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Barry's Battery aka Lookout Light Artillery

Information about the Lookout Light Artillery, later known as Capt. Barry's Battery, CSA, organized in 1862 at Chattanooga.

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Pictures & Records (25)

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25 Aug 1901.jpg
25 Aug 1901.jpg
Daring Deeds of Barry's Artillery written by Zella Armstrong, daughter of Lt. Armstrong. Published August 1901.
Spanish Fort Article pg4.jpg
Spanish Fort Article pg4.jpg
Spanish Fort Article pg3.jpg
Spanish Fort Article pg3.jpg
Spanish Fort Article pg 2.jpg
Spanish Fort Article pg 2.jpg
Spanish fort article pg 1.jpg
Spanish fort article pg 1.jpg
JMArmstrong Maybe July 22 63.jpg
JMArmstrong Maybe July 22 63.jpg
JMArmstrong 1862 Nov 20.jpg
JMArmstrong 1862 Nov 20.jpg
JMArmstrong July 18 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong July 18 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong1 July 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong1 July 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong1 July 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong1 July 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong4 July 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong4 July 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong14 july 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong14 july 1863.jpg
JMArmstrong18 Jan 1863 Pollard.jpg
JMArmstrong18 Jan 1863 Pollard.jpg
JMArmstrong22 June 1862 2 pg2.jpg
JMArmstrong22 June 1862 2 pg2.jpg
JMArmstrong22 June 1862 pg1.jpg
JMArmstrong22 June 1862 pg1.jpg
Barry UCV article p1.jpg
Barry UCV article p1.jpg
Barry UCV article p2.jpg
Barry UCV article p2.jpg
Senator Spencer Jarnagin
Senator Spencer Jarnagin
Father of Albert Lea Jarnagin and Gustavus Jarnagin of the Lookout Artillery.
Capt. Robert L. Barry
Capt. Robert L. Barry
From the Atlanta Constitution article announcing Captain Barry's retirement from his position as Supt. of the Confederate Veterans' Home in Atlanta.
William B. Daniel
William B. Daniel
Private William B. Daniel joined the Lookout Artillery in the Spring of 1864, at the beginning of the Atlanta Campaign. He was one of the youngest members of the Battery and remained until the company's parole in May 1865.
James Douthit
James Douthit
Letter from Captain Barry attesting to the service of James Douthit.
Page 1
Page 1
Position of Barry's Artillery between the Ponder/Potter/Powder House and the Union Army July 20-22, 1864.
June 1900 Letter
June 1900 Letter
Transcription of Letter from Capt. Barry to G. F. Maunz from Pension application.
Page 4
Page 4
Condition of Battery Horses
Unidentified Men
Unidentified Men
Photo from Tn State Library & Archives, THS collection. Unidentified group of men, location unknown, but perhaps what Lookout Artillery may have looked like at its inception. The men in uniform would have been from the Jackson Guard (7th AL Regt), a 12-month enlistment expiring March '62. (my vivid imagination)

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Stories

Letters written by Lt. Armstrong

Jackson, MS

JMArmstrong Maybe July 22 63.jpg
6 images

Lt. John McMillan Armstrong wrote letters to his family in Chattanooga & Knoxville, during the siege of Jackson, MS.  Transcriptions of the letters have been uploaded, along with letters written in the previous months when the Battery was preparing to provide additional support in the defense of Vicksburg, MS, during that siege.  These letters provide insight into the activities and morale of the Battery during the summer of 1863.

Engagement(s) 1862 Newspaper Articles, etc.

Chattanooga, TN; Shell Mound, TN

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Active in Defense of city of Chattanooga; then ordered to Knoxville, TN; while at Knoxville, ordered to Pollard, AL, where they spent the Winter. 

