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Stoneman's Expedition to Richmond - Narrative of a Cavalry Soldier

Richmond, Virginia

 

SACRAMENTO DAILY UNION, MONDAY, JUNE 8, 1863


Stoneman's Expedition to Richmond - Narrative of a Cavalry Soldier.

HOW THE HARRIS LIGHT CAVALRY CHARGED INTO

RICHMOND.

[Correspondence of the New York Evening Post ]

Hoboken, May 13th.

  The following is a copy of a letter from Louis Broadmeadow, the son of Broadmeadow of our city. It is so graphic that I think you will deem it worthy a place in your paper.

  Louis Broadmeadow is a private in Company M, of the Harris Light Cavalry, Colonel Kilpatrick, and has the promise from Colonel Mott of the Fourteenth Regiment New York Cavalry, of a second lieutenancy in his regiment.

            Yours truly,    George W. Morton.

 

Harris Light Cavalry,

Yorktown (Va.), May 9th.

  Dear Father: I have been to Richmond. You may be astonished when I say this, and may suppose I have been there as a prisoner. Such, however, is not the case. After hearing the facts you will agree with me when I say that this regiment has accomplished the most successful raid since the rebellion.

  You will also allow that it far exceeds, in disastrous consequences to the enemy, the raid of the rebel Stuart into Pennsylvania. Undoubtedly, you are aware that the cavalry corps of General Stoneman crossed the Rappahannock on the 29th. We were included in that corps. After crossing we marched with the main body two days. On the third day we left them and struck out alone.

  After marching all day and night, we came upon a town called Louisa Court House. This we charged upon at daylight, and took without opposition. We are the first Yankee soldiers that ever appeared in that town. We stayed there one day, destroying rebel government stores, telegraphs and railroad bridges. There was not a Union man in the place. We were told that we should hear from Stuart, but he cautiously kept at a respectful distance. After leaving this place on Sunday evening, May 3rd, we marched all night in the direction of Richmond without meeting any rebels. On Monday morning, at nine o'clock, we were within three miles of Richmond, and inside of some of the fortifications - mere earthworks, without men or guns. Here we preceded to burn bridges on three different railroads leading in a north and westerly direction from the city.

  We also destroyed the telegraph communicating with their Western army. Remember all this was done in broad daylight and within sight of their church spires. After burning about a dozen bridges and taking all the horses we could find we took our departure. Having no map in my possession, I do not know where these railroads lead to, but am satisfied one of them was the Fredericksburg road. If we had had our other two regiments (the brigade) we should have marched into the city, but our Colonel thought we had accomplished enough and did not like the risk of trying it alone.

  You may be surprised that we met no rebel. So was I, and can account for it only upon the supposition that they had left Richmond and vicinity to reinforce their army at Fredericksburg and Vicksburg. They knew very well that we had no force near Richmond, and the idea of a single regiment appearing near their stronghold and Capital was not in their programme, which accounts for their leaving the place wholly unguarded. During the march we did not meet a half-dozen rebels together. We took every horse we could find on both sides of the road - nearly three hundred in all. We brought back very few of the horses we started with, having worn them out. The horse I rode is down near Richmond; I left him in exchange for a fresh one. We captured and paroled a few prisoners who were home on furlough About one hundred and fifty negroes followed us back, and as many more we left crying on the road because we could not mount them and bring them along. A great many of the negroes came to us mounted on their masters' horses.

  We burned several buildings, containing rebel stores and clothing, captured and destroyed about forty army wagons, loaded with bacon and wheat. These wagons had been scouring the country and pressing these provisions. Bacon is worth $1.25 per pound. When we cooked our ham we had to salt it - thus proving the scarcity of salt in the Confederacy. We passed very readily for rebel cavalry. When asked what cavalry, we replied the First Virginia. This was before we got to Richmond. Passing the farm houses the women would come out and run down the lane towards the road, taking us for rebels. They would wave their hankerchiefs and smile their brightest. But when they found out who we were they laughed the other way, some of them fainting, and others hiding their faces in their aprons and screaming, thus showing their hatred of the Yankees. You will comprehend the magnitude of the undertaking and its consequences to the enemy. It is conceded to be the biggest thing of the war. The loss of the rebels in the destruction of bridges, locomotives and stores, may be counted by millions.

