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May 13, 1863 — Richmond, Virginia
SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, MONDAY, JUNE 8, 1863
Stoneman's Expedition to Richmond - Narrative of a Cavalry Soldier.
HOW THE HARRIS LIGHT CAVALRY CHARGED INTO
[Correspondence of the New York Evening Post ]
Hoboken, May 13th.
The following is a copy of a letter from Louis Broadmeadow, the son of Broadmeadow of our city. It is so graphic that I think you will deem it worthy a place in your paper.
Louis Broadmeadow is a private in Company M, of the Harris Light Cavalry, Colonel Kilpatrick, and has the promise from Colonel Mott of the Fourteenth Regiment New York Cavalry, of a second lieutenancy in his regiment.
Yours truly, George W. Morton.
Harris Light Cavalry,
Yorktown (Va.), May 9th.
Dear Father: I have been to Richmond. You may be astonished when I say this, and may suppose I have been there as a prisoner. Such, however, is not the case. After hearing the facts you will agree with me when I say that this regiment has accomplished the most successful raid since the rebellion.
You will also allow that it far exceeds, in disastrous consequences to the enemy, the raid of the rebel Stuart into Pennsylvania. Undoubtedly, you are aware that the cavalry corps of General Stoneman crossed the Rappahannock on the 29th. We were included in that corps. After crossing we marched with the main body two days. On the third day we left them and struck out alone.
After marching all day and night, we came upon a town called Louisa Court House. This we charged upon at daylight, and took without opposition. We are the first Yankee soldiers that ever appeared in that town. We stayed there one day, destroying rebel government stores, telegraphs and railroad bridges. There was not a Union man in the place. We were told that we should hear from Stuart, but he cautiously kept at a respectful distance. After leaving this place on Sunday evening, May 3rd, we marched all night in the direction of Richmond without meeting any rebels. On Monday morning, at nine o'clock, we were within three miles of Richmond, and inside of some of the fortifications - mere earthworks, without men or guns. Here we preceded to burn bridges on three different railroads leading in a north and westerly direction from the city.
We also destroyed the telegraph communicating with their Western army. Remember all this was done in broad daylight and within sight of their church spires. After burning about a dozen bridges and taking all the horses we could find we took our departure. Having no map in my possession, I do not know where these railroads lead to, but am satisfied one of them was the Fredericksburg road. If we had had our other two regiments (the brigade) we should have marched into the city, but our Colonel thought we had accomplished enough and did not like the risk of trying it alone.
You may be surprised that we met no rebel. So was I, and can account for it only upon the supposition that they had left Richmond and vicinity to reinforce their army at Fredericksburg and Vicksburg. They knew very well that we had no force near Richmond, and the idea of a single regiment appearing near their stronghold and Capital was not in their programme, which accounts for their leaving the place wholly unguarded. During the march we did not meet a half-dozen rebels together. We took every horse we could find on both sides of the road - nearly three hundred in all. We brought back very few of the horses we started with, having worn them out. The horse I rode is down near Richmond; I left him in exchange for a fresh one. We captured and paroled a few prisoners who were home on furlough About one hundred and fifty negroes followed us back, and as many more we left crying on the road because we could not mount them and bring them along. A great many of the negroes came to us mounted on their masters' horses.
We burned several buildings, containing rebel stores and clothing, captured and destroyed about forty army wagons, loaded with bacon and wheat. These wagons had been scouring the country and pressing these provisions. Bacon is worth $1.25 per pound. When we cooked our ham we had to salt it - thus proving the scarcity of salt in the Confederacy. We passed very readily for rebel cavalry. When asked what cavalry, we replied the First Virginia. This was before we got to Richmond. Passing the farm houses the women would come out and run down the lane towards the road, taking us for rebels. They would wave their hankerchiefs and smile their brightest. But when they found out who we were they laughed the other way, some of them fainting, and others hiding their faces in their aprons and screaming, thus showing their hatred of the Yankees. You will comprehend the magnitude of the undertaking and its consequences to the enemy. It is conceded to be the biggest thing of the war. The loss of the rebels in the destruction of bridges, locomotives and stores, may be counted by millions.
The country through which we passed was largely engaged in the raising of grain. Taking their horses from them leaves the farmers helpless.
This march has been very severe on the men and horses, frequently riding all day and night without stopping or eating. We had plenty to eat but no time to cook it. We have at last arrived at Yorktown, where we have been well received. This place is well fortified. Our officers give us great credit for our patience and endurance.
