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Today In History- July 1

The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.

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Washington D.C., USA

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U.S. Department of Justice created in important post-war legislation.

Washington D.C., USA

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Just years following the American Civil War, on July 1, 1870, the Department of Justice was permanently organized.  The act was a continuation of the Judiciary Act of 1789, with power still remaining for the Attorney General.  In addition, a solicitor was appointed to supervise the activities of the U.S. Supreme Court.  Eventually, the Department of Justice grew in cooperation with local law enforcement to act as a government security force.  President Ulysses S. Grant was adamant about the creation of this very elite organization.

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