American Civil War Regiments
86th Infantry Regiment Indiana
Date of Organization:
4 Sep 1862
6 Jun 1865
Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded:
Officers Died of Disease or Accident:
Enlisted Killed or Mortally Wounded:
Enlisted Died of Disease or Accident:
Regimental Soldiers and History:
List of SoldiersRegimental History
Eighty-sixth Infantry INDIANA
Eighty-sixth Infantry. -- Cols., Orville S. Hamilton, George
F. Dick Lieut.-Cols., Dixon Fleming, George F. Dick, Jasper
M. Dresser, Jacob C. Dick; Majs., Jasper M. Dresser, Jacob C.
Dick, Philip Gemmer.
This regiment was organized at Lafayette, was mustered in
Sept. 4, 1862, and was hurried to Covington to assist in
repelling the threatened invasion of Kirby Smith's forces.
It left for Louisville on the 20th, was assigned to the 14th
brigade, 5th division, Army of the Ohio, and was in pursuit of
Bragg for two months, reaching Nashville Nov. 26.
When the Army of the Cumberland was formed the regiment was
assigned to the 2nd brigade, 3rd division, 21st corps, and in
the battle of Stone's River it was on the left wing. It was
with the division that saved the right from rout, bringing
victory out of defeat, and drove the enemy nearly a mile.
It remained at Murfreesboro until the movement was made
towards Chattanooga, was actively engaged at Chickamauga and
after the battle was assigned to the 3rd brigade, 3rd
division, 4th corps, with which it was in the storming column
at Missionary Ridge the men sweeping up the cliff-like hill
and into the works with irresistible force, capturing hundreds
of prisoners and 11 pieces of artillery.
The regiment passed the winter in east Tennessee on various
expeditions and scouting trips, and rejoined its corps near
Chattanooga in April, 1864. It moved in the Atlanta campaign
and participated at Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Adairsville,
Kingston, Pickett's Mills, Kennesaw Mountain, Chattahoochee
River, Peachtree Creek, the siege of and battle at Atlanta,
Jonesboro and Lovejoy's Station Sept. 2.
It moved towards Chattanooga in pursuit of Hood as far as
Gaylesville, when its corps was assigned to Gen. Thomas'
command, and it was in the engagements at Franklin and
Nashville. It joined in the pursuit as far as Huntsville,
Ala., where it remained until Mar. 15, 1865, and then moved to
East Tennessee, marching to New Market and Jonesboro, thence
to Nashville, which place was reached April 27.
It remained in camp at Nashville until June 6, when it was
The original strength was 958; gain by recruits, 41; total,
999. Loss by death, 241; desertion, 48; unaccounted for, 1.
Source: Union Army, vol. 3, p. 165
Stone's River after battle report:
Report of Lieut. Col. George F. Dick, Eighty-sixth Indiana Infantry.
HDQRS. EIGHTY-SIXTH REGT. INDIANA VOLUNTEERS,
Camp near Murfreesborough, Tenn., January 5, 1863.
SIR: I have the honor to report as follows:
My command arrived in front of Murfreesborough at 8 p. m. December 30, 1862.
On the following morning the regiment numbered 368, rank and file.
About noon of December 31, with the brigade, we were marched in line
of battle across the Nashville turnpike road, about one-half mile south,
across an open field to the skirt of a heavy wood, in which the enemy
lay concealed in heavy force. My regiment was on the extreme right of
the brigade. We were halted behind a fence at the edge of the wood, to
await the arrival of troops to come up to support us on the right, who
failed to come. Our right was totally exposed to the enemy, who
immediately attacked us in overwhelming numbers in front, our right
flank extending around partially to the rear of our right wing.
Our regiment fought bravely until their ranks were being rapidly cut
down and thinned, when we fell back to the turnpike road, where a
portion of them again rallied, with portions of other regiments of the
brigade, and drove the enemy back.
Our loss in the engagement was as follows: Commissioned officers
killed, 1; wounded, 5; missing 2. Enlisted men killed, 33; wounded, 54;
missing, 99. Total officers killed, wounded, and missing, 8; enlisted
men killed, wounded, and missing, 186; aggregate, 194.
