Summary

A Civil War general for the Union, perhaps best known for "Sherman's march to the sea" and his controversial "scorched earth" policy.

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Colonel, Brigadier General, Major general 1
Birth:
08 Feb 1820 1
08 Feb 1920 1
Lancaster Ohio 1
Death:
14 Feb 1891 1
New York City 1
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Personal Details

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Birth:
08 Feb 1820 1
08 Feb 1920 2
Lancaster Ohio 2
Male 2
Death:
14 Feb 1891 2
New York City 2
Burial:
Burial Date: 21 Feb 1891 2
Burial Place: Calvary Cemetery, St Louis MO 2
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Birth:
Mother: Mary Hoyt Sherman 2
Father: Charles Robert Sherman 2
Marriage:
Eleanor ("Ellen") Boyle Ewing 1
1850 1
Washington DC 1
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Civil War (Union) 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Colonel, Brigadier General, Major general 1
Service Start Date:
1861 1
Service End Date:
1884 1

Other Service 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
2nd Lieutenant, Captain 1
Service Start Date:
1840 1
Service End Date:
1853 1
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Employment:
Employer: Louisiana State Seminary of Learning & Military Academy 3
Position: Superintendent 3
Place: Pineville, Louisiana 3
Start Date: 1859 3
End Date: 1861 3
Employment:
Employer: Lucas, Turner & Co (bank) 3
Position: Manager 3
Place: San Francisco, California 3
Start Date: 1853 3
End Date: 1857 3
Employment:
Employer: U.S. Army 1
Position: Lieutenant General, General of the Army of the United States 1
Start Date: 1865 1
End Date: 1883 1
Employment:
Employer: Union Army 1
Position: Colonel, Brigadier General, Major General 1
Start Date: 1861 1
End Date: 1865 1
Employment:
Employer: U.S. Army 1
Position: 2nd Lieutenant, Captain 1
Start Date: 1840 1
End Date: 1853 1
Education:
Institution: United States Military Academy 4
Place: West Point, New York 4
From: 1836 4
To: 1840 4
Battle of Collierville TN:
October 11, 1863 5
General of the Army of the United States:
1869 1
Atlanta Campaign:
May 7, 1864 to September 2, 1864 1
Battle of Shiloh:
31 Dec 1969 1
Carolinas Campaign:
January 1865 to April 1865 1
Chattanooga Campaign:
October 1863 to November 1863 1
First Battle of Bull Run:
21 Jul 1861 1
Jackson Expedition:
July 1863 1
Meridian Campaign:
31 Dec 1969 1
Savannah Campaign (March to the Sea):
November 15, 1864 to December 21, 1864 1
Vicksburg Campaign:
December 26, 1862 to July 4, 1863 1

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Stories

Memorial to General Sherman in DC.

Washington, D.C.

Upon the death of General Sherman, the Union veterans of the Army of Tennessee published a booklet about General Sherman's career to raise money for a memorial.  His memorial is the largest Civil War related monument in Washington, D.C.  It is located in the park just East of the South Lawn of the White House.  

The Memorial is topped by an acquestrian statue of General Sherman.  Bias reliefs on the side depict his corps commanders.  On one side is a list of all of Sherman's ranks he attained during his career and the other side is a list of all of his commands.  Four military figures stand watch around the base of the memorial.  All of his battles are set in stone around the base.

Sherman and Johnston

The armies of Union general William T. Sherman and Confederate Joseph E. Johnston battled each other time and time again throughout the Atlanta and Carolinas campaigns in 1864 and ’65. But the two men never met in person until 17 April 1865, when, a week after Lee’s surrender to Grant, Johnston decided to surrender almost 90,000 of his and other Confederate troops to Sherman, the largest surrender of the war.

The two men met three times during the surrender negotiations. Johnston convinced Sherman to try to end the war once and for all by negotiating both military and civil terms. But the document Sherman drew up was rejected by President Johnson and his cabinet, who felt the proposed terms were too lenient with the South, and they insisted that Sherman give Johnston the same terms that Grant gave Lee and not concern himself with civil matters. Sherman wasn’t surprised by the cabinet’s rejection of the proposed terms, and Johnston—ignoring a suggestion from the Confederate secretary of war to fall back with his troops to Georgia—agreed to the Grant-Lee terms, which admittedly were already fairly generous. Sherman also gave Johnston 10 days’ worth of rations for 25,000 men, and the two generals left with a high opinion of each other.

Johnston never forgot Sherman’s generosity, and the two cultivated a friendship after the war. When Sherman died in 1891, Johnston, then 84 years old, attended his funeral as a pallbearer. It was a cold February day, but when Johnston was told he should put on his hat so he didn’t catch cold, Johnston replied, “If I were in [Sherman's] place, and he were standing in mine, he would not put on his hat.” Johnston consequently caught a cold at the funeral, which turned into pneumonia, and he died a month later. 

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