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The tidal wave of Swedish emigration began in the mid 1840s, when the first organized emigrant groups started to arrive in New York. These farmers destined to Iowa and Illinois were followed during the period up to 1930 by almost 1.3 million countrymen. Around 1910 roughly one fifth of all Swedes had their homes in America.
Why did they leave? Large families and generations of divided inheritances led to the fragmenting of farms into tiny land holdings. Poor soil was laid under the plow, and the cottages of tenant farmers and landless laborers multiplied. The population of some parishes doubled three times over. The labor market of the small, backward country was too limited. Many young people were therefore drawn down into the social swamp of Stockholm, ending up as beggars or prostitutes. Others read the advertisements about America. Beyond the Ocean a new chance awaited those who could save up or borrow some money, or get a prepaid ticket from a relative who was already lucky enough to live in "the Promised Land." During the era of mass emigration 1868-1914 more than a million Swedes emigrated, mostly to the U.S.
The emigrant route started with the train ride to the big port of Gothenburg, where the complete passage, such as Gothenburg-Chicago, of the British Wilson Line, which brought the emigrants to Hull in England. A train took them across the country to Liverpool or Glasgow; from there the Inman Line or some other company's ships sailed them to New York. The whole voyage Gothenburg-New York need not take more than three weeks in 1870. For most immigrants New York was just the half-way point. From the 1850s the railroads brought the emigrants straight to Chicago.
The wave of emigration passed through expanding cities like Chicago and Minneapolis. The labor market more and better offers to cash-less immigrants than the farm regions. This was especially true for the unmarried women. Therefore the industries of the cities absorbed more and more Swedish immigrants. Chicago became the center of the urbanization process. The population figures for Gothenburg, Sweden's second largest city, were at the turn of the century surpassed by Chicago's Swedish population, which was then close to 150,000. The Swedish Chicagoans became prominent within all walks of life. They were especially important within the building industry, a fact which is reflected in the saying that "the Swedes built Chicago."
Anders Kjellberg to Andrew Chalberg
Geneva, Illinois | 1888
Andreas or Anders Jacobson Kjellberg was born 1833 in Rydaholm, Sweden. He died in 1893 in Geneva, Illinois. He was the son of Jacob Mansson and Stina Jonasdotter. He married Sara Eliasdotter. Sara Elaisdotter was born 1839 in Rydaholm, Sweden; the daughter of Elias Jaensson and Anna Jonsdotter. She died in 1892 in Geneva, Illinois. Sara and Andreas are buried in Oak Hill Cemetry in Geneva. Their son Carl and daughter Emma are buried there as well. Plots: E47-C or E43-C.
Andreas was the first in his family to use the surname Kjellberg, a designation that he was a soldier. It doesn’t mean that he was related to other Kjellbergs. When living with his parents he is listed as Andreas and Anders in later Swedish church records.
Because he served as a soldier, he was granted land at Sold. Torp N=121, Horda, Sodrye in Rydaholm. Horda is a separate town today. Their eight children were born there. Anders Johan 1861-c1905, Emma Lovisa 1866, Tilda Marie 1868-1926, Frans Gustaf, 1871-1932, Anna Christina, 1873-1835, Carl Oskar, 1876-1926, Amanda Justina 1880 and a son who died shortly after birth in 1863, also named Frans Gustaf.
The three older children left for America 1883-87, followed by Anders, Sara and the younger children on April 16, 1888. On April 27th they departed from Goteborg for New York on the ship "Servia", stopping in Norway and Denmark on the way. They had 3 pieces of luggage for the whole family. Andreas left Sweden as Anders Kjallberg and became Andrew Challberg on arriving in NYC after a month’s travel on May 14, 1888. They settled in Geneva, Kane County, Illinois.