  The country through which we passed was largely engaged in the raising of grain. Taking their horses from them leaves the farmers helpless.

  This march has been very severe on the men and horses, frequently riding all day and night without stopping or eating. We had plenty to eat but no time to cook it. We have at last arrived at Yorktown, where we have been well received. This place is well fortified. Our officers give us great credit for our patience and endurance.

  I am too much fatigued to write any further. I wish I could give you all the details, but it cannot be done on paper. Let me hear from you soon. We have had no mail since the 22nd.

Louis Broadmeadow,

Company M, Harris Light Cavalry


 

 

Extract from Diary

Virgina

 

1862 Aug 11         Enlisted in Harris Light Cavalry / 2nd N.Y. Volunteers / Company M (Capt Armstrong) as private to assist in putting down the Rebellion of the slaveholders

 

1862 Aug 12         Passed medical examination

 

1862 Aug 20         Received uniform

 

1862 Aug 25         Started with other recruits to join Regiment (Regt) in Virginia

 

1862 Aug 26         Arrived at Washington D.C.  Took cars at Alexandria for Warrenton junction

 

1862 Aug 27         Slept on the ground last night. Start on foot for Warrenton 10 miles.  We are mounted on some unserviceable horses which are meet in charge of Regimental Quartermaster. The whole army on the move.

 

1862 Aug 28         Saw a battlefield yesterday. Dead and wounded without number. Surgeons are amputating limbs of the wounded and throwing the limbs in heaps.

 

1862 Aug 31         Sunday.  Joined Regiment at last on the field of Bull Run.  We are arrived and placed in the Ranks. The fighting begins anew and Regt is sent to the front. First time under fire.

 

1862 Sep 1            Our cavalry in rear of Gen Pope's retreating army.

 

1862 Sep 2            In the saddle and rain all night.

 

1862 Sep 3            Still in the saddle.  I am overcome by fatigue and often sleep while we are moving towards Washington.

 

1862 Sep 10          Encamped about 4 miles from Washington. First lessons in drill and sabre exercise.

 

1862 Sep 13          I am detailed to go with others to Washington for new horses.

 

1862 Sep 15          Regt went on a short scout.

 

1862 Sep 16          Scouting near Leesburg and Drainsville.

 

1862 Sep 17          Captured some sick Rebels and paroled them. Arrived at Leesburg. Shelled the place with two small pieces we had along. Marched in and took temporary possession. Lots of sick Rebs here.

 

1862 Sep 18          Regt returned to camp.

 

1862 Sep 25          A recruit drummed out for stealing.

 

1862 Sep 26          12 men of my Company including myself start on a scout at 12 p.m. Arrived at Leesburg 8 a.m. Remained 1/2 hour and started back for Washington. Forded the Potomac 33 miles above Wash.  Arrived in Wash. at 10 p.m. having ridden 80 miles in 22 hours.

 

1862 Sep 27          In camp in shelter tents and ponchos.  Drilling every day.

 

1862 Oct 15          Received a box of "goodies" from home.

 

1862 Oct 16          First mounted drill

 

1862 Oct 17          Drew a Colts Revolver

 

1862 Oct 27          Broke camp. Cavalry Brig. on the move

 

1862 Oct 28          At Fairfax Court House

 

1862 Oct 29          Going towards Winchester

 

1862 Oct 31          In the neighborhood of Middleburg

 

1862 Nov 1           Returned to Fairfax C. H.

 

1862 Nov 3           Started again for Middleburg

 

1862 Nov 4           At Middleburg

 

1862 Nov 6           Arrived a Warrenton.  A beautiful village

 

1862 Nov 7           Marching towards Rappahannock River.  Snowed all day.

 

1862 Nov 8           At Rap. River. Can see enemy on other side

 

