Summary

of Burlington County, New Jersey and Greene County, Tennessee. Husband of Elize A. Garoutte

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Private 1
Birth:
04 Dec 1803 1
Burlington County, New Jersey 1
Death:
03 Jun 1872 1
Camp Creek, Greene County, Tennessee 1
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Charles Lovett 2
Birth:
04 Dec 1803 2
Burlington County, New Jersey 2
Male 2
Death:
03 Jun 1872 2
Camp Creek, Greene County, Tennessee 2
Burial:
Burial Place: Mt. Tabor Methodist Episcopal Church Cemetery, Greene County, Tennessee 2
Physical Description:
Height: 5' 8" 2
Eye Color: Black 2
Hair Color: Dark 2
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Marriage:
Elize A Garoutte 2
04 May 1826 2
Burlington County, New Jersey 2
Spouse Death Date: 22 Nov 1869 2
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Civil War (Union) 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Private 1
Service Start Date:
Nov 1861 1
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Occupation:
Brickmason and farmer 2
Religion:
Methodist 2

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Sources

  1. Contributed by mykellee
  2. Contributed by dseindc
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Stories

Arrival in Tennessee

Greene County, TN

The earliest documentation of Charles in Tennessee occurred on 26 November 1835 when he bought 50 acres of land for seven dollars adjoining the property of Archibald McAfee in the valley of the foothills of the Unaka Mountains at Camp Creek.  Archibald born 1783 in Pennsylvania is believed to have moved near Pleasant Mill, New Jersey to work at the Batsto Iron Works and married Elize’s older sister Bethia Garoutte.  In Greene County, Tennessee on 13 April 1825, Archibald purchased for $457 in cash 275 acres from John Sevier husband to Sophia another sister of Elize and established the Camp Creek Iron Works.  

Charles owned one acre of land in the north part of Greeneville that he sold on 25 December 1841 to George M. Spencer an architect from Ogdensburg, New York for $250.  There Mr. Spencer built a frame house on the foundations of a “brick wall from three to five feet high.... The brick wall formed a part of the basement.... Entering the main gateway a brick walk bordered on the left by boxwoods traversed the entire length of the lawn.  Another brick pathway turned right...”  According to his grandson Charles G. Lovett, Charles “bought a tract of land at the head of Camp Creek...200 acres from Jacob Bowman, Executor of the estate of John Bowman, December 3, 1842...When my grandfather bought the Camp Creek Farm it was rank forest.  There were bear, deer and snakes.  My Grandmother carried scissors around her neck and clipped off two different black—racer black [sic] snakes from her body.  Lester Price a grandson of Jasper Price, lives in the old home my grandfather built and he [Charles] had a brick built oven where grandmother baked her pies and cakes and a brick kitchen in her yard.  Grandfather also had a brick barn where I fed my horse at noon when I carried the mail from 1901 to 1904.”  In 1850 Charles’ son—in—law and fellow brick mason Elbert Murphy was living next to them.

Other than the brick homes built at Camp Creek near the Lovett brick kilns there was another antebellum structure built by Charles, Senior, of which there is evidence the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.  “During the early 1800s the Methodists had questioned slavery and in 1816 went on record as condemning slavery and refusing to allow slaveholders to hold office or ministerial positions in the church.  This position was not popular with slaveholders but was not really enforced until the 1840s when the church began expelling popular ministers.  At the General Conference of 1845 the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States separated into the Methodist Church, South and the Methodist Church, North (The word North was never really used in this title).  This allowed the Southern church to refrain from saying that slavery was a sin and to continue to participate in all activities of the church.  The Holston [Tennessee] Conference in 1845 voted to adhere to the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.” In 1852 one of John A. Maloney’s slaves angry with his master burned down the frame church built in 1849 on Main Street in Greeneville on property purchased from John Dickson.  On 18 October 1852 the Trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South resolved to build a new brick church on the site, “Mr. Lovett was the builder.  The same building committee became “financially embarrassed” and the new brick church was held by Circuit Court order for a debt of $200.  Contractor Lovett purchased it and Mrs. Lovett later sold it back to the Trustees for the $200 plus court costs.”