 

Captain Barry recalls:    The first engagement of this battery with the enemy was at Shellmound, Ga.  I was ordered by Brigadier General Leadbetter, who was then in command of the Confederate forces at Chattanooga, to send one 12-pounder gun to Shellmound to prevent the enemy from crossing the river at that point.  Lieutenant Watkins was in command of the gun, and was given the responsible work of sinking any craft that made its appearance.  He had quite a little fight with batteries from the enemy.  I cannot give dates, but it was soon after the battle of Corinth, perhaps the first of May.  The enemy did not cross, but went on to Chattanooga.  A few days thereafter Lieutenant Watkins returned to the batteries, to little Cameron Hill, and there for two days we had a hot cannonading fight.  After the enemy returned whence they came.”  [United Confederate Veteran, Vol. XXX located at www.archive.org)]

June 7 - Report in Georgia Weekly Telegraph, 1862 June 13 edition, p2:  Chattanooga, June 7, 8 P.M. – The bombardment has ceased.  It continued brisk at intervals until eight O’clock.  The enemy had three batteries in position on a high ridge.  They were replied to by a battery of two six pounders under the command of Lieutenant Armstrong, situated on the bank of the river, and Captain Barry’s battery of four guns, situated on the heights overlooking the Ferry.  Spirited firing between the sharpshooters was kept p on both sides of the river.  Barry’s battery lost one killed and one wounded.  Capt. Haines, of the Forth-third Georgia regiment, and private Stublitt, of Colonel Morgan’s command, were badly wounded.  Several others were slightly wounded.  A number of the enemy are known to be killed.  Our force engaged was not over five hundred, while that of the enemy was from fifteen hundred to two thousand.  Two of their guns were silenced.  The enemy are reported also at the mouth of Battle Creek below Shell Mound, twenty-two miles below Chattanooga, 8,000 strong.  They are building flats and preparing to cross the river.  Several of the latter have been destroyed by our shells.  The above account is reliable.  Late Northern papers report that a council of war was held at Nashville last Thursday, when it was resolved that a force of fifteen thousand men should be put in the field to retake East Tennessee.

June 8 – Report in Georgia Weekly Telegraph, 1862 June 13 edition, p2FROM CHATTANOOGA- The Savannah Republican publishes the following:  CHATTANOOGA, JUNE 8 – The enemy resumed the shelling of the town at ten o’clock today, and continued until noon, without any casualties on our side.  Two buildings were slightly damaged.  Our batteries did not respond.  The scouts that have come in from across the river report that the enemy have left for another position below.  They are expected to attempt to cross the river at Brown’s Ferry, three miles below the city and opposite Lookout Mountain, or at another point some four miles above the city.  They have a small steam ferry boat, which they have fitted up as a gunboat.  Our troops are in excellent spirits and confident of holding Chattanooga.  The enemy’s force consists of the whole of Mitchell’s command from Nashville and Huntsville, and are supposed to number 8,000.  Sharp work is expected tomorrow.      

June 9 - Report in Georgia Weekly Telegraph, 1862 June 13 edition, p2Chattanooga, June 9, Noon. – The enemy’s forces in the Sequatchie Valley, are reported to be 10,000 strong.  It is supposed they are preparing to cross at Shell Mound.  Scouts report seventy cavalry as having passed up yesterday to capture our steamer Point of Rocks, which was sent above.  They are looking after.  Mitchell is said to be with his forces opposite Shell Mound.  A number of contraband wagons, coming from McMinnsville to Chattanooga, and several discharged Confederates were captured by the enemy on Friday last.  It is supposed that the demonstration on Chattanooga may be a feint to cover some other movement.  All is quiet.  Several spies have been captured.

SOURCE:  www.genealogybank.com

Winter Camp 1862-1863

Pollard, AL

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Winter of 1862 was spent at Camp Pollard, where the artillerymen heard rumors that the Battery would be sent to Texas (see Armstrong letter).  While at Camp Pollard, Armstrong handcrafted a Chess set of Black Walnut and White Pine.  He taught the game first to the officers, then to the enlisted members of the Battery.  After that, Chess was the pastime of the Battery.   Lt. Armstrong's letter of Jan 1863 describes a review by Gen. Buckner and a party attended by the Battery.  [Source:  Grace Coile Armstrong Collection at TN State Library & Archives (TSLA)]

Additional Defense of Chattanooga

Amos Naman Bice @ Chattanooga, TN

Amos Naman Bice served a 12-month enlistment with the "Jackson Guard" March 1861-March 1862, organized at Stevenson, AL.  The unit reported to Lt. Frances Shoup at Fort Morgan, where they were designated as Co. G, 7th AL Regiment.  Members of this unit who later joined the Lookout Artillery include Bice, George A. Cook, John Burch Cook, Anthony "Tony" C. Douthit/Douthitt; & Michael Maunz.  Since Shoup was Chief of Artillery, these men probably recieved artillery training under Shoup, which would have been beneficial to the organization of the Lookout Artillery.

