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Officers of the Continental and U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, 1775-1900 about Samuel W Averett Name: Samuel W Averett Rank Information: Acting Midshipman, Midshipman, Dismissed Service Dates: 3 Nov 1855, 9 Jun 1859 Military Branch: US Navy Officers (1798-1900) U.S. Military and Naval Academies, Cadet Records and Applications, 1805-1908 about Samuel W Averett Name: Samuel W Averett Year: 1858 Volume: Volume 350; 1857-1858 Record Set: U.S. Naval Academy Registers of Delinquencies, 1846-1850 and 1853-1882 Location: Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland

Birth:
01 Mar 1838 1
Death:
20 Sep 1896 1
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Full Name:
Samuel Wooten Averett 1
Birth:
01 Mar 1838 1
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Death:
20 Sep 1896 1
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Burial Place: Green Hill Cemetery Danville Danville City Virginia, USA 1

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Acting Midshipman Samuel Wooten Averett CSN

Birth:  Mar. 1, 1838 Death:  Sep. 20, 1896
Officers of the Continental and U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, 1775-1900 about Samuel W Averett
Name: Samuel W Averett
Rank Information: Acting Midshipman, Midshipman, Dismissed
Service Dates: 3 Nov 1855, 9 Jun 1859
Military Branch: US Navy Officers (1798-1900)

U.S. Military and Naval Academies, Cadet Records and Applications, 1805-1908 about Samuel W Averett
Name: Samuel W Averett
Year: 1858
Volume: Volume 350; 1857-1858
Record Set: U.S. Naval Academy Registers of Delinquencies, 1846-1850 and 1853-1882
Location: Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland

Samuel Wootton Averett (March 1, 1838 - September 20, 1896) graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy in 1859 and served on the screw sloop U. S. S. Wyoming in the Pacific Squadron of the U. S. Navy. When his ship put into San Francisco in May of 1861 and he found that the Civil War had broken out, he resigned from the U. S. Navy, made his way to New Orleans and, as a Lieutenant in the Confederate Navy, accepted command of the C. S. S. Watson, a towboat engaged in mounting the defenses of the city. He soon commanded a floating battery at Island No. 10 which was captured in April 1862. He was a prisoner until exchanged four months later. In October 1863, he joined the C.S.S. Florida which terrorized the Atlantic sea lanes before its capture in Bahia, Brazil in October 1864. Six months earlier, Averett had been detailed to carry dispatches from Bermuda to Richmond. His deteriorating eyesight, apparently a malady of many of the Averetts, made him less effective as a naval officer and the Confederate Secretary of the Navy sent him on leave to "Sedge Hill", the Averett family home in Halifax County where he suffered from a near fatal bout with typhoid fever and a partial loss of vision in one eye. His convalescence lasted until after the War when he secured a job as a teacher at the Culpeper Female Academy under his brother-in law and Roanoke Female College founder, Nathan Penick. In 1872, he came to Roanoke Female College where he served with his brother, John Taylor, until he left in 1887 to become President of Judson Institute, later Judson College, at Marion, Alabama where he served until his death.

Samuel Wooten Averett (1887-1896). During his tenure, Averett led a revision of the curriculum; women were first appointed as principals of academic departments, and Judson Echoes was introduced as the student publication of the Fidelian Society, an organization aimed at encouraging writing. On November 24, 1888, Jewett Hall burned to the ground, forcing classes to meet in rented buildings in Marion. The cornerstone of the second Jewett Hall was laid in May 1889; classes resumed in it the following October.Averett died suddenly in 1896

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Burial:
Green Hill Cemetery
Danville
Danville City
Virginia, USA [Add Plot]  
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CSS Florida (cruiser)

CSS Florida (cruiser) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search
CSS Florida Career Name: CSS Florida Launched: 1862 Commissioned: August 17, 1862 Decommissioned: October 7, 1864 Fate: Captured by United States; sunk in collision November 28, 1864 General characteristics Length: 191 ft (58 m) Beam: 27 ft 2 in (8.28 m) Draft: 13 ft (4.0 m) Propulsion: Sails and steam engine Speed: 9.5 knots (18 km/h) under steam, 12 knots (22 km/h) under sail Complement: 146 officers and men Armament: 6 x 6 in (152 mm) rifled cannons, 2 x 7 in (178 mm) rifled cannons, 1 x 12 pounder (5 kg) cannon For other ships named Florida, see CSS Florida.

