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East Carolina Indian School 1944 - 1965

In 1911, the Coharie asked North Carolina to provide Indian schools in Sampson County. In that same year, the Coharie established New Bethel Indian School in New Bethel Township, Sampson County. In 1912, the Coharie established a school in Herring Township, after the first year of which, the state stopped supporting the school. Following the precedent set by the Lumbee Indians of Robeson County, the Coharie established a semi-independent school system wherein North Carolina retained some oversight. While the state legislature rescinded its permission in 1913, it reinstated the separate Coharie school system four years later given the activism of the tribe and the assistance of its tribal attorney. Thus, in 1917, the East Carolina Indian School was built in Herring Township, and in 1942, East Carolina Indian School was established in Sampson County.

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Chapter  370 page 1
Chapter 370 page 1
In 1941, the state of North Carolina agreed to support an Indian school in Sampson County. Chapter 370 of the Public Laws of North Carolina, also known as the Indian School Act, was designed to provide educational opportunities for Indians in eastern North Carolina that had not previously been provided.
Chapter 370 page 2
Chapter 370 page 2
The Indian School Act provided for the State Board of Education to "establish a vocational and normal school" at any place it deemed suitable. This act would lead to the creation of the East Carolina Indian Training School (Jackson, 2004).
Chapter 370 page 3
Chapter 370 page 3
Indian leaders in Sampson County proposed to combine the student populations from Holly Grove and New Bethel into one school body.
Chapter 370 page 4
Chapter 370 page 4
Governor Broughton appointed six trustees to manage the school with at least two being Indian.
Chapter 370 page 5
Chapter 370 page 5
The Governor and State Bd. Of education were authorized to spend up to $10,000.00 the first year and up to $5,000.00 the second year for the establishment and operation of the school.
Chapter 370 page 6
Chapter 370 page 6
Late in 1941, the County board empowered the superintendent of schools to begin looking for acreage to house an elementary school at New Bethel. Sampson County became the logical site of a new school as it contained the largest population of Indian students.
Chapter 370 page 7
Chapter 370 page 7
Many of the recommendations contained within this Department of Public Instruction committee letter were not realized in subsequent years.
Chapter 370 page 8
Chapter 370 page 8
ECISDigitalHistory-5.JPG
ECISDigitalHistory-5.JPG
Due to the dilpatated conditions of the old school house at New Bethel, the county and Indian leaders proposed a new site as the appropriate place for the regional Indian boarding school.
ECISDigitalHistory-6.JPG
ECISDigitalHistory-6.JPG
The DPI committee believed that an elementary school should be built next to the new high school. Sampson county consolidated the students from Holly Grove and the old New Bethel site into one school building
Plant2.jpg
Plant2.jpg
Much of the funding for the East Carolina Indian School would come from the Julius Rosenwald Fund. Rosenwald made a fortune selling clothes and other merchandise to Sears and Roebuck.
RosenwaldFund.jpg
RosenwaldFund.jpg
Plant2B.jpg
Plant2B.jpg
The State hired the Interstate School Building Service at Peabody College in Tennessee to draw up blueprints for two options for the new Indian School.
Plant2C.jpg
Plant2C.jpg
The cost discrepancy between the two plans was substantial. The first plan would cost over $50,000.00 and would have been a state of the art building. Better than most white schools. Plan Two would cost around $15,000 but would still be a tremendous upgrade over the previous facilities.
Plant2D.jpg
Plant2D.jpg
List materials and cost for plan one.
Plant2E.jpg
Plant2E.jpg
Physical plan one consisted of twelve classrooms, a shop, auditorium, sewing room, library, bathrooms, and dormitories.
Plant2F.jpg
Plant2F.jpg
After both original plans were rejected by DPI plan two was revised to include four classrooms, a science lab, home economics room, an office, bathrooms, and a book room.
Plant2G.jpg
Plant2G.jpg
Despite the original estimates of $15,000.00 the ECI would cost over $23,000.00 to build. Not a large sum in context to white schools. But for the state and county it would leave a $10,000.00 debt. Despite serious delays in funding the school would be completed in the summer of 1944.
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 1
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 1
Includes East Carolina Indian School's budget
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 2
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 2
While the vast majority of teachers and administrators in Sampson County were white. The ECI school had several Indian's in positions of prominence.
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 3
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 3
These budget sheets show who taught in the school, what certificate they held, their salary rates, and the grades they taught.
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 4
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 4
Handwritten note also Includes New Bethel elementary school
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 5
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 5
Denotes salaries of teachers, amount of days to be paid for, grades taught, and provides a good comparison between white and Indian pay scales.
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 6
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945 page 6
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945
List of Bus Drivers for the school included in the 1944-1945 Budget for East Carolina Indian School
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945
Sampson County School Budget 1944-1945
List of Janitorial Staff
classdoors.jpg
classdoors.jpg
children.jpg
children.jpg
brooms.jpg
brooms.jpg
schooldays1.jpg
schooldays1.jpg

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