The following newspaper clipping is attached to the first page of the pension application of Amos Naman Bice: 

The Barry Battery

The battery of which Capt. R. L. Barry  was the captain, was composed for the most part of Chattnooga men, and began its career of battle on Cameron Hill.  The other commissioned officers of the battery were Lieuts. James Lauderdale, John M. Armstrong, John S. Springfield, and R. L. Watkins, the first only of whom at present survives.  It was in this battery that the first cannon cast in Tennessee was used, and the first shot was fired from this gun from Cameron Hill by Amos Bice, who was present at the meeting last night.  This gun was cast at the foundry of Thomas Webster and named “Olivia,” in honor of Miss Olivia Webster, now Mrs. G. W. Davenport.  The first work of the battery was in shelling the forces of Gen. Mitchell, entrenched at Vallombrosa, on Stringer’s ridge.  Service was also rendered in much of the campaign in North…”  Handwritten on the bottom is, “Chatt News” Sept 14 ‘04”  This is the only portion of the newspaper article that is included in the pension application.  [SOURCE:www.familysearch.org, Tennessee Confederate Pension Applications:Amos Bice Application - full application can be viewed at the source website]

Recruiting Notice in Newspaper

Knoxville, TN

1862 Sept 12 Chattanooga Daily Rebel, Page 2, Advertisements:  Artillery Recruits  Will be received.  My company is now on the Ky. R.R. near Knoxville, and will remain at this point for a few days – and if any of my friends wish to join my Company I would be glad to receive them while at this point.  My battery is well equipped and ready for action.  R.S. BARRY; Capt. Lookout Artillery.  Camp Lookout Artillery, Knoxville, Aug. 24, 1862.  [Source:  www.genealogybank.com]

Death of Patrick Henry Watkins

Tennessee

 

Patrick Henry Watkins was the eldest Watkins brother, born in Sept. 26, 1829, and husband of Margaret Evalyn “Evie” Armstrong Watkins (sister of Lt. John McMillan Armstrong).  He furnished substitute Mike Reilly for service in the Lookout Artillery.  On December 21, 1862, during a routine business trip to middle Tennessee, “Henry” Watkins became suddenly ill and died.  No doubt his death affected the members of the Battery.

·         CHATTANOOGA REBEL  MR. P. H. WATKINS.  Died, near Columbia, Tenn., on the [blank] day of December, Mr. P. H. Watkins, of Chattanooga, Tenn.  Thus has fallen in the prime of life a husband and father.  Mr. Watkins left home for Middle Tennessee in his usual health; was suddenly taken ill, and died among strangers; but in death, as in life, he gave testimony of his preparation to meet the last great enemy.  During a revival of religion in the Presbyterian Church, in the winter of 1857 and’8, Mr. W. made a profession of religion, and attached himself to the Church—a consistent member of which he was down to his death.  And though he died away from home, uncheered by the voice of affection from wife or child, he wrote with trembling hand to his wife, just before his departure, giving her the assurances of his preparation for a brighter world.—We mourn his death, but we believe our loss is his eternal gain.   T.H.M.  [Source:  Undated newspaper clipping in Grace Armstrong Coile Collection, TSLA]

 

·         CHATTANOOGA REBEL, 1863 January 4:  Another family is clothed with the escutcheons of Mourning.  Another domestic altar is shrouded with the black trophies of the King of Terrors.  Another home is desolate.  Another well known voice and footstep missed – a vacancy earth can never fill.  By the immutable decree of heaven we must die, and a thousand instrumentalities are employed to execute the fearful sentence.  The earth is deceitful; while we walk in its beautiful surface in the full enjoyment of conscious life, underneath our feet are the mouldy and sepulchral vaults of the vast Necropoli of the dead.  The larger part of the race are there, and we are going.  Exemption from death, as a reward of religious service, would be inconsistent with a state of probation; it would present a worldly and unhallowed motive, to prompt our acceptance of Christianity  a motive, whose influence upon the will, would destroy the voluntary character of our service, which only is acceptable in the sight of God.  For the aged to die when their work is done, is not strange, and should not be lamented; it is like a ripe sheaf being gathered into the garner.  But for manhood to die, in the meridian of existence in the acme of usefulness, is indeed grievous to be borne.  It shows the uncertainty of human life, and how inexorable in its nature of human life, and how inexorable in its nature and mysterious in its execution the sentence, “Dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.” 

