8 Mar 1862 — Richmond County, North Carolina, USA
The life and family of Samuel Crouch 1829-1864
Samuel Crouch lived in Richmond County, North Carolina where he was raising a family. In March of 1862 he enlisted in a local unit going off to fight the Civil War. He was dead before Lee's surrender at Appomattox.
1 Jul 1863 — Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, USA
Company E of the 52nd Regiment of NC Troops takes part in the first day of the battle.
Jul 1863 — Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, USA
He is captured near Gettysburg on or about July 5th.
The departure of the armies on July 5th did not signal the end of the struggle at Gettysburg. Homes, churches and farm buildings were filled with wounded soldiers, left to the care of army surgeons, Gettysburg doctors and civilians. [From the Gettysburg National Military Park Virtual Tour under the heading "The Dreadful Aftermath" at http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/main-ms.htm]
Jul 1863 — Fort Delaware, Delaware
Samuel is confined on or about 10 July 1863.
Confederates were given a wooden bunk in a barracks, and were exposed to the elements.
Overcrowding and the swampy nature of the island led to infestations of lice, rats, malaria-infected mosquitos, and other vermin. Dysentery, small pox, and other diseases were common and even epidemic on occasion.
Many prisoners arrived with nothing more than tattered rags on their backs. Some were marched from the battlefield without shoes.
Above quotes from the Fort Delaware - History webpage at http://www.visitthefort.com/historyx.html under the "Enforced Peace Amidst War on Pea Patch" heading.
20 Oct 1863 — Point Lookout, Maryland, USA
Samuel was transferred to Point Lookout.
After the Battle of Gettysburg, Union authorities started sending Confederate prisoners to Point Lookout for incarceration. As the prisoner population swelled to 20,000 and more, a wooden walled prisoner pen was constructed on the bay shore. The rebel captives were held inside and were given only tents for shelter. Exposure, disease, and starvation took their toll.
Above quote from the Point Lookout State Park History webpage at http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/ptlookouthistory.html under the "Prisoners of Point Lookout" heading.
27 Dec 1863 — Point Lookout, Maryland, USA
Point Lookout MD Prison Camp records are archived at the William L. Clements Library of the University of Michigan in the Schoff Civil War Collections.
A receipt issued by L. H. James to Samuel C. Crouch is indexed, but this web site gives no details of the transaction.
Early 1864 — Point Lookout, Maryland, USA
The "official" version of North Carolina's Confederate roster was prepared by the NC State Archives for the centennial of the Civil War and is called "NC Troops 1861 - 1865, A Roster". Samuel's information appears in volume XII on page 457. This volume covers Infantry of the 49th - 52nd Regiments.
Samuel's promotion is dated simply "January--February" but does note "while a prisoner of war" and the location of his confinement.
10 Aug 1864 — Point Lookout, Maryland, USA
The date and place of death are given in NC Troops 1861 - 1865, A Roster as cited above, with the notation "Cause of death not reported."
Because of the topography, drainage was poor, and the area was subject to extreme heat in the summer and cold in the winter. This exacerbated the problems created by inadequate food, clothing, fuel, housing, and medical care. As a result, approximately 3,000 prisoners died there over 22 months. Besides chronic dirrhea, dysentary and typhoid fever had become epidemic at the camp while smallpox, scvurvy, and the itch had become quite common.
Above quote from the American Civil War - War of the Rebellion website, on the "Point Lookout Prisoner of War Camp" page at http://www.mycivilwar.com/pow/md-point_lookout.htm
Aug 1864 — Point Lookout, Maryland, USA
Although it is estimated that over 14,000 prisoners died at Pt. Lookout, at present only a mere 3,384 are accounted for as buried in the Point Lookout cemetery. Their graves have been moved twice since the original burial. They now rest in a mass grave under an 85' towering obelisk monument erected by the federal government. This was the first monument to Confederate soldiers! Huge bronze tablets circling this monument depict names of those so far recorded.
Above quote from the Point Lookout POW Descendants Organization website, on the "Prison History" page at http://www.plpow.com/PrisonHistory.htm
This website also has the buried prisoners' names which "appear as they are listed on the Pt. Lookout Cemetery Monument" according to the page at http://www.plpow.com/POWDead.htm
Samuel's listing is noted below.
Crouch, Samuel C., Corp[oral]. [Company] E, 52 N. C. [Regiment]
The Union did not acknowledge, if they were aware of, his promotion while incarcerated.
June 2, 1862 — Camp Mangum, Raleigh, Wake County, NC
Published in the Fayetteville Observer (Fayetteville, NC) Monday, June 16, 1862; Issue 2350' col. A.
52nd Regiment, NC Troops
Jas K. Marshall, Colonel
M A Parks, Lieut Colonel
J Q Richardson, Major
Jas M. McCorkle, Reg't Quartermaster
---- Coke, Reg't Commissary
Company E, "Richmond Regulators" of the same Regiment, as shown by the Muster Roll before some slight changes made by the Conscription Act:
B F Little, Capt
M S Austin, 1st Lieut
M R McDonald, 2nd Lieut
T R Baldwin, Jun., 2nd Lieut
W F Brookshire, 1st Sergeant
J H Nichols, 2nd Sergeant
R J Powell, 3rd Sergeant
T T Bostick, 4th Sergeant
M W Boroughs, 5th Sergeant
Isaac Gaitly, 1st Corporal
S C Crouch, 2nd Corporal
Seth Pool, 3rd Corporal
J G Watson, 4th Corporal
<see the complete listing of soldiers at http://www.ncgenweb.us/richmond/1862campmangum.html>
Non-commissioned officers 13, commissioned officers 4, total rank and file, 113
We are under orders to leave this Camp tomorrow morning for Kinston
Yours, &c., BFL