CSS Florida was a cruiser in the Confederate States Navy.

Florida was built by the British firm of William C. Miller & Sons of Toxteth, Liverpool, and purchased by the Confederacy from Fawcett, Preston & Co., also of Liverpool, who engined her. Known in the shipyard as Oreto and initially called by the Confederates Manassas, the first of the foreign-built commerce raiders was commissioned Florida. Union records long continued to refer to her as Oreto or to confuse her with CSS Alabama although, fitted with two funnels, she was readily distinguishable from single-stacked Alabama.

Florida departed England on March 22, 1862 for Nassau, Bahamas, to coal and contrived to fill her bunkers, although entitled only to enough to make the nearest Confederate port. She was the subject of much diplomatic correspondence.[1] The governor of Nassau drew the line, however, at an attempted rendezvous with her tender in Nassau harbor; so she transferred stores and arms at isolated Green Cay. There she commissioned as Florida on August 17, with veteran Lieutenant John Newland Maffitt, CSN, in command. During her outfit, yellow fever raged among her crew, in 5 days reducing her effective force to one fireman and four deckhands. In desperate plight, she ran across to Cuba. There in Cárdenas, Maffitt too was stricken with the dreaded disease.

In this condition, against all probability, the intrepid Maffitt sailed her from Cárdenas to Mobile, Alabama. In an audacious dash the "Prince of Privateers" braved a hail of projectiles from the Union blockaders and raced through them to anchor beneath the guns of Fort Morgan for a hero's welcome by Mobile. Florida had been unable to fight back not only because of sickness but because rammers, sights, beds, locks and quoins had, inadvertently, not been loaded in the Bahamas. Having taken stores and gun accessories she lacked, along with added crew members, Florida escaped to sea on January 16, 1863 under Captain John Newland Maffitt.[2]

After coaling at Nassau, she spent 6 months off North and South America and in the West Indies, with calls at neutral ports, all the while making captures and eluding the large Federal squadron pursuing her.

Florida sailed 27 July from Bermuda for Brest, France where she lay in the French government dock from August 23, 1863 to February 12, 1864. There, broken in health, Maffitt relinquished command to Lieutenant Charles Manigault Morris. Departing for the West Indies, Florida bunkered at Barbados, although the 3 months specified by British law had not elapsed since last coaling at a British Empire port. She then skirted the U.S. coast, sailed east to Tenerife in the Canaries and thence to Bahia, Brazil, arriving October 4, 1864.

Anchored in the Brazilian haven, on October 7 Florida, while her captain was ashore with half his crew, was caught defenseless in an illegal night attack by Commander Napoleon Collins of USS Wachusett. Towed to sea, she was sent to the United States as a prize despite Brazil's protests at this clear violation of their sovereignty. Commander Collins was court-martialed and was convicted of violating Brazilian territorial rights, but the verdict was set aside by Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles; Collins won fame and eventual promotion for his daring.

At Newport News, Virginia on November 28, 1864, Florida reached the end of her strange career when she sank under dubious circumstances after a collision with the USAT Alliance, a troop ferry. The sinking was most likely done at Admiral David Dixon Porter's encouragement, if not his orders. The Florida could therefore not be delivered to Brazil in satisfaction of the final court order, and could not rejoin the ranks of the Confederate Navy.

Florida captured 37 prizes during her impressive career; her prizes CSS Tacony and CSS Clarence in turn took 23 more.

Today, many of the artifacts from CSS Florida are at the Hampton Roads Naval Museum [1].

 

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