·                   P.H. Watkins was in his 32nd year, just verging into mature life.  During a revival in the winter of 1858, in Chattanooga, he professed faith in Christ, and attached himself to the Presbyterian Church, (N.S.)  To attempt the portraiture of a christian’s character would be presumptuous.  It presents a harmesious development of elements, producing a symmetry of character, too nearly allied to God, to be ambrotyped in a memorial.  It is a grand moral structure, beyond the province and limit of human description.  We may select the most pleasing reminiscences from the fields of memory, for our structure, yet the picture, however vivid, wanes before the brightness of the original.  It is only a form without life – a soulless status whose unmeaning stare tells us little of the archetype.  This tribute of respect can only be interesting to those, whose memories are still replete with the remembrances of the one who is gone; whose influence is still felt, and whose words are yet fondly repeated. 

·                   Mr. Watkins war a mercantile man of steady business habits.  Upright and just in all his dealings, no man can impeach his memory with wrong.  There were no jarring or discordant elements in the constituent of his mind or should, he was always the **** kind, affectionate, and noble.  As a member of the Church, his attendance upon the ordnances God’s house and his worship was constant.  Those who know him best, say his social and private life exhibited a continuous scene of practical religion.  But family altar ad social duties were never neglected. – His uniform, constant, and unattested kindness, made him loved at home and abroad 

·                   He had been afflicted for a few years, but his general health was so far restored as to enable him to attend to his usual vocation.  His friends had ceased to doubt his ultimate recovery.  On the 16th ult., in company with a friend he left his home in Chattanooga, for Columbia, Tenn., to be absent only a few days.  He arrived in a few miles of his destination, at the house of Dr. W.J. Anderson, when he was taken ill with inflammation of the jawes, and died 9 o’clock 15 min. A.M., Dec. 21, 1862.  His disease was rapid and Death suddenly stood at the door and he must go.  The past, the present, the future – int Interests of two worlds must be scanned in a moment.  His death is rapid as his disease – no time to wait – he must die among strangers, denied the last kiss of affection from her he loved, and the last blessing of a praying mother.  His last tear, the prompting tribute to thoughts of home, must drop silently – unnoticed and unbrushed away.  Nothing but the cold eye of a common humanity falls upon his marble brow.  Life is ebbing – earth receding – a dying stranger!  He cannot speak; paper is lain near, and with dying hand he traced:  “Dear wife: - I write this line as I am dying.  I have little to think of but prepare; but I hope I will go to Heaven.  You raise our children to fear the Lord.- Tell Mother, Arthur, Richard, Elizabeth, an d Kate good bye.  I am in too much pain to say more.  Good bye my dear wife.”  The reader of that note can see him die.  His hand trembles still he writes – it trembles, still he tries.  His family cling around his heart; he makes another effort:  “Write to my wife and family and tell them how I died.”  He dies, and the dim, shadowy, contorted lines mark the degrees.

Brought suddenly upon the verge of life “with the light of eternity abiding upon his conduct, he was weighing his experience in the balances of the mortuary.  How near his kind wife, who had been the partner of his joys and tears!  How dear his babys he must now leave orphans!  How closely allied to his soul his mother, brothers, sisters – all!  What could break such ties?  But it was God’s will.  He bowed submissive – dismisses them with an affectionate “Good bye” – and is seen a moment, standing in ***fal subliity upon the Mount of Hope; a conqueror, with Jesus by his side – and all is over.  [Source:  www.genealogybank.com]

 

First Death in Battery

Knoxville, TN

See original Service Record on Fold3; Transcription:

