Youngest son of Jeremiah Chamberlain and Margaret Carmichael, of Grainger Co., TN. Upon his father's death in 1829, he and his brother Andrew inherited the Chamberlain farm. In 1833, Andrew died, and James sold the farm to David Tate. After moving to Johnson Co., MO, he married Sarah Runnels Barton there in 1841. Sarah was the daughter of Wm. and Hannah (Oliphant) Barton and a granddaughter of the pioneer Baptist preacher, Rev. Isaac Barton, and his wife, Keziah Murphy. James and Sarah relocated to TX in about 1849, living first in Travis Co. and later in Karnes and Williamson counties before settling in Burnet Co., where they spent most of their remaining years. They were the parents of 9 children: Wm. Jeremiah; John Tate; Thos. Andrew; Josephine C.; Louis Sumpter; Daniel Ninian; Lawson Watkins; Burkett Barton; and Cora. James is said to have built and operated the first cotton gin in Burnet Co., using the same premises as a school for the local children. He also served as sheriff.
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