I am too much fatigued to write any further. I wish I could give you all the details, but it cannot be done on paper. Let me hear from you soon. We have had no mail since the 22nd.
Company M, Harris Light Cavalry
1862-1863 — Virgina
1862 Aug 11 Enlisted in Harris Light Cavalry / 2nd N.Y. Volunteers / Company M (Capt Armstrong) as private to assist in putting down the Rebellion of the slaveholders
1862 Aug 12 Passed medical examination
1862 Aug 20 Received uniform
1862 Aug 25 Started with other recruits to join Regiment (Regt) in Virginia
1862 Aug 26 Arrived at Washington D.C. Took cars at Alexandria for Warrenton junction
1862 Aug 27 Slept on the ground last night. Start on foot for Warrenton 10 miles. We are mounted on some unserviceable horses which are meet in charge of Regimental Quartermaster. The whole army on the move.
1862 Aug 28 Saw a battlefield yesterday. Dead and wounded without number. Surgeons are amputating limbs of the wounded and throwing the limbs in heaps.
1862 Aug 31 Sunday. Joined Regiment at last on the field of Bull Run. We are arrived and placed in the Ranks. The fighting begins anew and Regt is sent to the front. First time under fire.
1862 Sep 1 Our cavalry in rear of Gen Pope's retreating army.
1862 Sep 2 In the saddle and rain all night.
1862 Sep 3 Still in the saddle. I am overcome by fatigue and often sleep while we are moving towards Washington.
1862 Sep 10 Encamped about 4 miles from Washington. First lessons in drill and sabre exercise.
1862 Sep 13 I am detailed to go with others to Washington for new horses.
1862 Sep 15 Regt went on a short scout.
1862 Sep 16 Scouting near Leesburg and Drainsville.
1862 Sep 17 Captured some sick Rebels and paroled them. Arrived at Leesburg. Shelled the place with two small pieces we had along. Marched in and took temporary possession. Lots of sick Rebs here.
1862 Sep 18 Regt returned to camp.
1862 Sep 25 A recruit drummed out for stealing.
1862 Sep 26 12 men of my Company including myself start on a scout at 12 p.m. Arrived at Leesburg 8 a.m. Remained 1/2 hour and started back for Washington. Forded the Potomac 33 miles above Wash. Arrived in Wash. at 10 p.m. having ridden 80 miles in 22 hours.
