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Col Aldolph E Tokaz, 340thBG Commander
1943 | Africa
Col Adolph E Tokaz was the Original Commanding Officer of the 340th Bomb Group
***** Major Adolph Tokaz stood up the 340th Bomb Group on August 20, 1942 and became its first commanding officer on September 2, 1942. Maj. Tokaz and Lt Fields were at a meeting in the tiny office of Colonel Robert Knapp, base commander of Columbia Army Air Base on September 3, 1943 where Col Knapp handed Maj Tokaz the orders making official the 340th Bomb Group. Col Tokaz was replaced in late September by Colonel William Mills of the historic 17th Bomb Group from which the Doolittle Raiders were drawn. Maj Tokaz became his executive officer and later operations officer. Col Mills was KIA in North Africa on May 6, 1943 and Col Tokaz again became commanding officer of the 340th Bomb Group on May 7, 1943.
340th Bombardment Group History
The 340th Bombardment Group (Medium) was established on August 10, 1942 and activated on August 20, 1942. The group trained with B-25 Mitchell medium bombers manufactured by North American Aviation. The 340th air echelon flew their B-25s via Ascension Island on the South Atlantic route to Accra on the Gold Coast and the Central African route through Maidurgi, Nigeria and Khartoum, Sudan. The group arrived in the Middle East at Cairo, Egypt in late March of 1943.
Within the official United States Army Air Force organization, the 340th was assigned to the 9th Air Force which was a sub-command of the British Royal Air Force (RAF) Middle East Command. RAF Middle East Command was itself, a major sub-command of the Mediterranean Air Command (MAC), the official Allied air force organization in the North African and Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO). However, for combat, the 340th Bomb Group operated within the Tactical Bomber Force of the Northwest African Tactical Air Force (NATAF). NATAF was a sub-command of the Northwest African Air Forces (NAAF) which like RAF Middle East Command, was a separate sub-command of MAC. On August 22, 1943, the 340th was transferred from the 9th to the 12th Air Force. On December 10, 1943, MAC was disbanded and the 340th became part of the Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force in the newly established Mediterranean Allied Air Forces which persisted in the MTO until the end of the war in Europe.
The 340th flew combat missions between April of 1943 and April of 1945. The first missions were flown with the experienced 12th Bombardment Group in tactical support of the British 8th Army. Typical targets were airfields, railroads, bridges, road junctions, supply depots, gun emplacements, troop concentrations, marshalling yards, and factories in Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, France, Austria, Bulgaria, Albania, Yugoslavia, and Greece. Additionally, the group dropped propaganda leaflets behind enemy lines. The 340th bombed Tunisia in April and May of 1943; Pantelleria and Lampedusa in May and June of 1943; German evacuation beaches near Messina in July of 1943; the Salerno beachhead in September of 1943; the road to Rome from January to June of 1944; Southern France in August of 1944; and important lines of enemy communication and transportation in the Brenner Pass and northern Italy between September 1944 and April 1945.
The 340th Bombardment Group received a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for support of the British Eighth Army in Tunisia (April-May, 1943) and the Allied forces in Sicily (June-August, 1943). A second DUC was awarded for a mission that destroyed the light cruiser Taranto before the ship could be used to block the entrance to the heavily-defended harbor at La Spezia, Italy on September 23, 1944.
The 340th was returned to the United States between July and August of 1945; inactivated on November 7, 1945; redesignated the 340th Bombardment Group (Light); allotted to the reserve; activated on October 31, 1947; and inactivated on August 19, 1949.