1862 Nov 9           Ordered to build winter quarters

 

1862 Nov 15         Made preparations to burn RR bridge

 

1862 Nov 17         Ordered to move.  Burned our log huts. Pouring with rain and now we have no shelter

 

1862 Nov 18         Still raining. Burned bridge.

 

1862 Nov 19         On the march. Mud to horses knees.

 

1862 Nov 21         Arrived at Aquia Creek on Potomac River

 

1862 Nov 23         Encamped

 

1862 Dec 6            Regt on a reconnaissance.  Ice 1 1/2 in thick

 

1862 Dec 9            Arrived back in camp

 

1862 Dec 10         Left Aquia Creek for Falmouth opp Fredricksburg

 

1862 Dec 11         The army under Gen Burnside crosses river on Potomac. Enemy shelling us from the heights of Fredricksburg.

 

1862 Dec 12         Heavy fighting. We are unable to dislodge the enemy and recross the river after severe loss

 

1862 Dec 15         Both armies engaged in burying the dead. Regt left for White Oak Church

 

1862 Dec 19         Armed with Sharp's Carbiner

 

1862 Dec 23         Regt marched to Belle Plain

 

1862 Dec 24         Regt on picket at Brick Church Rap. River

 

1862 Dec 25         Chaffing with Rebs on other side of river (chaffing - To make fun of in a good-natured way; tease.)

 

1862 Dec 26         Returned to Belle Plain

 

1863 Jan 20          Army under orders to move

 

1863 Jan 21          Regt paid

 

1863 Jan 22          Money plenty and sutlers thriving (A sutler or victualer is a civilian merchant who sells provisions to an army in the field, in camp or in quarters. )

 

1863 Jan 23          The army under Gen Hooker "stuck in the mud"

 

1863 Mar 21         Testimonials from Colonel Kilpatrick and other officers concerning my fitness for promotion. (There is no chance for me in this Regt as I am a new recruit)

 

1863 Mar 29         Letter from Col Mott to Col Kilpatrick offering me a Commission in 14th N.Y. Cav. if discharged from this Regt. Kilpatrick refused.

 

1863 Apr 6            Army received by President Lincoln

 

1863 Apr 8            Two deserters branded "D" and drummed out.

 

1863 Apr 13          The cavalry marched to Hartwood Church

 

1863 Apr 14          Arrived a Beverly Ford on Rap. River

 

1863 Apr 15          Rebels shelling us from other side of river

 

1863 Apr 17          Still at Beverly Ford.  Mule train unable to keep us properly supplied with food.

 

1863 Apr 20          Marched towards Waterloo

 

1863 Apr 22          Moving towards Warrenton Junction

 

1863 Apr 23          Have to make "Corduroy" beds to sleep on

 

1863 Apr 25          Shifted camp out of the mud into some more mud

 

1863 Apr 28          My Co & 5 others left camp on a scout. Arrived in Brentsville. Stole and cooked my first chicken. Returned to camp.

 

1863 Apr 29          Regt forded Rap. River

 

1863 Apr 30          A large force of Cavalry moving towards Rapidan River

 

1863 May 1          Moving fast in a southerly direction

 

1863 May 2          Marched all last night. Charged into Louisa Court House at daybreak. Destroyed Rebel stores, Railroad etc. Tobacco plentiful

 

1863 May 3          Marched 28 miles towards Richmond. Meeting no large force of the enemy. 18 miles to Richmond.

 

1863 May 4          Marched to within 3 miles of Richmond. Burned some railroad bridges. Captured a supply train of 22 wagons

 

1863 May 5          Moving toward Yorktown. Crossed Pamunkey River on scow (flat-bottomed boat with a blunt bow, often used to haul bulk freight ) ferry, crossed Mattapony river on do.(?), arrived at Aylletts Station and burned Rebel shoe factory

 

1863 May 6          38 miles to Yorktown

 

1863 May 8          Arrived at Gloucester Point opposite Yorktown.  Crossed over to Yorktown. This place is the scene of Cornwallis surrender to Washington and the French fleet