1862 Sep 27 In camp in shelter tents and ponchos. Drilling every day.
1862 Oct 15 Received a box of "goodies" from home.
1862 Oct 16 First mounted drill
1862 Oct 17 Drew a Colts Revolver
1862 Oct 27 Broke camp. Cavalry Brig. on the move
1862 Oct 28 At Fairfax Court House
1862 Oct 29 Going towards Winchester
1862 Oct 31 In the neighborhood of Middleburg
1862 Nov 1 Returned to Fairfax C. H.
1862 Nov 3 Started again for Middleburg
1862 Nov 4 At Middleburg
1862 Nov 6 Arrived a Warrenton. A beautiful village
1862 Nov 7 Marching towards Rappahannock River. Snowed all day.
1862 Nov 8 At Rap. River. Can see enemy on other side
1862 Nov 9 Ordered to build winter quarters
1862 Nov 15 Made preparations to burn RR bridge
1862 Nov 17 Ordered to move. Burned our log huts. Pouring with rain and now we have no shelter
1862 Nov 18 Still raining. Burned bridge.
1862 Nov 19 On the march. Mud to horses knees.
1862 Nov 21 Arrived at Aquia Creek on Potomac River
1862 Nov 23 Encamped
1862 Dec 6 Regt on a reconnaissance. Ice 1 1/2 in thick
1862 Dec 9 Arrived back in camp
1862 Dec 10 Left Aquia Creek for Falmouth opp Fredricksburg
1862 Dec 11 The army under Gen Burnside crosses river on Potomac. Enemy shelling us from the heights of Fredricksburg.
1862 Dec 12 Heavy fighting. We are unable to dislodge the enemy and recross the river after severe loss
1862 Dec 15 Both armies engaged in burying the dead. Regt left for White Oak Church
1862 Dec 19 Armed with Sharp's Carbiner
1862 Dec 23 Regt marched to Belle Plain
1862 Dec 24 Regt on picket at Brick Church Rap. River
1862 Dec 25 Chaffing with Rebs on other side of river (chaffing - To make fun of in a good-natured way; tease.)
1862 Dec 26 Returned to Belle Plain
1863 Jan 20 Army under orders to move
1863 Jan 21 Regt paid
1863 Jan 22 Money plenty and sutlers thriving (A sutler or victualer is a civilian merchant who sells provisions to an army in the field, in camp or in quarters. )
1863 Jan 23 The army under Gen Hooker "stuck in the mud"
1863 Mar 21 Testimonials from Colonel Kilpatrick and other officers concerning my fitness for promotion. (There is no chance for me in this Regt as I am a new recruit)
1863 Mar 29 Letter from Col Mott to Col Kilpatrick offering me a Commission in 14th N.Y. Cav. if discharged from this Regt. Kilpatrick refused.
1863 Apr 6 Army received by President Lincoln
1863 Apr 8 Two deserters branded "D" and drummed out.
1863 Apr 13 The cavalry marched to Hartwood Church
1863 Apr 14 Arrived a Beverly Ford on Rap. River
1863 Apr 15 Rebels shelling us from other side of river
1863 Apr 17 Still at Beverly Ford. Mule train unable to keep us properly supplied with food.
1863 Apr 20 Marched towards Waterloo
1863 Apr 22 Moving towards Warrenton Junction
1863 Apr 23 Have to make "Corduroy" beds to sleep on
1863 Apr 25 Shifted camp out of the mud into some more mud
1863 Apr 28 My Co & 5 others left camp on a scout. Arrived in Brentsville. Stole and cooked my first chicken. Returned to camp.
1863 Apr 29 Regt forded Rap. River
1863 Apr 30 A large force of Cavalry moving towards Rapidan River
1863 May 1 Moving fast in a southerly direction
1863 May 2 Marched all last night. Charged into Louisa Court House at daybreak. Destroyed Rebel stores, Railroad etc. Tobacco plentiful
1863 May 3 Marched 28 miles towards Richmond. Meeting no large force of the enemy. 18 miles to Richmond.
1863 May 4 Marched to within 3 miles of Richmond. Burned some railroad bridges. Captured a supply train of 22 wagons
1863 May 5 Moving toward Yorktown. Crossed Pamunkey River on scow (flat-bottomed boat with a blunt bow, often used to haul bulk freight ) ferry, crossed Mattapony river on do.(?), arrived at Aylletts Station and burned Rebel shoe factory
1863 May 6 38 miles to Yorktown
1863 May 8 Arrived at Gloucester Point opposite Yorktown. Crossed over to Yorktown. This place is the scene of Cornwallis surrender to Washington and the French fleet
1863 May 9 Wrote Father a minute account of our raid
1863 May 10 Regt paid
1863 May 19 Regt left camp. Joined by some Infantry and Artillery. Marched all night
1863 May 20 Arrived at Matthews Court House. Saw no enemy.
1863 May 21 Marched to Mob Jack Bay. Gunboats here. Put the "effects" of the raid on board Govt Boats. Start back for Yorktown
1863 May 22 Arrived at Yorktown. Received by mail a copy of the New York Evening Post containing a verbatim copy of my letter to father
1863 May 31 Attended Sunday School
1863 June 10 Went clamming and crabbing in York Bay
1863 June 21 Doing picket duty
1863 June 25 Letter from father containing copy of Special Order War Dept discharging Louis Broadmeadow for promotion. My Descriptive List given.
1863 June 26 Took tug boat for Fortress Monroe and thence by passenger boat up Chesapeake Bay to Baltimore
1863 June 27 Took cars for New York. Arrived home 35 hours from Yorktown
1863 June 30 Visited U. S. Commissioner Geo W. Morton who introduced me to Hon Judge Betts and others
1863 - 1865 — New York, Louisiana
1863 July 3 Ordered to report to Rikers Island to be mustered into 14th NY Cav as 2nd Lieutenant
1863 July 11 Mustered in and assigned to Co L
1863 July 13 Officer of the Day (In the Civil War a General officer of the day was a General officer assigned the duties of responding to reports by the picket line.)
