Union Provost Marshals' File of Paper Relating to Individual Civilians

1,471 views. Created by fold3_catalog.

NARA M345. Documents relating to civilians who came into contact with the Army during the Civil War, including deserters, thieves, and spies.

Search for images on Fold3 matching Union Provost Marshals' File of Paper Relating to Individual Civilians

About this page

This page is locked. Want to contribute to this page? Contact fold3_catalog

  • Original author: fold3_catalog
  • Created Date: 02 Nov 2011
  • Modified Date:
  • Page views: 1,471 total (13 this week)

Description

These documents relate to civilians, or "citizens” as they were called during the Civil War, who came in contact with the Army. They include correspondence, provost court papers, orders, passes, paroles, oaths of allegiance, transportation permits, and claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces.

The provost marshals who served in territorial commands, armies, and Army corps were military police. They sought out and arrested deserters, Confederate spies, and civilians suspected of disloyalty; investigated the theft of Government property; controlled the passage of civilians in military zones and those using Government transportation; confined prisoners; and maintained records of paroles and oaths allegiance. Provost courts were established in some territorial commands to try cases involving civilian violators of military orders, the laws of war, and other offenses arising under the military jurisdiction. They also tried cases involving military personnel accused of civil crimes.

Background

The series was assembled in the War Department from documents that were extracted from the files of Union Army provost marshals and from other records of Army territorial commands. Similar documents referring to more than one civilian constitute the Union Provost Marshals' File of Papers Relating to Two or More Civilians, M416.

Comments

The Provost Marshals' File of One Names Citizens is the index to M416 The Union Provost Marshals' File to Two or More Citizens. If the reference card contains a name and a number it refers to the 2 Name File (M416 is digitized on FamilySearch)

08 Nov 2013