Manda is listed in the 1900, 1910 and 1920 census working as a maid in Geneva, Ill. Anders Johan settled in Geneva as well. He died sometime before 1910. His wife’s name was Emma and she was born in Sweden. Tillie is in Chicago in 1900 working as a maid. She married Frank Johnson in Evanston in 1904. They were in Chicago in 1910 & 1920, with another sister, Anna Cristina, living with them. Anna worked as a maid. Tillie and Frank Johnson apparently had one child who died before 1910. In 1930 Anna was living with Frank and Augusta. Carl’s name was changed to Charles and he is found in Geneva in 1898 and 1900 and in Aurora in 1918. He died there in 1926. These people had a hard time in both Sweden and America. They worked hard and didn’t live to be very old.
THE FAMILY OF ANDREAS JACOBSON KJELLBERG
Jacob Mansson was born 1800 in Rydaholm, Sweden, the son of Mans Jacobsson and Kjerstin Jonsdotter. He married Stina Jonasdotter November 12, 1823 in Rydaholm, Sweden. She was born 1799 in Voxtorp, Sweden.
Jacob and Sara lived first on a farm named Alabackshult that had originally been farmed by his parents. Their oldest children were born there—Lars Peter 1824, Maja Lisa 1826, Johannes 1827, Carl Johan 1829 and Ingrid Christina 1831. Andreas Jacobson Kjellberg was born 1833 on a farm named Slattenbrohult. Two boys died ages 3 and 6 others died November 2 1840.
Mans Jacobsson was born 1763 in Hjorsberga, Kronoberg, Sweden; died 1826 in Rydaholm. He married Kjerstin Jonsdotter, who was born 1772 in Rydaholm, Sweden. They had at least six children between 1794 and 1809: Jacob, Johanna, Maria, Anna, Martha and Mans.
THE FAMILY OF SARA ELIASDOTTER (KJELLBERG)
Elias Jaensson, born 1802 in Horda, Lunnage, Rydaholm, Sweden; died in Rydaholm. He was the son of Jaen Manson and Maja Olofdotter. He married Anna Jonsdotter (or Andersdotter) May 29, 1825 in Rydaholm, Sweden. She was born 1804 in Rydaholm. She was the daughter of. Anders Jonasson and Maja Jaensen. The name of the area where they lived when first married was called Lopaskog. Jonas Magnus and Lisa were born there. Their next location was Horda Sodrye and then on to Lindstorpet. There three more children were born: Stina Casja, Sara and Johan Peter.
Jaen Manson, born 1766 in Mansarp, Sweden; died 1823 in Rydaholm. He married Maja Olofdotter. She was born 1776 in Rydaholm, the daughter of Olof Persson and Karin Eliasdotter.
Mansarp was the ancestral village of Jaen’s family since the 17th century or earlier. This village is very close to Rydaholm. It is likely that Joen Mansson, son of Mans Jonsson and Elin Johansson were his grandparents. Jaen and Maja lived in Horda Sunnage with their seven children—Nils, Katrina, Olof, Sara, Brita, Jonas and Elias.
Anders Jonasson, born 1771 in Rydaholm, Sweden; died in Rydaholm, Sweden. Hemarried Maja Jaensen. She was born 1761 in Rydaholm and died 1831in Rydaholm. They lived in the Linstad portion of Rydaholm. Their two known children were Anna and Catrina.
Anders Tobiasson to Andrew Tubin
1891 | Evanston, IL
Anders Tobiasson Tubin, born 1832 in Norra Vanga, Skaraborg, Sweden; died Aft. 1900 in Radene, Sweden.. He was the son of Tobias Thobiason and Stina Svensdotter. He married Maja Greta Svensdotter in Sweden about 1860. She was born 1830 in Norra Vanga, Skaraborg, Sweden; died Aft. 1900 in Radene, Sweden.. She was the daughter of Sven Anderson and Maja Andersdotter. They had four daughters: Thilda Christina, Anna Josephina, Wihlemina (who died as an infant) and Augusta.
Anders moved from farm to farm several times after reaching age 18. At one point he moved to Klinkan, Edsvara where his mother was born. His occupation was crofter or torpare.