1863 July 15 Regt (dismounted) ordered to New York to assist in quelling draft riots. Went to Gov's Island and drew muskets
1863 July 16 Encamped in Gramercy Park. Fighting the rioters every day
1863 July 17 Drew horses and tents
1863 July 18 Drew saddles and bridles
1863 July 19 Sent with squad to guard the residence of General John A. Dix no 312 21st St
1863 July 20 Took breakfast with Gen Dix at his invitation
1863 July 21 Regt scouting through the city
1863 July 25 Moved camp to Hamilton Park 3rd Ave & 71st St
1863 July 26 Rioters put down and we are drilling and parading
1863 Aug 11 One year a soldier
1863 Sep 25 Regt embarked on steamer Empire City for New Orleans
1863 Oct 5 Arrived at New Orleans after a rough passage and having lost a number of our horses owing to the hold having been badly ventilated
1863 Oct 6 Encamped at Carrollton a suburb of N.O.
1863 Oct 18 Regt took cars for Brashear City
1863 Oct 19 We are with a force marching up the Bayou Teche
1863 Oct 20 Arrived at New Iberia. I am in command of company. The other two officers are detached
1863 Oct 22 Arrived at Opelousas. The natives talk French only
1863 Nov 1 Falling back from Opelousas
1863 Nov 3 Rebels attacked us at Bayou Coteau. Lively scrimmage. My Company well engaged
1863 Nov 4 Encamped near battle grounds. Lost several men killed & wounded.
1863 Nov 5 Moved to Vermillion Bayou
1863 Nov 6 Colonel Mott arrived and took command
1863 Nov 8 I am detached as Aid to Supt of Outposts
1863 Nov 11 The Colonel has had me returned to Command of my Company as there is no Commissioned Officer with it.
1863 Nov 13 Regt on a scout to St. Martinsville
1863 Nov 14 Returned to Vermillion
1863 Nov 15 Rebels drove pickets in, Cavalry turned out and repulsed them.
1863 Nov 16 Army falling back to New Iberia
1863 Nov 17 My Company rear guard
1863 Nov 18 At New Iberia
1863 Nov 20 Regt out last night and captured 100 Rebels
1863 Nov 26 Brigade Officer of Day
1863 Nov 30 Brigade out on another reconnaissance
1864 Jan 6 Army moved 10 miles from Teche bayou
1864 Jan 9 Arrived at Franklin
1864 Jan 14 Arrived at Centreville
1864 Jan 17 Arrived at Brashear City
1864 Jan 18 Regt took cars for Algiers
1864 Jan 19 Crossed Mississippi river. Encamped at Carrollton
1864 Feb 18 Regt ordered to Franklin on Teche where is an Union force
1864 Feb 19 Regt at Brashear City
1864 Feb 20 Regt at Franklin
1864 Feb 22 I am detailed to Asst Provost Marshal of Franklin (Officer in the armed forces who is in charge of the Military Police)
1864 Feb 23 I am quartered with private family
1864 Feb 29 1st Lieut Conlin resigns and I return to command of Company
1864 Mar 11 Marching orders. Packing up
1864 Mar 12 I am promoted 1st Lieutenant vice Peter Conlin
1864 Mar 14 Army moving up the Teche Bayou
1864 Mar 15 Passed through St Martinsville
1864 Mar 16 Near Opelousas
1864 Mar 17 At Little Washington on Bayou Boeuf
1864 Mar 19 At Alexandria on Red River
1864 Mar 27 Marching through the "piney woods"
1864 Mar 28 At Cane River. Gen Banks in command of this force
1864 Mar 30 Bridged Cane River
1864 Mar 31 Arrived at Natchitoches "Frenchy town"
1864 Apr 1 Marching towards Pleasant Hill
1864 Apr 2 My company captured some retreating rebels
1864 Apr 3 I am in command of 3 companies
1864 Apr 7 Skirmishing every day with enemy's rear guard
1864 Apr 8 Met the enemy in force and well posted. We are in a trap and retreat with heavy loss
1864 Apr 9 We make a stand at Pleasant Hill, repulse the enemy and recapture some of our stores and artillery
1864 Apr 10 This morning I rode over a part of the battlefield. It was a shocking sight, but I am accustomed to such scenes now.