 

1863 May 9          Wrote Father a minute account of our raid

 

1863 May 10        Regt paid

 

1863 May 19        Regt left camp.  Joined by some Infantry and Artillery. Marched all night

 

1863 May 20        Arrived at Matthews Court House.  Saw no enemy.

 

1863 May 21        Marched to Mob Jack Bay. Gunboats here. Put the "effects" of the raid on board Govt Boats. Start back for Yorktown

 

1863 May 22        Arrived at Yorktown. Received by mail a copy of the New York Evening Post containing a verbatim copy of my letter to father

 

1863 May 31        Attended Sunday School

 

1863 June 10        Went clamming and crabbing in York Bay

 

1863 June 21        Doing picket duty

 

1863 June 25        Letter from father containing copy of Special Order War Dept discharging Louis Broadmeadow for promotion.  My Descriptive List given.

 

1863 June 26        Took tug boat for Fortress Monroe and thence by passenger boat up Chesapeake Bay to Baltimore

 

1863 June 27        Took cars for New York. Arrived home 35 hours from Yorktown

 

1863 June 30        Visited U. S. Commissioner Geo W. Morton who introduced me to Hon Judge Betts and others

 

Extract from Diary - 14th NY Cavalry

New York, Louisiana

 

1863 July 3           Ordered to report to Rikers Island to be mustered into 14th NY Cav as 2nd Lieutenant

 

1863 July 11         Mustered in and assigned to Co L

 

1863 July 13         Officer of the Day (In the Civil War a General officer of the day was a General officer assigned the duties of responding to reports by the picket line.)

 

1863 July 15         Regt (dismounted) ordered to New York to assist in quelling draft riots. Went to Gov's Island and drew muskets

 

1863 July 16         Encamped in Gramercy Park.  Fighting the rioters every day

 

1863 July 17         Drew horses and tents

 

1863 July 18         Drew saddles and bridles

 

1863 July 19         Sent with squad to guard the residence of General  John A. Dix no 312 21st St

 

1863 July 20         Took breakfast with Gen Dix at his invitation

 

1863 July 21         Regt scouting through the city

 

1863 July 25         Moved camp to Hamilton Park 3rd Ave & 71st St

 

1863 July 26         Rioters put down and we are drilling and parading

 

1863 Aug 11         One year a soldier

 

1863 Sep 25          Regt embarked on steamer Empire City for New Orleans

 

1863 Oct 5            Arrived at New Orleans after a rough passage and having lost a number of our horses owing to the hold having been badly ventilated

 

1863 Oct 6            Encamped at Carrollton a suburb of N.O.

 

1863 Oct 18          Regt took cars for Brashear City

 

1863 Oct 19          We are with a force marching up the Bayou Teche

 

1863 Oct 20          Arrived at New Iberia.  I am in command of company. The other two officers are detached

 

1863 Oct 22          Arrived at Opelousas. The natives talk French only

 

1863 Nov 1           Falling back from Opelousas

 

1863 Nov 3           Rebels attacked us at Bayou Coteau. Lively scrimmage. My Company well engaged

 

1863 Nov 4           Encamped near battle grounds. Lost several men killed & wounded.

 

1863 Nov 5           Moved to Vermillion Bayou

 

1863 Nov 6           Colonel Mott arrived and took command

 

1863 Nov 8           I am detached as Aid to Supt of Outposts

 

1863 Nov 11         The Colonel has had me returned to Command of my Company as there is no Commissioned Officer with it.