November 9, 1862:   Thomas J. Ford  A Corporal of R.L Barry’s company of Artillery.  Born in Hamilton County, Tenn aged 3X years, 5 ft 11 in hich.  Light complexion, gray eyes, dark hair and by occupation a printer, was enlisted by R.L. Watkins at Chattanooga on the 25th day of April 1862 to serve three years and diedofPneumonia at Knoxville Tenn on the 9 day of Nov 1862.  The said Thos. J. Ford was last paid by Maj A. E. Jackson to include the 31 day of Aug 1862 and has pay due from that date to the date of his death.  There is due him 2- 9/30 mo …... $29.82.  He has drawn commutation for 1st 6 months.  He is indebted to the confederate States Eleven dollars 25/100 on account of clothing drawn.  Bal. due him = $18.67.  Given in duplicate at Pollards, Ala this the 26 day of Nov 1862.  [signed] RL Barry Captain Commanding Looking Artillery

Capt. Barry UCV Article

TN, MS, AL, GA

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Capt. Barry's brief memoir was published in United Confederate Veteran Vol. XXX, 1922, and was written by him in 1889.  Transcription attached.

Summer 1862

Knoxville, TN

In late June, the Battery was ordered to Knoxville, TN.  While there, Capt. Barry issued 80 jackets & 80 prs pants (frames 89-90) of Capt. Barry's records.  The Battery remained in Knoxville until early November, when it was ordered to Pollard, AL.

...all the boys got drunk, cost 25 cents...

Knoxville, TN to Pollard, AL

Diary entries made by William C. Brown on the Battery's journey to Camp Pollard, AL (see also John McMillan Armstrong letter dated Nov 1862 for description of travel) :

Nov. 10 started to Mobile.  Caught up with the company at Dalton, staid there all night, travelled by railroad.

Nov. 11 went on to Atlanta got there at 4 o’clock pm.  Went on to West Point, GA that night.

Nov. 12 laid over all day, all the boys got drunk, cost 25 cents.

Nov. 13 went on to Montgomery, all the boys very unruly.

Nov. 14 went on guard in the morning.  Moved over to Pensacola Depot in the evening. 

Nov. 15 went on to Pollard, staid there all night.

Nov. 16 went on to Tinsas [Tennsaw] Landing, staid there all night, part of co. went on to Mobile.

 

Camp Pollard Requisitions

Pollard, AL

Supplies received while at Camp Pollard in late Winter & early Spring include 3 bottles Castor Oil; 3 lbs Epsom Salts; 1 lb. Laudanum; 2 gallons Whiskey; 5 lbs soap; & 5 lbs tobacco.  [Frames 139-140 of Capt. Barry's service file located on Fold3]

Clothing issued on March 11, 1863, included 135 cotton shirts & 135 prs drawers.  The bottom of the requisition form requires justification for the requisition.  Capt. Barry's resonse is “…my men are in grate need of the above clothing”   [Frame 127-128 of Capt. Barry's service file located on Fold3]

 

 

Death of 5th Sgt M. Maunz

Pollard, AL

On this date, Johann Michael Friedrich Maunz, known as Mike, died of a fever at Camp Pollard. He was 5th Sgt.  Michael served previously in Co. G, 7th AL, a 12-month enlistment.  At the time of his death, he was 47 years old, too old for conscription.  He was a third-generation maurer meister - master brickmason and master stonemason - when he left the kingdom of Wurttemberg in 1843 for their destination of Ohio.  He was accompanied by his wife, Eva Maria Maunz, and their 7-month-old daughter, Magdalena.  Michael Maunz is listed as a stonemason in an 1846 city directory for Cincinnatti, Ohio.  Michael & Maria appear in the deed records of Jackson County, Alabama, in 1856. (The years of 1846-1856 are unknown.   They do not appear to have any other relatives in the United States.)   In 1860, Michael purchased 160 acres in Jackson County from the United States of America.  March 1861 he enlisted in the Jackson Guard (later designated as Co. G, 7th AL).  Michael's 14-yr old son, George Frederick "Fritz" Maunz, ran away from home and joined the Confederate army while Michael was at Fort Morgan in 1861, after his parents said he was too young to enlist.  Capt. Barry gave Mike leave of absence July & August 1862.  On the last day of Michael's leave, Aug, 1862, Fritz enlists in the Lookout Artillery at Knoxville, TN.  Fritz continues with the Battery until the parole in May 1865.  Mike's daughter, Magdalena Maunz, married John Burch Cook, also of the Battery, in Nov. 1862, at Knoxville.  The burial site of Michael Maunz is not known, but assumed to be near the remains of Camp Pollard.  

