UNION OHIO VOLUNTEERS
40th Regiment, Ohio Infantry
From Dyer's Compendium
Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, September to November, and mustered in December 7, 1861. Ordered to Eastern Kentucky December 11, 1861. Attached to 18th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to March, 1862. Unattached, Army of the Ohio to August, 1862. District of Eastern Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio, to October 1862. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Baird's Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, to December, 1864.
SERVICE.-Garfield's Campaign against Humphrey Marshall December 23, 1861, to January 30, 1862. Advance on Paintsville, Ky., December 31, 1861, to January 7, 1862. Occupation of Paintsville January 8 to February 1. Middle Creek, near Prestonburg January 10. Expedition to Pound Gap, Cumberland Mountains, March 14-17. Pound Gap March 16. Moved to Piketon, Ky., and duty there till June 13. Moved to Prestonburg June 13, thence to Louisa July 16, and duty there till September 13. Moved to Gallipolis, Ohio, September 13, thence to Guyandotte, Va., October 4. Moved to Eastern Kentucky November 14, and duty there till February 20, 1863. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., February 20, thence to Franklin, Tenn. Repulse of Van Dorn's attack on Franklin April 10. Harpeth River, near Franklin, April 10. Duty at Franklin till June 2. Moved to Triune June 2. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. At Wartrace and Tullahoma till September 7. Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign September 7-22. Reconnoissance from Rossville September 17. Ringgold, Ga., September 17. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Lookout Mountain November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Ringgold Gap, Taylor's Ridge, November 27. Duty at Whiteside, Ala., till February, 1864. Demonstration on Dalton, Ga., February 22-27. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23-25. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Tunnel Hill May 6-7. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge and Dalton May 8-13. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Adairsville May 17. Near Kingston May 18-19. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Allatoona Pass June 1-2. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Red Oak Station August 29. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Companies "A," "B," "C" and "D" mustered out at Pilot Knob, Ga., October 7, 1864. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Moved to Pulaski, Tenn., and duty there till November 22. Battle of Franklin November 30. Veterans and Recruits consolidated with 51st Ohio Infantry December 10, 1864.
Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 96 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 134 Enlisted men by disease. Total 237.
HISTORY OF MADISON COUNTY. - 499
FORTIETH REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.
The organization of this regiment was completed at Camp Chase, Ohio, December 7, 1861, and, on the 11th of the same mouth, it left camp for Eastern Kentucky, going by railroad to Paris, Ky.. and marching thence to Paintville, where it formed a junction with Col. Garfield, who was then moving up Sandy River. On the 10th of January, 1862, the regiment participated in the battle of Middle Creek, defeating Humphrey Marshall, and after that remained in camp at Paintville, suffering very much from sickness. In February, it moved to Piketon. where, in connection with a Kentucky regiment, it remained as an outpost until June 13, when the troops moved to Prestonburg. A month later, Prestonburg was abandoned. the Fortieth going; to Louisa, where it remained until September 13, when it left Louisa and moved to the month of the Sandy, and a few days after was ordered to Gallipolis, Ohio. On the 4th of October, it moved to Guyandotte, W. Va., and, November 14, was again ordered into Eastern Kentucky.
The regiment started for Nashville, Tenn., February 20, 1863, and, on its arrival was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Reserve Corps, then at Franklin, which point the regiment reached in March in time to take part in a forced march after Van Dorn. On the 10th of April, when the Fortieth was on picket south of Franklin, Van Dorn attacked the line with a large mounted force. but was repulsed by the regiment alone. The Fortieth moved to Triune. on the 2d of June, and, on the 23d, the reserve corps moved forward. forming the right of Rosecrans' army in its advance on Shelbyville. Wartrace and Tullahoma. The regiment was stationed at the two latter points until September 7, when the reserve corps pushed forward rapidly to assist in the movement on Chattanooga. The regiment participated in the battle of Chickamauga. losing quite heavily, and, after falling back to Chattanooga, encamped at Moccasin Point, opposite Lookout Mountain. and finally went into winter quarters at Shell Mound, Tenn., where four companies re-enlisted.
On the 24th of November, the regiment shared in the battle of Lookout Mountain. and behaved with great gallantry. It was in the second line of battle. and, upon reaching the rebel breastworks, was ordered to halt, by Gen. Whittaker, who was in command: but not hearing the order on account of the din of battle. kept right on alone, capturing two pieces of artillery at the " White House," several hundred yards in advance of the other troops. The right of the regiment advanced to near the Summertown road, but, receiving no support. were obliged to fall back. The gallant Fortieth felt much chagrined at the result. and claimed, that if properly supported, they would have captured the rebel guns and stores on the summit of the mountain. At the close of the campaign, the regiment returned to Shell Mound. On the 20th of January, 1864, the regiment moved, and, February 6, went into camp near Cleveland, Tenn. On the 22d of February, it started on a reconnaissance to Dalton, returning to camp on the 28th. On the 2d of May, the Fortieth marched on the Atlanta campaign, participating in many of the battles before that place, and being under fire almost constantly after reaching Dalton. Companies A, B. C and D were mustered out of service at Pilot Knob. Ga.. October 7, 1864. The remainder of the regiment shared the fortunes of the Fourth Corps in its pursuit of Hood, and in its retreat before him from Pulaski. In December, those who were not veterans were mustered out at Nashville. Tenn., and the veterans were consolidated with the Fifty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
After the consolidation of the Fortieth with the Fifty-first, the combined regiment was transported, with the Fourth Army Corps, to New Orleans, thence to Texas, where, at the town of Victoria, it performed guard duty for some months. It was mustered out of the service December 3, 1865, brought home to Camp Chase, where it was finally paid and discharged.
This company, called the "Buffenburgh Boys." in honor of Peter Buffenburgh, was
also organized at London, and mustered into the Fortieth at Camp Chase on the 30th of September, 1861.
Private John McPike