Summary

World War I flying ace, Medal of Honor recipient. See Historical documents about him and more.

Conflict Period:
World War I 1
Branch:
Army 1
Birth:
31 Dec 1969 1
Columbus, Ohio 1
Death:
27 Jul 1973 1
Zürich, Switzerland 1
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Personal Details

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Full Name:
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker 1
Also known as:
Eddie 2
Also known as:
Fast Eddie 1
Birth:
31 Dec 1969 1
Columbus, Ohio 1
Male 1
Death:
27 Jul 1973 1
Zürich, Switzerland 1
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World War I 1

Branch:
Army 1
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Occupation:
Aviator, race car driver 2
Race or Ethnicity:
Caucasian 2
Battle Honors (WWI):
Aisne-Marne: 18 July - 6 August 1918 3
Champagne-Marne: 15-18 July 1918 3
Defensive Sector: 6 April 1917 - 11 November 1918 3
Meuse-Argonne: 26 September - 11 November 1918 3
St. Mihiel: 12-16 September 1918 3
Military Awards:
Croix de Guerre, 1914-18 (France): 3 Bronze Palm devices 2
Distinguished Service Cross: 6 Oak Leaf Clusters 2
Legion of Honor (France): Knight 2
Medal of Honor: 25 Sep 1918 2
WWI Victory Medal: 5 Battle Clasps 2
WWI Service:
Aerial Victories: 26 2
Branch: Army Air Service 2
Group: 1st Pursuit Group 2
Rank: Captain 2
Squadron: 94th Aero Squadron 2

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Stories

Newspaper Articles from WWI

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Newspapers from Gorrell's History

Photos from Rickenbacker's work in WWII

Page 1
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From the Air force photos

Medal of Honor Citation

Billy, France

Medal of Honor (Army)

The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to First Lieutenant (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Pilot, 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, Air Service, A.E.F., in action against the enemy near Billy, France, 25 September 1918. While on a voluntary patrol over the lines, First Lieutenant Rickenbacker attacked seven enemy planes (five type Fokker, protecting two type Halberstadt). Disregarding the odds against him, he dived on them and shot down one of the Fokkers out of control. He then attacked one of the Halberstadts and sent it down also.

War Department, General Orders 2 (January 23, 1931)

Distinguished Service Cross Citation

Montsec, France

Distinguished Service Cross

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, U.S. Army Air Service, A.E.F., near Montsec, France, 29 April 1918. Captain Rickenbacker attacked an enemy Albatross monoplane, and after a vigorous fight in which he followed his foe into German territory, he succeeded in shooting it down near Vigneulles-les-Hatton Chatel.

War Department, General Orders No. 32 (1919)

Distinguished Service Cross (1st Oak Leaf Cluster) Citation

Richecourt, France

Distinguished Service Cross

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, U.S. Army Air Service, A.E.F., over Richecourt, France, on 17 May 1918. Captain Rickenbacker attacked three Albatross enemy planes, shooting one down in the vicinity of Richecourt, France, and forcing the others to retreat over their own lines.

War Department, General Orders No. 32 (1919)

Distinguished Service Cross (2nd Oak Leaf Cluster) Citation

St. Mihiel, France

Distinguished Service Cross

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, U.S. Army Air Service, A.E.F., over St. Mihiel, France, on 22 May 1918. Captain Rickenbacker attacked three Albatross monoplanes 4,000 meters over St. Mihiel, France. He drove them back into German territory, separated one from the group, and shot it down near Flirey.

War Department, General Orders No. 32 (1919)

Distinguished Service Cross (3rd Oak Leaf Cluster) Citation

BoiseRate, France

Distinguished Service Cross

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Third Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, U.S. Army Air Service, A.E.F., over Boise Rate, France, on 28 May 1918. Captain Rickenbacker sighted a group of two battle planes and four monoplanes, German planes, which he at once attacked vigorously, shooting down one and dispersing the others.

War Department, General Orders No. 32 (1919)

Distinguished Service Cross (4th Oak Leaf Cluster) Citation

Jaulny, France

Distinguished Service Cross

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Fourth Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fifth Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, U.S. Army Air Service, A.E.F., on 30 May 1918, 4,000 meters over Jaulny, France. Captain Rickenbacker attacked a group of five enemy planes. After a violent battle, he shot down one plane and drove the others away.

War Department, General Orders No. 32 (1919)

Distinguished Service Cross (5th Oak Leaf Cluster) Citation

Villecy, France

Distinguished Service Cross

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Silver Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Sixth Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, U.S. Army Air Service, A.E.F., in the region of Villecy, France, 14 September 1918. Captain Rickenbacker attacked four Fokker enemy planes at an altitude of 3,000 meters. After a sharp and hot action, he succeeded in shooting one down in flames and dispersing the other three.

War Department, General Orders No. 32 (1919)

Distinguished Service Cross (6th Oak Leaf Cluster) Citation

Bois-de-Wavrille, France

Distinguished Service Cross

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in addition to a previously awarded Silver Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Seventh Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Service) Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, United States Army Air Service, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 94th Aero Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group, U.S. Army Air Service, A.E.F., in the region of Bois-de-Wavrille, France, 15 September 1918. Captain Rickenbacker encountered six enemy planes, who were in the act of attacking four Spads, which were below them. Undeterred by their superior numbers, he unhesitatingly attacked them and succeeded in shooting one down in flames and completely breaking the formation of the others.

War Department, General Orders No. 32 (1919)

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