In 1860 they moved to a farm named Tornums in the village of Kvanum. This farm appears to have been reserved for soldiers. If that were also his occupation it would account for his moving constantly. Again in 1864 they moved to the parish of Jung , returning in 1865 to Kvanum. They changed farms in 1868 to Wagestorp. This is where Augusta was born. In they 1875 moved to the parish of Sjogerstad. From there they went to Radene. Anders and Great appear on the 1890 Sweden census in Radene annex. And their residence is Haggatorp. He is still working as a crofter. The surname is spelled Tobiaeson.
They left Radene through Goteborg to Chicago on March 15, 1891, arriving in NYC on April 18, 1891. They, too, brought only one piece of luggage. They are listed in the Evanston City Directory-1892 at 133 Oak Street. However, one final move occurred when they returned to Sweden by 1900. In the Radene census for that year they are renting a home at Lars Arvidsgarden.
Ancestors of Anders Tobiasson
Tobias Thobiason, born 1781 in Ransberg, Skaraborg, Sweden. He was the son of Tobias Andersson and Aanika Jonasson. His first wife died in 1817. He married Stina Svensdotter in 1818 She was born 1796 in Edsvara, Skaraborg, Sweden. She was the daughter of Sven Persson and Elin Olafson and lived on a farm named Klinkan until 1818. They lived on at least two different farms and had at least five children: Anna Greta, Sven, Thobias, Pehr, and Anders Tobiasson Tubin.
Tobias Andersson, born 1738 in Gaddenas Sorgard, Ekeskog, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1789 in Gaddenas Sorgard, Ekeskog, Skaraborg, Sweden. He was the son of Anders Torstensson and Ingrid Larson. He married Aanika Jonasson 1767. She was born 1744 in Ransberg, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1823. She was the daughter of 10. Jonas Mansson and 11. Ingrid Nilsson. They had seven children between 1768 and 1785: Ingrid Sara, Stina, Jonas, Annika, Anders, Lars and Tobias Thobiason, born 1781 in Ransberg, Skaraborg, Sweden; married Stina Svensdotter.
Sven Persson, born 1737 in Edsvara, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1814 in Edsvara, Skaraborg, Sweden. He married Elin Olafson, born 1757 in Edsvara, Skaraborg, Sweden; died Aft. 1824.
They had several children, one being: Stina Svensdotter, born 1796 in Edsvara, Skaraborg, Sweden; married Tobias Thobiason.
Anders Torstensson, born 1704 in Beateberg, Skaraborg, Sweden. He was the son of Torsten Andersson and Elin Andersdotter. He married Ingrid Larson 1729. She was born 1708 in Gaddenas Sorgard, Ekeskog, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1747 in Gaddenas Sorgard, Ekeskog, Skaraborg, Sweden. They was parents to Tobias Andersson, born 1738 in Gaddenas Sorgard, Ekeskog, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1789 in Gaddenas Sorgard, Ekeskog, Skaraborg, Sweden; married Aanika Jonasson 1767.
Jonas Mansson, born 1704 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1759 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden. He married Ingrid Nilsson. She was born 1708 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1762 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden. She was the daughter of Nils Jonsson and Ingri Swensson. They were parents to. Aanika Jonasson, born 1744 in Ransberg, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1823; married Tobias Andersson 1767.
Torsten Andersson, born 1657 in Beateberg, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1733 in Beateberg, Skaraborg, Sweden. He married Elin Andersdotter 1695. She was born 1665 in Beateberg, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1733 in Beateberg, Skaraborg, Sweden. Their son was. Anders Torstensson, born 1704 in Beateberg, Skaraborg, Sweden; married Ingrid Larson 1729.
Nils Jonsson, born 1679 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden. He married 23. Ingri Swensson 1704 in Odensaker. Ingri Swensson, born 1683 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1714 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden. Their daughter was Ingrid Nilsson, born 1708 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden; died 1762 in Odensaker, Skaraborg, Sweden; married Jonas Mansson.