1864 Apr 12 Army encamped at Grand Ecore on Red River
1864 Apr 17 Member of a General Court Martial
1864 Apr 20 Army moving toward Alexandria, arrived at Natchitoches. Enemy drove our Brigade out of town
1864 Apr 21 Burning all buildings on our line of retreat, for it is a retreat apparently.
1864 Apr 23 Regt skirmishing every day
1864 Apr 25 At Alexandria. There are several gunboats here
1864 May 5 Our Brigade ordered to join Gen Smith, who is fighting on the Opelousas road. We get into a heavy fight. The enemy seems to have a good deal of Artillery
1864 May 6 Fighting all day. Only 2 line officers with Regt. The rest are at Alexandria Sick
1864 May 7 Still fighting. We have been under fire continuously for 3 days
1864 May 13 Whole army moving
1864 May 18 At Atchafalaya bayou
1864 May 19 Crossing bayou
1864 May 22 At Morganza on Miss. river
1864 May 26 Regt ordered to Donaldsonville
1864 May 30 Arrived at D.
1864 June 3 Arrived opposite New Orleans
1864 June 13 Crossed river
1864 June 14 At Greenville
1864 June 20 Moved to Kinneyville
1864 June 24 Brigade officer of Guard. Put 13 men in jail at Carrollton. Guard houses full. (An officer, acting under the officer of the day, is responsible for the instruction, discipline, and performance of duty of guard in a post, camp, or station.)
1864 June 27 Regt takes a transport for Baton Rouge. I remain at New Orleans on Regimental business.
1864 July 1 I take steamer for Baton Rouge
1864 July 2 Rejoined company
1864 July 4 Independence Day. I take steamer for New Orleans to settle unfinished Regt business
1864 July 6 Returned to Baton Rouge. Regt at Highland Stockade
1864 Sep 30 I am given leave of absence for 30 days
1864 Oct 31 Got mustered as 1st Lieutenant
1864 Nov 1 Took steamer for New Orleans Nov 1
1864 Nov 3 Drew 8 months pay at New Orleans
1864 Nov 5 Took steamer Thomas A Scott for New York
1864 Nov 6 Touched at Ship Island
1864 Nov 7 Touched at Fort Morgan
1864 Nov 11 Arrived at Key West. This is a sandy island with scanty vegetation. Saw coconut trees, limes and other tropical fruits
1864 Nov 14 In Gulf Stream. Boisterous head winds
1864 Nov 18 Off Cape Hatteras
1864 Nov 19 Arrived at New York
1864 Nov 30 Went to Philadelphia to see brother Simeon
1864 Dec 1 Returned to New York
1864 Dec 2 Went to Bridgeport to see uncle John
1864 Dec 5 Returned to New York
1864 Dec 13 Leave of absence extended 30 days
1864 Dec 17 Engaged passage for New Orleans on steamer Continental
1864 Dec 22 Sailed
1864 Dec 28 Arrived in Key West
1864 Dec 31 Left for N. Orleans
1865 Jan 3 Arrived S. W. pass. Arrived N.O.
1865 Jan 4 Reported at Army Headquarters
1865 Jan 7 Rejoined Regt at Pascagoula, Miss
1865 Jan 20 Regt moved to Williams Landing
1865 Jan 22 On Lake Ponchartrain
1865 Jan 30 Arrived Greenville, La
1865 Feb 1 Regt embarked for Baton Rouge
1865 Feb 2 Arrived B. Rouge
1865 Feb 16 Regt embarked for Morganza
1865 Feb 20 Arrived Morganza
1865 Feb 26 Regt on a scout last night
1865 Mar 3 I was sent on a scout last night in command of 50 picked men after guerrillas. I marched all night. Searched houses but found no guerillas
1865 Mar 8 Our camp is on low ground behind the levee. River rising rapidly
1865 Mar 12 5 of my men were captured last night while on picket. Regt went on a scout today. We were ambushed . 1 man killed, 2 officers wounded, 2 Rebels captured.
1865 Mar 20 27th Birthday
1865 Mar 27 River nearly over the top of levee, which is 20 feet higher than ground behind.
1865 Apr 3 Appointed Recorder of a Military Commission
1865 Apr 18 First tidings of the assassination of President Lincoln. Great excitement.
1865 Apr 20 Levee bound to give way if river continues to rise. Embarking horses & stores on barges
1865 Apr 26 Troops embarking
1865 Apr 28 2 feet of water in old camp ground
1865 Apr 30 Regt disembarked
1865 May 1 Recorder of Board of Survey (Officers appointed to fix responsibility for loss, damage or destruction of government property or for making an inventory of the government property found in the effects of a deceased officer.)