 

Military Service

Tennessee

When the state of Tennessee withdrew from the union and joined the Confederacy during the War of 1861 to 1865, the majority of residents in Greene County remained in opposition to that decision, many of her citizens made the hazardous journey north to join the army of the United States.  Charles Lovett “was enlisted in this county (Greene) with many others by Captain David Fry of the 2nd Regiment Tennessee Infantry [for a period of three years or the duration of the war] — was sworn in as a recruit by Fry and on the route to Kentucky in Lee County, Virginia to join his regiment as his Company was going up the mountain and were fired upon from below the rebels made a charge upon them killed, wounded and captured a number”.  Charles Lovett was “shot through the body the small rifle ball entering immediately above the hip joint near the spinal column passing upwards through the diaphragm remaining imbedded in the right lobe of the lungs and where it remained”.  These men were “captured by the rebels”, and afterwards released and taken home to Greene County, Tennessee.[1]  

He joined the First Tennessee Cavalry Regiment that “was originally organized as the 4th Tennessee Infantry at Camp Garber, near Flat Lick, Kentucky during November, 1861.  It was first reported in Official Records on April 30, 1862, as part of Brigadier General G. S. Spears’ 25th Brigade of Brigadier General George W. Morgan’s 7th Division, Army of the Ohio.  Other members of the brigade were the 3rd, 5th, and 6th Tennessee Infantry Regiments.  On May 21, 1862, it was at Cumberland Ford, Kentucky, temporarily attached to Brigadier General Samuel Carter’s 24th Brigade.  It left Cumberland Ford with Carter’s Brigade on June 8th and with much labor crossed over Pine Mountain to Big Creek Gap where the regiment joined Speers’ Brigade on June 18, 1862.  With General Spears’ Brigade it occupied Cumberland Gap on 18 June 1862, remaining for some time.  On July 28 a Confederate report estimated the regiment with 160 men at Cumberland Gap.

On July 30, 1862, General Morgan wrote ‘I have received the following telegram from Colonel Swords: ‘Governor Johnson telegraphed that the Secretary of War has advised the purchase of horses for Colonel Johnson’s Regiment.  Do you want them purchased’ I have no instructions on the subject of converting the 4th Tennessee to cavalry.  Governor Johnson has authorized the organization of two other regiments of cavalry which would be useful.  A greater force could not be fed.  What action shall I take?’  To which Major General D.C. Buell replied: ‘No order for converting Johnson’s regiment into cavalry.  Best not to mount Johnson.’  The regiment remained in the Cumberland Gap area until the evacuation of that point by General Morgan on September 17th, 1862, and went with Morgan on his withdrawal to the Ohio River, and thence into western Virginia.  On October 12, 1862, General Morgan at Portland, Ohio, reporting on the organization of his forces, listed the 4th Tennessee Infantry Colonel Johnson, with 748 men.  On October 31, the regiment still reported in General Spears’ Brigade, then known as the 1st East Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, Colonel R.M. Edwards, which was also reported in Morgan’s District of Western Virginia.  Colonel Edwards’ regiment later became the 4th Tennessee Cavalry Regiment and should not be confused with Colonel Johnson’s regiment.  About November 1, 1862, the regiment was changed from the 4th Tennessee Infantry to the 1st Tennessee Cavalry Regiment.  At about the same time, another regiment of infantry was in process of organization under Daniel Stover, which became the 4th Tennessee Infantry Regiment but it had no connection with this regiment.  On December 28, 1862, about 800 strong not fully armed and equipped Johnson’s regiment was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky where Brigadier General Jeremiah T. Boyle was urged to take the offensive as quickly as possible against Confederate General John Hunt Morgan who had captured Elizabethtown, Kentucky, on December 27, and penetrated as far as Bardstown. Before such an expedition could be mounted the 1st Tennessee Cavalry on January 5, 1863, was ordered to Nashville, Tennessee, to join Major General William S. Rosecrans.  It reached Nashville January 28, 1863, where it was immediately engaged in numerous skirmishes with the Confederate cavalry forces around Franklin and Triune, Tennessee.  Until the organization of the Cavalry Corps, the regiment was attached to Brigadier General James B. Steedman’s 3rd Division, XIV Corps.”[1] “The State of Tennessee, County of Greene,.... Charles Lovett who enlisted in the service of the United States at Chimney Top Mountain in the County of Greene and State of Tennessee on the 15th day of November in the year 1861 as a Private in Company “I”, commanded by Captain A. Hammond, in the 1st Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry commanded by Robert Johnson in the War of 1861, [he was mustered in 6 December] and was honorably discharged on the 10th day of April A.D. 1863.


[1] Tennesseans in the Civil War, A Military History of Confederate and Union Units etc. Vol. I Nashville, Tennessee, 1964.

 


[1] Pension application Charles Lovett’s Military Service and National Archives Washington, DC.

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