Newspaper Mention January 1863

Camp Pollard, AL

1863 January 28, Chattanooga Daily Rebel, Page 2, news article, The Senior Second Lieutenant of the “Lookout Artillery” – J.M. Armstrong, is desirous of procuring immediately thirty recruits to fill out the numbers of this battery organized in Chattanooga, and now stationed temporarily at Pollard.  Both Capt. Barry and Lieut. Armstrong are too well known in this vicinity to require any commendation at our hands, and every one knows that the Artillery service is the best service and stands higher in the army than any other.  By virtue of an order from the Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office, Richmond, Va., persons subject to conscription are now allowed to enlist in the Confederate States Army, to fill up present organized commands to their maximum number.  Persons now enlisting are entitled to all the rights, privileges and immunities of volunteers.

$30 REWARD - DESERTER

Camp Pollard, AL

1863 Feb 27  Notice in Chattanooga Daily Rebel, page 1, NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.  $30 REWARD.  The above reward of thirty dollars will be paid, for the apprehension of T.W. Earp, a deserter from Lookout Artillery, now stationed at Pollard, Ala.  Said Earp is about five feet, eight or nine inches to height, spare built, dark complexion, dark hair, dark or yellow eyes, about twenty-five years of age, very communicative, and rather fine or effeminate voice, features sharp.  His family resides at or near Trenton, Dade county, Georgia, about which place he may be lurking.  –R.L. BARRY, Capt. – Comd’g Lookout Artillery.  Pollard, Ala.

 

Relief of Vicksburg June 1863

Mississippi

The Lookout Artillery remained in camp near Pollard, AL, until late May 1863.  They departed Pollard on the morning of May 26 and arrived in Jackson, MS, on May 28, where they were attached to Buford’s Brigade, Loring’s Division under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston.  May 30 they travelled on to Canton, MS, where they went into camp 1 mile from town, preparing to reinforce the Confederates at Vicksburg who had been under siege since May 18.  Lt. Armstrong wrote:  “Canton Miss June 4 63  We are 40 miles from Vic [Vicksburg] & hear every shot distinctly  – the earth fairly trembles under the heavy terrific fire from 13 m mortars – we are ordered to take 2 days rations in haversack & 3 in wagon & we leave all our baggage & tents…”  June 5 the Battery departed Canton on foot heading in the direction of Vicksburg. Milo Scott estimated the size of the force, “Our all together about 12 or 15,000 strong.”  The following weeks were spent in camps along the Big Black River, including Moore’s Bluff and Beattie’s Bluff.  Company transferred to Adams’ Brigade on June 20.  Departing Beattie’s Bluff June 30, they travelled 32 miles on foot, arriving at Cainey’s Creek July 2.  The following days, July 3, 4, 5, were spent ”ready to move and in order of march” on to Vicksburg, until the early morning of July 6, when they received word that Vicksburg was surrendered on July 4 and the men were in immediate danger of capture by Federal troops.  See J. M. Armstrong letters written during this period.

 

Seige at Jackson, MS

Jackson, MS

”July  6thOrdered to march - heard that Vicksburg had fell – left camp at daylight and marched at a double quick for 5 miles, then on quick time until we had marched 15 miles in the direction of Jackson at 10 ½ a.m.Bivouacked in an old field and remained the balance of the day, and night, also.July 7 Left at 6 am and marched for Jackson –reached Jackson [20 miles] & went into camp at sunset.Rained like old rails all night.Was ordered out on Picket at 3 a.m.[July 8] and reached the outpost breast works at daylight, remained in ready for a fight all day but none came. [Scott diary]. 