1865 May 3 I was out last night with 40 men to head off Jeff Davis who is now making for Miss river. Jeff must have heard of it for he did not appear
1865 May 5 Regt left for Bayou Sara (?). My company remains to do picketing
1865 May 12 Ordered to join Regt
1865 May 13 Joined Regt at New Orleans
1865 May 18 Detailed as Acting Regtl Adjutant (a staff officer, who assists the Commanding Officer of a Regiment, in the details of regimental duty)
1865 May 26 Rumors of Consolidation with 18th N. Y. Cavalry
1865 — Texas
1865 June 13 Orders for Consolidation received
1865 June 14 Regt embarked for Shreveport on Red River
1865 June 17 Going up Red River. River narrow and crooked. Alligators rampant
1865 June 20 Arrived at Shreveport and joined 18th N. Y. Cavalry
1865 June 21 I am assigned to Command of Co E
1865 July 3 Broke camp and marched to Greenwood 24 miles. Hot & dusty. Water scarce
1865 July 4 Arrived at Marshal, Texas
1865 July 5 I am to go ahead and buy beef for the command (5000 men). Find many rebels in their homes. They are glad the war is over.
1865 July 7 Marching towards San Antonio
1865 July 8 Horses giving out, and ordnance being abandoned. The Rebels having surrendered they are now at home. I am buying bovines(?) on the hoof for $10.00 per head on an average. Made 27 miles today. Passed through Salem. The rebel women are very abusive to us and reproach the rebel men for succumbing to the "infernal Yankees"
1865 July 9 Arrived at Nueces(?) river. 2 years an officer
1865 July 11 Arrived at Palestine
1865 July 12 Marched 20 miles. Crossed Trinity River on scow ferry
1865 July 13 Arrived Centreville
1865 July 15 I am returned to my Company, because I have reason to believe, I did not keep the Colonel & his staff supplied with fresh meat gratis
1865 July 16 Command at Owensville(?). It is dangerous to sleep on the ground here by reason of snakes and centipedes whose bite is fatal
1865 July 17 17 miles of prairie today
1865 July 18 Crossed Little Brazos River
1865 July 19 Find the natives ignorant & ugly. No pretty women to be seen
1865 July 20 Crossed Brazos River on scow ferry
1865 July 21 Men deserting in large numbers because of bad treatment
1865 July 26 Arrived at Austin the capital of Texas on Colorado River. Many professed Unionists here.
1865 July 29 Marched to San Marcos
1865 July 30 Arrived at New Braunfels, a German settlement
1865 July 31 Arrived at Salado Creek
1865 Aug 1 Arrived at San Antonio an old Spanish settlement. Many of the houses are built of mud or adobe and inhabited by Mexicans, Spaniards, etc. There are several very old Roman Catholic Convents in a dilapidated state near by
1865 Aug 3 Encamped in the chaparral. Plenty of good spring water, lager beer, pecan nut trees abound.
1865 Aug 10 3 years service
1865 Aug 14 Out of curiosity visited a "gambling hall" today. Piles of gold and silver on the tables. Bullet holes in the walls.
1865 Aug 29 President of a Board of Survey
1865 Sep 1 Bathing in San Antonio river daily. Water clean & pure
1865 Sep 2 Detailed to Brigade Commissary. Declined
1865 Sep 11 Tendered my resignation
1865 Sep 17 Member of Board of Survey
1865 Oct 9 Went to Austin in command of Paymasters escort
1865 Oct 11 Arrived at Austin 40 miles
1865 Oct 14 Returned to San Antonio
1865 Oct 20 My Orders for Honorable discharge arrived
1865 Oct 24 Turned over company & Govt property to 2nd Lieut
1865 Oct 25 Took stage to Alleyton in evening
1865 Oct 26 6 hours to stage. Travel night as well as day, change horses every 20 miles.
1865 Oct 27 Arrived at Alleyton in evening
1865 Oct 28 Took cars for Galveston. Arrived at Galveston. This is a very nice place in the Bay from the Gulf of Mexico
1865 Oct 29 Took steamer Morgan for New Orleans. Paid $30.00 fare
1865 Oct 31 Arrived N. O. Put up at City Hotel
1865 Nov 1 Took steamer Julia for Cairo Illinios. Paid $40.00 fare
1865 Nov 7 Arrived Cairo
1865 Nov 8 Left for New York by rail, paid fare $36.40
1865 Nov 10 Arrived at New York. Since leaving San Antonio have travelled by stage 150 miles, by water 1400 miles, by land or rail 1300 miles