Lt Col Adolph E Tokaz, 3 Sep 1942
Col William C Mills, 21 Sep 1942
Lt Col Adolph E Tokaz, 7 May 1943
Col Charles D Jones, 8 Jan 1944
Col Willis F Chapman, 16 Mar 1944-7 Nov 1945
AUS / AAC /USAF History
Col Adolph E Tokaz, C.O. of the 340th BG/MTO /WWII
1942 | Columbia, SC
TOKAZ, ADOLPH EDWARD
COL US AIR FORCE
WORLD WAR II
DATE OF BIRTH: 03/02/1913
DATE OF DEATH: 09/30/2001
TRAVIS PARK CEMETERY
TRAVIS ROAD SALUDA, SC 29138
Social Security Death Index
Adolph E. Tokaz 29206 Columbia, Richland, South Carolina, USA
Born: 2 Mar 1913 - Died: 30 Sep 2001
State (Year) SSN issued: Georgia (1956)
Adolph E Tokaz, 3601 Overcreek Rd, Columbia, SC, 29206-4355 (1987)
Adolph E Tokaz, 6527 Christie Rd. Columbia, SC 29209-2049
Adolph Tokaz, 1907 Wheat St Apt C: Columbia SC 29205-2241
*Mr and Mrs "TIK" Tokaz were married on 8 June, 1944 *********************************************************************************
Mrs. Frances E Tokaz, Birth Date: 17 May 1921
Address: 6527 Christie Rd. Columbia SC 29209-2049
Social Security Death Index
Frances E. Tokaz, 29206 Columbia, Richland, South Carolina
Born: 17 May 1921 - Died: 8 Nov 2005
State (Year) SSN issued: South Carolina (1962)
-- Frances Jones Tokaz, Death Date: 8 Nov 2005
Obituary Date: 12 Nov 2005, Frances Jones Tokaz
COLUMBIA — Frances Emory Jones Tokaz, 84, of Columbia, SC, died Tuesday
evening, November 8, 2005. Born in Ward, SC, she was the oldest daughter of
Harold C. Jones, Sr. and Iva Eargle Jones of Saluda, SC. Mrs. Tokaz was
predeceased by her husband of 61 years, Col. A.E. “Tik” Tokaz of Walpole, MA.
The funeral service will be held at the Mount Pleasant Lutheran Church in
Saluda on Saturday, November 12, at 1 p.m. The service will be preceded by
the visitation at noon. The service will be conducted by Pastor Eddie C.
Miller, Jr. The pallbearers in attendance will be Mike Moyer, Rhett Moyer, Hal
Moyer, Kelly Baldwin, Curtis Hensley, Chris Howe and Fred Meetze.
The Tokaz family will receive family and friends at the Columbia home of
Mrs. Tokaz at 3601 Overcreek Road on Friday, November 11, 2005, from 5 p.m. to
8 p.m. Mrs. Tokaz attended Newberry College and the University of South Carolina.
She met her husband when he was stationed at the Columbia Army Air Field on
March 2, 1940, and they were married June 8th that same year. She and her
husband moved frequently during his military career. They lived initially in
Columbia and then moved on to Hampton, Va,, Baltimore, Tampa, Yokohama,
Japan, New York, Albuquerque, Warner Robins, Ga., New Orleans and Washington,
D.C., until his retirement from the Air Force and their return to Columbia in
Mrs. Tokaz worked in Columbia initially as the administrative assistant to
the director of the Columbia YWCA. Later, she would work many years for the
Tapps Department Store with her last position as Branch Supervisor of the
Tapps Store at Trenham Plaza before her retirement. For many years she also
served as a substitute teacher at Spring Valley High School. Mrs. Tokaz was a
wonderful wife, mother and homemaker. She was very talented in her hobby of
sewing and making clothes for her family and friends. She was an active
member of the Columbia Gem and Mineral Society and along with her husband was a
charter and lifetime member of the Gem Club.
Mrs. Tokaz was a loving daughter, sister, wife and mother. Her kind, gentle
and understanding ways endeared her to all who knew her. She was surrounded
by those she dearly loved and those who loved her. Her children and
grandchildren will always remember her love and selfless devotion to them. Her
relatives and friends will always remember the love, loyalty and kindness she
had for them. Her values and memories will remain with us forever.
Mrs. Tokaz is survived by her sons, John Charles Tokaz of Playa Del Rey, CA
and Arthur Tik Tokaz and wife Jeanette of Huntsville, AL, daughter Terri
Jayne Tokaz of Columbia, SC, sisters, Sherry Jones Ash of Atlanta, GA, Ethelyn
Jones Moyer and husband Everett of Gilbert, SC and Doris Jones Baldwin of
Cayce, SC. She is also survived by 2 grandchildren, 15 nieces and nephews and
In lieu of flowers, memorials may be made to the Columbia Gem and Mineral
Society Scholarship Fund, P.O. Box 6333, Columbia, SC 29260 and the Celebrate
Freedom Foundation, 455 St. Andrews Road, Columbia, SC 29210.