July 8 went into the breast works, all quiet along the lines.[Brown Diary]

July 9 enemy opened fire on us at 8 o’clock in the morning.  [Brown Diary]

and firing commenced near the city at 7 o’clock & 45 minutes a.m. fired slow with but little damage all day. [Scott diary]

10th firing continued all day until thick dusk. [Scott diary]

July 10 heavy skirmishing all along the line with some cannonading. [Brown Diary]

July 14:  Dear Sister   I wrote to you yesterday a hasty letter because I was on special duty all day – and all night.  We hauled 60 cotton bales last night and put them in our breastworks, 30 in each & 2 guns.  In each place digging dirt & setting posts, until we got our works pretty secure.  The Feds did not shoot many cannon shots at us yesterday.  Constant skirmishing on both sides all day & night.  One man was shot through the breast.  He did not die but was expected to.  Several men wounded.  None of our men were hurt yet.  This is the 7 day since we have been in the breastworks with the harness on our horses all the time.  All communication is cut off & we get no letters from anywhere.  I have not had a letter from home in a month.  I hope all is well.  I am very certain you are in a more desirable place than I am in.  The federals made a charge on our left (Gen Breckenridge’s command) when they got close to our works our boys stormed them took 250 Prisoners, three Regimental stand of colors & killed a large number.  I do not know the exact casualties.

     Sunday the 13 about 9 o’clock in the morning the enemy commenced shelling the town & for ½ an hour there was the most terrific cannon duell I ever heard.  Our batteries replying promptly but not so rapidly as theirs.  They were too far off to do any damage or to shoot with any accuracy.

         3:40 o’clock PM

         An armistice of 4 hours from 12 to 4 under a flag of truce was sent to Gen Johnson & agreed to this morning to bury the body of maj Gen Austrahaus, 2nd in command to Grant on the Federal side.  It appears like Sunday to what it has for 7 days.  O that this flag of truce was for all time to come.  There has been no very hard cannonading all day.  During the armistes we buried a Picket who was killed Saturday and the federals buried several.

                I would like to have a letter from home but cannot see how I will get one.  Remember me in kindness to all my friends.  I will write again tomorrow.  Capt. Barry is rather unwell from so long & continued exposure to the sun in want of rest.  We have a trench to dig 75 yds long 18 inches wide & 2 ft deep to carry ammunition up to our guns this night.  No sleep for us.

                Farewell to all at home.  I am perfectly well.  I remain as ever – your true brother

                                                                                                               J.M. Armstrong

           The signal Gen announces the armistes closed & the ball opens again.

                                                                                                                Farewell JMA

July 15th -  Firing all along the lines all day – worked on our fortifications at night was molested all the time with sharp shooters, we also dug a ditch 80 or 100 yards long for the purpose of heaving ammunition through it. [Scott diary]

July 16th  Firing commenced early in the morning & continued until 12 o’clock when the Yanks made a charge in 2 columns.  We poned the shot & shell into them and made them scheedadle with considerable loss to them, then we shelled the neighboring woods & 3 or 4 Reg  made a change into the enemy killing, wounding & capturing a great no. – firing still kept up 40 minutes by use & slowly until night then we evacuated at 8 o’clock at night & marched all night. [Scott diary]

July 16 heavy skirmishing all along the entire lines,  at dark we began to withdraw from the fortifications... [Brown Diary]

"At dark we rec’ orders to roll our pieces back from battery by hand & hitch in as quietly as possible - All was done in so quiet a manner that the federals did not know we had evacuated the city until next morning...The troops moved off as silently as a man slipping off from an anaconda.  All came off to this place without any confusion & we are resting today – and making a recruit - & return of casualties – several men of this company lagged back & fell into the hands of federal cavalry & the Mississippians are leaving the army in crowds and going home O shame – 500 left the Brigade night before last.  Our horses are very much reduced by standing in harness so long without proper care and attention.  We are all moving in the direction of Meridian Miss – but I do know where we will stop.  We had no man killed only one wounded – slightly. [Armstrong letter] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supply Requisitions Fall & Winter 1863

Mississippi

Spec Req 3rd Qtr 1863 – issued 16 sept 1863 – 40 prs pants -103 shirts - 88 prs drawers - 23 jackets - 19 overcoats -22 caps -5 flannel shirts - 12 hickory shirts -           5 skillets & lids -  75 horse & mule shoes - 25 curry combs - 16 pairs shoes - 

“…many of my men are nearly naked and need the clothing on hand.”  [Frame 83-84 – Capt. Barry's service records on Fold3]

 