Ancestors of Maja Greta Svensson
Maja Greta Svensdotter,
Maja Greta Svensdotter,
Sven Anderson, born 1777 in Saleby, Skaraborg, Sweden; died in Sweden. He was the son of Anders Svensson. and Casja Svensdotter. He married Maja Andersdotter. She was born 1793 in Norra Vanga, Skaraborg, Sweden; died in Sweden. She was the daughter of Anders Anderson and. Maria Larson.The child of Sven Anderson and Maja Andersdotter is: Maja Greta Svensdotter, born 1830 in Norra Vanga, Skaraborg, Sweden; died Aft. 1900 in Sweden married Anders Tobiasson Tubin in Sweden. They lived on at least two different farms: Boukane and Nyheman.
Anders Svensson, born 1757 in Synnerby, Skaraborg, Sweden. He married Cajsa Svensson born 1750 in Sweden. Child of Anders and Cajsa Svensson is: Sven Anderson, born 1777 in Synnerby, Skaraborg, Sweden; died in Sweden; married Maja Andersdotter.
Frank Chalberg marries Augusta Tubin
1895 | Evanston, IL
Frank (Frans) Gustaf Chalberg, born 1871 in Sweden (Rydaholm); died December 20, 1932 in Evanston, IL. He was the son of Andreas Jacobson Kjellberg and Sara Eliasdotter. He married Augusta Andersdotter Tubin September 13, 1895 in Evanston, IL. She was born 1869 in Kvanum, Skaraborgs, Sweden, and died April 27, 1934 in Evanston, IL. She was the daughter of Anders Tobiasson Tubin and Maja Greta Svensson, who are listed living near her in the Evanston City Directory in 1992.
Frank immigrated with his family in 1888 and came to Evanston in 1892. Augusta had come to Evanston by 1890, having immigrated in 1887. She is listed as a servant in Evanston City Directory in 1888-2. She lived at 236 Chicago Ave, Evanston, and worked for H.G. Powers. . Her parents immigrated in 1891. They returned to Sweden between 1892 and 1900.
Augusta left Sweden from Sjogerstad parish on June 20, 1887. She traveled alone bringing with her just one piece of luggage. She sailed from Goteborg with a stated destination of Chicago. She and her parents are the only three people in a collection of 1.3 million Swedish immigrants with the surname Tubin. Although they sailed four years apart, she and her parents all came on the ship, "Island". She arrived in New York on July 9, 1887 along with 735 other passengers. Her emigration records give her occupation as torparedotter. In Swedish Church records, on her immigration records and on the ship’s manifest she is listed as having been born in 1869. However, on all records after she met Frank her birth year is given as 1870.
In the 1900 census Frank and Augusta lived at 930 Wesley Ave, Evanston in and at 2326 Thayer Street in 1910. Frank built the Thayer Street house, along with several others in the neighborhood. Here they raised their children: Frank Gustaf, Gordon, Carl Linne, Margaret, John and Dorothy.
Evanston Review, December 29, 1932, p. 44 Frank G. Chalberg, 2326 Thayer Street died Tuesday night of last week. He was 61 years old. Funeral services were held Thursday afternoon at the residence with Dr. C. G. Wallenius of the Emmanuel Methodist Church officiating. Burial was at Memorial Park. Mr. Chalberg was born in Sweden, March 11, 1871. He had made his home in Evanston during the last 40 years. He was a member of the Vikings, Swedish fraternal order. He is survived by his wife, Augusta; two children, Dorothy and John, and a granddaughter.
Evanston Review, May 3, 1934, p. 58. Mrs. Augusta Tubin Chalberg, wife of the late Frank G. Chalberg, died Friday night at her home, 2326 Thayer Street, after a long illness. She was 63 years old. Mrs. Chalberg was born in Sweden, Sept. 6, 1870. She came to the United States 47 years ago and had made her home in Evanston during the last 45 years. She is survived by two children John and Dorothy Chalberg, both of whom live in Evanston. Funeral services were held Monday afternoon from the residence with the Rev. C. G. Wallenius officiating. Burial was at Memorial Park.