The family would like to thank the staff of National Healthcare - Parklane
for their loving care and attention to our mother during her stay with them.
The Ramey Funeral Home, Saluda, SC, is serving the Tokaz family.
Col "TIK" Tokaz
1942 | Africa
Constituted as 340th Bombardment Group (Medium) on 10 Aug 1942 and activated on 20 Aug. Trained with B-25's for duty overseas. Arrived in the Mediterranean theater in Mar 1943. Assigned first to Ninth AF and later (in Aug 1943) to Twelfth. Served in combat from Apr 1943 to Apr 1945. Engaged chiefly in support and interdictory missions, but sometimes bombed strategic objectives. Targets included airfields, railroads, bridges, road junctions, supply depots, gun emplacements, troop concentrations, marshalling yards, and factories in Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, France, Austria, Bulgaria, Albania, Yugoslavia, and Greece. Also dropped propaganda leaflets behind enemy lines. Participated in the reduction of Pantelleria and Lampedusa in Jun 1943, the bombing of German evacuation beaches near Messina in Jul, the establishment of the Salerno beachhead in Sep, the drive for Rome during Jan-Jun 1944, the invasion of Southern France in Aug, and attacks on the Brenner Pass and other German lines of communication in northern Italy from Sep 1944 to Apr 1945. Received a DUC for the period Apr-Aug 1943 when, although handicapped by difficult living conditions and unfavorable weather, the group supported British Eighth Army in Tunisia and Allied forces in Sicily. Received second DUC for the destruction of a cruiser in the heavily defended harbor of La Spezia on 23 Sep 1944 before the ship could be used by the enemy to block the harbor's entrance. Returned to the US, Jul-Aug 1945. Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945.
Redesignated 340th Bombardment Group (Light). Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 31 Oct 1947. Inactivated on 19 Aug 1949.
Squadrons. 486th: 1942-1945; 1947-1949. 487th: 1942-1945; 1947-1949. 488th: 1942-1945; 1947-1949. 489th: 1942-1945; 1947-1949.
Stations. Columbia AAB, SC, 20 Aug 1942; Walterboro, SC, 30 Nov 1942-30 Jan 1943; El Kabrit, Egypt, Mar 1943; Medenine, Tunisia, Mar 1943; Sfax, Tunisia, Apr 1943; Hergla, Tunisia, 2 Jun 1943; Comiso, Sicily, c. 2 Aug 1943; Catania, Sicily, 27 Aug 1943; San Pancrazio, Italy, c. 15 Oct 1943; Foggia, Italy, 19 Nov 1943; Pompeii, Italy, c. 2 Jan 1944; Paestum, Italy, 23 Mar 1944; Corsica, c. 14 Apr 1944; Rimini, Italy, c. 2 Apr-27 Jul 1945; Seymour Johnson Field, NC, 9 Aug 1945; Columbia AAB, SC, 2 Oct-7 Nov 1945. Tulsa Mun Aprt, Okla, 31 Oct 1947-19 Aug 1949.
Commanders. Lt Col Adolph E Tokaz, 3 Sep 1942; Col William C Mills, 21 Sep 1942; Lt Col Adolph E Tokaz, 7 May 1943; Col Charles D Jones, 8 Jan 1944; Col Willis F Chapman, 16 Mar 1944-7 Nov 1945.
Campaigns. Air Combat, EAME Theater; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; Southern France; North Apennines; Central Europe; Po Valley.
Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: North Africa and Sicily, [Apr]-17 Aug 1943; Italy, 23 Sep 1944.
Insigne. Shield: Per fess nebuly, azure and argent, in chief two cloud formations proper, one issuing from the dexter and one issuing from the sinister, in base three stars of five points, of the first, two and one, all surmounted in fess, with an ear of wheat proper and a lightning flash, gules in saltire, an edge around the shield sable. Motto: Anywhere - Anytime. (Approved 12 Sep 1955.)