List of Articles  lost or destroyed in the public service in the field while in the possession and charge of Capt RL Barry during the months of July Aug and Sept 1863

No or Quantity  Articles                 Circumstances and Cause

1              Sorrel Horse       Left sick not able to travel on the retreat from Jackson

1              Sorrel horse       Escaped during the siege at Jackson

1              Mule                  Left sick not able to travel on the retreat from Jackson

1              Bay horse           Died of Collick

1              Black horse         Stolen from the picket rope

1              Bay Mare             Escaped from the pasture

1              Mule                     Escaped from the pasture

1              black horse         Died of Scowers

12            tents                     left on account of transportation and … captured

3              tent flies              ”              ‘               ‘               ‘               ‘               ‘               ‘

6              Bakers                  “

4              Ovens                   “

2           Mess Pans          “

Source:  Frame 47 -48 – Capt. Barry’s service records on Fold3

 

Requisition for ordinance Stores Fourth Quarter 1864:  4 haversacks - 8 single set wheel harness - 16 single set lead harness - 24 curry combs - 24 horse brushes -       24 lts axle grease - 31 haversacks - 17 knapsacks - “…that my battery has not been fully equipped since I came to this place & that it will be absolutely necessary to have the above articles.” Source:  Frames 33-34 Capt. Barry's service records on Fold3

 

Oct 30, 1863 – Special Requisition: 2 wagon sheets - 50 pair shoes -  8 tents - 8 sets poles - 70 pairs pants - 30 jackets -10 shirts - 12 pairs drawers - 10 over coats - 60 caps - 12 tin cups - 1 griddle - 12 bushels Char Coal

“…because the soldiers are in need of them not having been supplied with them” R L Barry   Capt – Lookout Artillery – Rec’d at Canton, Miss the 30th of October 1863

 

List of quartermasters stores of delivered by Lt. J. Lauderdale, Comdg Lookout Arty to Capt. ******** at Canton, 27 day of January 1864:  4 horses condemned as inserviceable

   List of Public Horses belonging to Lookout Artillery condemned by W. G. Poindester

No.              Color     Disease              Height  Age      Remarks          

1 - horse - Clay Bk - Hip Dislocation - 15        7          Blaze faced

2 - horse-Bay  - Blind                          15        10        1 white face

3- horse - Bay - Blind                          16        8          Blaze faced

4- horse-Bay - worn out                      15 ½    12        white hind foot

5- horse-Bay - worn out                      16        12       

6-horse-Bay-   Blind                            16        14        Hind feet white*[condemned]

7-horse-Bay     worn out                      15        10        Black mane & tail

8-horse- Sorrel-worn out                    15 ½    8          Star in forehead

9-horse- Bay - worn out                    16 ½    14     

10-horse- Bay- worn out                     16        12

11-mare-Sorrel-worn out                   15 ½    8          Star in forehead

12-Horse-Bay - worn out                    16 ½    15        white hind foot

13- horse-Sorrell - Blind & worn out  15 ½    10        Blaze faced*[condemned]

14-horse-Bay-worn out                      14        12        blaze faced*[condemned]

15-horse-Bay-worn out“                      15        12        4 white feet

16-horse-Gray- worn out                    15 ½    16       

17-horse-Bay -worn out                    15 ½    15        Bob tail*[condemned]

18-horse-Bay-worn out                    15 ½    10        Gray mane

19-horse-Clay Bk-Moon eyed           15 ½    9         

 1- mule-Brown-Blind                      15        20        Ears cropped

  I certify the above described horses was condemned by Lt. W. G. Poindexter A. I. G.                                                                                    J. Lauderdale, Lt.

                                                                                   Comdg Lookout Artillery

        I certify that I inspected and condemned the horses* above described and finding them unfit for good service recommended them to be turned over to the A.M. Dept.

                                                                                   W.G. Poindexter, Lts. A.I.G.

Source:  Miscellaneous Records, Lt. James Lauderdale on Fold3

 

Received at Demopolis -Spec Requisition 22 Feb 1864:

  -21 Artillery horses -21 Hoths [halters?] - 1 Ambulance - 2 sets ambulance harnesses -  “…to supply the place of those worn out and unfit for service”

Source: Capt. Barry's service records

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