Miss. with skirmish (Cos. I, L)
Expedition to Grand Lake, Grand River and Lake Natchez
Expedition from Napoleonville to Grand River and Bayou Pigeon
Moved to Baton Rouge, La., and duty there
November 27 - December 13
Davidson's Expedition against Mobile and Ohio R. R.
Expedition from Baton Rouge to Clinton
Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to Memphis, Tenn., and to Gaines' Landing, Ark.
January 27 -
Osban's Expedition through Southern Arkansas and Northern Louisiana;
Attached to 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee; Duty near Memphis, Tenn.
Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., into Northern Mississippi
Moved to Alexandria, La.
Dept. of Texas
Marched to Hempstead, Texas
Duty in Eastern Texas