 

1863 Nov 13         Regt on a scout to St. Martinsville

 

1863 Nov 14         Returned to Vermillion

 

1863 Nov 15         Rebels drove pickets in, Cavalry turned out and repulsed them.

 

1863 Nov 16         Army falling back to New Iberia

 

1863 Nov 17         My Company rear guard

 

1863 Nov 18         At New Iberia

 

1863 Nov 20         Regt out last night and captured 100 Rebels

 

1863 Nov 26         Brigade Officer of Day

 

1863 Nov 30         Brigade out on another reconnaissance

 

1864 Jan 6            Army moved 10 miles from Teche bayou

 

1864 Jan 9            Arrived at Franklin

 

1864 Jan 14          Arrived at Centreville

 

1864 Jan 17          Arrived at Brashear City

 

1864 Jan 18          Regt took cars for Algiers

 

1864 Jan 19          Crossed Mississippi river. Encamped at Carrollton

 

1864 Feb 18          Regt ordered to Franklin on Teche where is an Union force

 

1864 Feb 19          Regt at Brashear City

 

1864 Feb 20          Regt at Franklin

 

1864 Feb 22          I am detailed to Asst Provost Marshal of Franklin (Officer in the armed forces who is in charge of the Military Police)

 

1864 Feb 23          I am quartered with private family

 

1864 Feb 29          1st Lieut Conlin resigns and I return to command of Company

 

1864 Mar 11         Marching orders. Packing up

 

1864 Mar 12         I am promoted 1st Lieutenant vice Peter Conlin

 

1864 Mar 14         Army moving up the Teche Bayou

 

1864 Mar 15         Passed through St Martinsville

 

1864 Mar 16         Near Opelousas

 

1864 Mar 17         At Little Washington on Bayou Boeuf

 

1864 Mar 19         At Alexandria on Red River

 

1864 Mar 27         Marching through the "piney woods"

 

1864 Mar 28         At Cane River. Gen Banks in command of this force

 

1864 Mar 30         Bridged Cane River

 

1864 Mar 31         Arrived at Natchitoches "Frenchy town"

 

1864 Apr 1            Marching towards Pleasant Hill

 

1864 Apr 2            My company captured some retreating rebels

 

1864 Apr 3            I am in command of 3 companies

 

1864 Apr 7            Skirmishing every day with enemy's rear guard

 

1864 Apr 8            Met the enemy in force and well posted.  We are in a trap and retreat with heavy loss

 

1864 Apr 9            We make a stand at Pleasant Hill, repulse the enemy and recapture some of our stores and artillery

 

1864 Apr 10          This morning I rode over a part of the battlefield.  It was a shocking sight, but I am accustomed to such scenes now.

 

1864 Apr 12          Army encamped at Grand Ecore on Red River

 

1864 Apr 17          Member of a General Court Martial

 

1864 Apr 20          Army moving toward Alexandria, arrived at Natchitoches. Enemy drove our Brigade out of town

 

1864 Apr 21          Burning all buildings on our line of retreat, for it is a retreat apparently.

 

1864 Apr 23          Regt skirmishing every day

 

1864 Apr 25          At Alexandria. There are several gunboats here

 

1864 May 5          Our Brigade ordered to join Gen Smith, who is fighting on the Opelousas road. We get into a heavy fight. The enemy seems to have a good deal of Artillery

 

1864 May 6          Fighting all day. Only 2 line officers with Regt. The rest are at Alexandria Sick

 

1864 May 7          Still fighting. We have been under fire continuously for 3 days

 

1864 May 13        Whole army moving

 

1864 May 18        At Atchafalaya bayou

 

1864 May 19        Crossing bayou

 

1864 May 22        At Morganza on Miss. river

 

1864 May 26        Regt ordered to Donaldsonville

 

1864 May 30        Arrived at D.

 

1864 June 3          Arrived opposite New Orleans

 

1864 June 13        Crossed river

 

1864 June 14        At Greenville

 

1864 June 20        Moved to Kinneyville

 

1864 June 24        Brigade officer of Guard. Put 13 men in jail at Carrollton. Guard houses full. (An officer, acting under the officer of the day, is responsible for the instruction, discipline, and performance of duty of guard in a post, camp, or station.)

