Summary

Jonathan Thomas, my 5th great grandfather, was born in 1739 in Rockingham County, New Hampshire. Long known for his hunting and woodlore skills, he joined the New Hampshire Volunteers in military service during the Revolutionary War. He served as a sergeant in Captain Jeremiah Clough's Company under Colonel Poor. In his old age, Jonathan found himself in a difficult financial position and requested a pension from the government for his military service during the war. Jonathan was one of the sixteen Sanbornton men who rushed to the defense of Charlestown after the battle of Bunker Hill. He continued in the service of his country until 1781.

Birth:
10 Jun 1739 1
Northampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire 1
Death:
Jun 1824 1
, Kennebec, Maine 1
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Personal Details

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Birth:
10 Jun 1739 1
Northampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire 1
Male 1
Death:
Jun 1824 1
, Kennebec, Maine 1
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Birth:
Mother: Ann Merrill 1
Father: Jonathan Thomas 1
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Race or Ethnicity:
White 1

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Pension File Number

Washington D.C.

Page 1
As with all records of this nature, a file number is created to contain the supporting documentation.  The pension application for Jonathan Thomas is S35655.
Added by ldrew

Affidavit of Need

Freedom, Maine

Page 14
2 images
The initial document to start the pension application process.  It states the Jonathan was a "poor man and very needy of help".  It is signed by John Brown and Nathan Randall, Selectmen of Freedom.
Added by ldrew

Testimony of Personal Knowledge

Sanbornton, New Hampshire

Page 19
Philip Hunt's testimony that he had personal knowledge that Jonathan Thomas served in Captain Jeremiah Clough's Company in Col. Enoch Poor's Regiment starting in June 1775 and continued serving until December 1776.
Added by ldrew

Testimony of Personal Knowledge

Sanbornton, New Hampshire

Page 16
William Taylor's testimony that he had personal knowledge of Jonathan's service in the Revolutionary War, confirming that he served from June 1775 through December 1776.
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Jonathan Gage Supporting Statements

Washington D. C.

Page 17
2 images
House Representative Jonathan Gage wrote two statements supporting the credibility of William Taylor's written testimony as well as other documents enclosed in Jonathan Thomas' pensions application.
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Pension Payments in Arrears

Washington D. C.

Page 2
2 images
Certificate 6663 states that the government was arrears in pension payments to Jonathan in the amount of $74.35 as of 4 Mar 1819.  
Added by ldrew

Justice of Common Pleas Certificate

Kennebec, Maine

Page 5
2 images
Proof of need was required from pensioners.  Jonathan Thomas appeared before Justice Nathan Weston, stating that he had no property or other holdings of any value.  The justice notes that Jonathan was 80 years old at the time and had served in the army for one year and six months.
Added by ldrew

Proof of Residency and Military Service

Kennebec, Maine

Page 8
5 images
Chief Justice, Nathan Weston certified that Jonathan Thomas was a resident of Freedom, Kennebec County, Maine and that Jonathan swore before him that he was a "private soldier in the war of the revolution, against the common enemy for more than nine months."  Jonathan's signature is found on the document.
Added by ldrew

Value of Property and Estate

Kennebec, Maine

Page 4
2 images
As required by law, applicants had to prove their lack of financial viability.  John Davis, clerk for the Kennebec Circuit Court certified that Jonathan had no debts receivable nor property of any value.
Added by ldrew

A Descendants Family History Quest

Oakland, California

Page 21
In 1934, Fred Morse, a descendant of Jonathan Thomas sent a letter to the U. S. Pension Department inquiring about any information on his ancestor. He stated that Jonathan was a Sergeant in the military, and died in Jun 1824. He goes on to say that Jonathan was a "scout (hunter) through the woods of Maine".
Added by ldrew

Pension Office Reply

Washington D. C.

Page 12
A. D. Hiller, Executive Assistant to the Administrator of military pensions replied to the letter from Fred Morse.  The letter states that Jonathan was born in Hampton, New Hampshire although the date and name of his parents was not shown.  It goes on to say that Jonathan "enlisted for military service in June 1775 and served about seven months as sergeant in Captain Jeremiah Clough's Company, Colonel Enoch Poor's New Hampshire Regiment.  He reenlisted in January 1776 and seved as sergeant in Captain Jeremiah Clough's Company, Colonel Enoch Poor's Regiment in various skirmishes and was discharge the last of December 1770".
Added by ldrew

Where's My Answer?

Phillipsburg, Kansas

Page 20
Impatient to receive a reply to his inquiry about Jonathan Thomas, J. Fred Morse wrote a second letter to the U. S. Pension Commission asking for any information they had regarding his ancestor.   The reply from the Commission was sent on 15 December and thus the letters crossed in the mail.
Added by ldrew

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