Both color-bearers were shot down and the colors left on the field.
On the following morning we were marched some mile and a half across
Stone's River to the front, and placed in line of battle early in the day,
where we skirmished with the enemy all day, lying on our arms that night.
The next day we occupied the same ground, skirmishing with the enemy
till 3 p. m., when the enemy in vast numbers attacked the right of our
line, composed of the First and Third Brigades of our division, which
maintained the ground, fighting obstinately for some time, when they
were forced to yield to superior numbers, and fell back, when our
regiment fell back to a high piece of ground, near a house on the hill,
some 100 rods to the rear, where we again made a stand, again rallied
with other troops, and drove the enemy from the field, retaking and
holding our former position. Our loss here was 1 private wounded.
Capt.'s Frazee, of Company A; Dick, of Company C; Lieut.'s
Hixson, of Company D, and Gillilan, of Company I, were wounded in
the fight of the first day and compelled to remain at the hospital.
I take pleasure in saying that Capt. Philip Gemmer was present with
his command during the whole of the different actions, rendering
efficient service and aid.
Respectfully, your obedient servant,
G. F. DICK,
Lieut.-Col. Eighty-sixth Regt. Indiana Volunteers.
Col. JAMES P. FYFFE,
Comdg. Second Brig., Third Div., Army of the Cumberland.
Source: Official Records
CHAP. XXXII.] THE STONE'S RIVER CAMPAIGN. PAGE 603-29
[Series I. Vol. 20. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 29.]
Chickamagua after battle report:
Report of Maj. Jacob C. Dick, Eighty-sixth Indiana Infantry.
HDQRS. EIGHTY-SIXTH INDIANA VOLUNTEERS,
Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26, 1863.
CAPT.: I have the honor to report the following as the operations of the
Eighty-sixth Indiana Volunteers since the 7th instant, on the evening of
which it crossed the Tennessee River with the brigade at Bridgeport. The
8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th, as you are aware, were only occupied in
marching. Nothing occurred worthy of note until we reached Lee and
Gordon's Mills, and during the 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, and 17th nothing
occurred in our regiment that was not common to the brigade.
On the 18th, we were ordered out and occupied various positions in line of
battle with the brigade until evening, when we were left in line on the
left-hand side of the road about 1 mile north of the mills, where remained
with the Ninety-ninth Ohio and Thirteenth Ohio, all under command of Col.
Swaine, of the Ninety-ninth Ohio, until 2 p. m. of the 19th, when we were
ordered forward, and joined the brigade about 2 miles up the road, leading
to this place, and with it went into action, and came out with the following
casualties: 24 four wounded and 8 missing.
On the 20th, we went into action again with the brigade and came out with
a loss 1 killed, 13 wounded, and 7 missing; the regiment was considerably
scattered, and did not get together entirely until the next day [21st], at this
We rested in camp here until the morning of the 23d, when we were ordered
out on picket about a mile in front of our present position, where we
skirmished almost continually with the enemy until relieved on the evening
of the 23d. During the night of the 23d large details from our regiment
worked upon the fortifications, inside of which we are still stationed.
All I can say of the conduct of the regiment as a whole, during the
recent battles, is that it has done apparently as well as good regiments with
which it has been, and of individual officers and men, that many have acted
By order of Maj. J. C. Dick, commanding Eighty-sixth Indiana:
E. D. THOMAS,
Capt. CHAS. F. KING,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen., Second Brigade.
Source: Official Records
PAGE 829-50 KY., SW. VA., TENN., MISS., ALA., AND N. GA. [CHAP. XLII.
[Series I. Vol. 30. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 50.]Battles FoughtFought on 31 Dec 1862 at Stones River, TN.Fought on 1 Jan 1863 at Stones River, TN.Fought on 19 Sep 1863 at Chickamauga, GA.Fought on 20 Sep 1863 at Chickamauga, GA.Fought on 25 Nov 1863 at Missionary Ridge, TN.Fought on 27 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.Fought on 27 Jun 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.Fought on 28 Jun 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 22 Jul 1864 at Peach Tree Creek, GA.
Fought on 28 Nov 1864 at Franklin, TN.Fought on 15 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 23 Jan 1865 at Brownsboro, AL.