 

1864 June 27        Regt takes a transport for Baton Rouge. I remain at New Orleans on Regimental business.

 

1864 July 1           I take steamer for Baton Rouge

 

1864 July 2           Rejoined company

 

1864 July 4           Independence Day. I take steamer for New Orleans to settle unfinished Regt business

 

1864 July 6           Returned to Baton Rouge. Regt at Highland Stockade

 

1864 Sep 30          I am given leave of absence for 30 days

 

1864 Oct 31          Got mustered as 1st Lieutenant

 

1864 Nov 1           Took steamer for New Orleans Nov 1

 

1864 Nov 3           Drew 8 months pay at New Orleans

 

1864 Nov 5           Took steamer Thomas A Scott for New York

 

1864 Nov 6           Touched at Ship Island

 

1864 Nov 7           Touched at Fort Morgan

 

1864 Nov 11         Arrived at Key West. This is a sandy island with scanty vegetation. Saw coconut trees, limes and other tropical fruits

 

1864 Nov 14         In Gulf Stream. Boisterous head winds

 

1864 Nov 18         Off Cape Hatteras

 

1864 Nov 19         Arrived at New York

 

1864 Nov 30         Went to Philadelphia to see brother Simeon

 

1864 Dec 1            Returned to New York

 

1864 Dec 2            Went to Bridgeport to see uncle John

 

1864 Dec 5            Returned to New York

 

1864 Dec 13         Leave of absence extended 30 days

 

1864 Dec 17         Engaged passage for New Orleans on steamer Continental

 

1864 Dec 22         Sailed

 

1864 Dec 28         Arrived in Key West

 

1864 Dec 31         Left for N. Orleans

 

1865 Jan 3            Arrived S. W. pass. Arrived N.O.

 

1865 Jan 4            Reported at Army Headquarters

 

1865 Jan 7            Rejoined Regt at Pascagoula, Miss

 

1865 Jan 20          Regt moved to Williams Landing

 

1865 Jan 22          On Lake Ponchartrain

 

1865 Jan 30          Arrived Greenville, La

 

1865 Feb 1            Regt embarked for Baton Rouge

 

1865 Feb 2            Arrived B. Rouge

 

1865 Feb 16          Regt embarked for Morganza

 

1865 Feb 20          Arrived Morganza

 

1865 Feb 26          Regt on a scout last night

 

1865 Mar 3           I was sent on a scout last night in command of 50 picked men after guerrillas. I marched all night. Searched houses but found no guerillas

 

1865 Mar 8           Our camp is on low ground behind the levee. River rising rapidly

 

1865 Mar 12         5 of my men were captured last night while on picket. Regt went on a scout today. We were ambushed .  1 man killed, 2 officers wounded, 2 Rebels captured.

 

1865 Mar 20         27th Birthday

 

1865 Mar 27         River nearly over the top of levee, which is 20 feet higher than ground behind.

 

1865 Apr 3            Appointed Recorder of a Military Commission

 

1865 Apr 18          First tidings of the assassination of President Lincoln. Great excitement.

 

1865 Apr 20          Levee bound to give way if river continues to rise. Embarking horses & stores on barges

 

1865 Apr 26          Troops embarking

 

1865 Apr 28          2 feet of water in old camp ground

 

1865 Apr 30          Regt disembarked

 

1865 May 1          Recorder of Board of Survey (Officers appointed to fix responsibility for loss, damage or destruction of government property or for making an inventory of the government property found in the effects of a deceased officer.)

 

1865 May 3          I was out last night with 40 men to head off Jeff Davis who is now making for Miss river. Jeff must have heard of it for he did not appear

 

1865 May 5          Regt left for Bayou Sara (?). My company remains to do picketing

 

1865 May 12        Ordered to join Regt

 

1865 May 13        Joined Regt at New Orleans

 

1865 May 18        Detailed as Acting Regtl Adjutant (a staff officer, who assists the Commanding Officer of a Regiment,  in the details of regimental duty)

 

1865 May 26        Rumors of Consolidation with 18th N. Y. Cavalry

 

Extracts from Diary - 18th NY Cavalry

Texas

 

1865 June 13        Orders for Consolidation received

 

1865 June 14        Regt embarked for Shreveport on Red River

 

1865 June 17        Going up Red River. River narrow and crooked. Alligators rampant

 

1865 June 20        Arrived at Shreveport and joined 18th N. Y. Cavalry

 

1865 June 21        I am assigned to Command of Co E

 

1865 July 3           Broke camp and marched to Greenwood 24 miles. Hot & dusty. Water scarce

 

1865 July 4           Arrived at Marshal, Texas

 

1865 July 5           I am to go ahead and buy beef for the command (5000 men). Find many rebels in their homes. They are glad the war is over.

 

1865 July 7           Marching towards San Antonio

 

1865 July 8           Horses giving out, and ordnance being abandoned. The Rebels having surrendered they are now at home. I am buying bovines(?) on the hoof for $10.00 per head on an average. Made 27 miles today. Passed through Salem. The rebel women are very abusive to us and reproach the rebel men for succumbing to the "infernal Yankees"

 

1865 July 9           Arrived at Nueces(?) river.  2 years an officer

 

1865 July 11         Arrived at Palestine

 

1865 July 12         Marched 20 miles. Crossed Trinity River on scow ferry

 

1865 July 13         Arrived Centreville

 

1865 July 15         I am returned to my Company, because I have reason to believe, I did not keep the Colonel & his staff supplied with fresh meat gratis

 

1865 July 16         Command at Owensville(?). It is dangerous to sleep on the ground here by reason of snakes and centipedes whose bite is fatal

 

1865 July 17         17 miles of prairie today

 

1865 July 18         Crossed Little Brazos River

 

1865 July 19         Find the natives ignorant & ugly. No pretty women to be seen

 

1865 July 20         Crossed Brazos River on scow ferry

 

1865 July 21         Men deserting in large numbers because of bad treatment

 

1865 July 26         Arrived at Austin the capital of Texas on Colorado River. Many professed Unionists here.

 

1865 July 29         Marched to San Marcos

 

1865 July 30         Arrived at New Braunfels, a German settlement

 

1865 July 31         Arrived at Salado Creek

 

1865 Aug 1           Arrived at San Antonio an old Spanish settlement.  Many of the houses are built of mud or adobe and inhabited by Mexicans, Spaniards, etc.  There are several very old Roman Catholic Convents in a dilapidated state near by

 

1865 Aug 3           Encamped in the chaparral. Plenty of good spring water, lager beer, pecan nut trees abound.

 

1865 Aug 10         3 years service

 

1865 Aug 14         Out of curiosity visited a "gambling hall" today. Piles of gold and silver on the tables. Bullet holes in the walls.

 

1865 Aug 29         President of a Board of Survey

 

1865 Sep 1            Bathing in San Antonio river daily. Water clean & pure

 

1865 Sep 2            Detailed to Brigade Commissary. Declined

 

1865 Sep 11          Tendered my resignation

 

1865 Sep 17          Member of Board of Survey

 

1865 Oct 9            Went to Austin in command of Paymasters escort

 

1865 Oct 11          Arrived at Austin 40 miles

 

1865 Oct 14          Returned to San Antonio

 

1865 Oct 20          My Orders for Honorable discharge arrived

 

1865 Oct 24          Turned over company & Govt property to 2nd Lieut

 

1865 Oct 25          Took stage to Alleyton in evening

 

1865 Oct 26          6 hours to stage. Travel night as well as day, change horses every 20 miles.

 

1865 Oct 27          Arrived at Alleyton in evening

 

1865 Oct 28          Took cars for Galveston. Arrived at Galveston. This is a very nice place in the Bay from the Gulf of Mexico

 

1865 Oct 29          Took steamer Morgan for New Orleans. Paid $30.00 fare

 

1865 Oct 31          Arrived N. O. Put up at City Hotel

 

1865 Nov 1           Took steamer Julia for Cairo Illinios. Paid $40.00 fare

 

1865 Nov 7           Arrived Cairo

 

1865 Nov 8           Left for New York by rail, paid fare $36.40

 

1865 Nov 10         Arrived at New York. Since leaving San Antonio have travelled by stage 150 miles, by water 1400 miles, by land or rail 1300 miles

 

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