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International Space Station

(1998—2009)

The International Space Station, or ISS, is a joint venture of several countries that began in November of 1998 and is still under construction today.

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International Space Station

The International Space Station is a joint venture of several countries, including the United States, Japan and the European Space Agency.

Origins

The idea for the space originated in the Cold War.  In the early 1980's, the United States began development on a space station named Freedom.  It never made it past the drawing boards and component tests, however, due to budget constraints.  The Soviet Union was planning on constructing a new space station to replace Mir, but the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's prevented this.

International Cooperation

In 1992, then President George H.W. Bush met with Russian President Boris Yeltsin and signed an act that would move towards a cooperative space exploration initiative.

Life on board the Space Station

An overview of the life on board the space station.

  1. Sleeping in Space
  2. Hygiene
  3. Food and Drink
  4. Exercise
  5. Crew Schedule

Sleeping in Space

The space station is equipped with enough sleeping units for the permanent crew (up to six) and visitors can strap a sleeping back to a wall somewhere within the station.

Hygiene

The astronauts are provided with shampoo that doesn't need rinsing and edible toothpaste to conserve water.

Food and Drink

The food on the space station is frozen, bagged or canned.

Exercise

The space station is equipped with two treadmills and a stationary bicycle.

Crew Schedule

The space station uses Coordinated Universal Time (UTC, also known as GMT).  Since the orbit of the space station gives it 16 sunrises within a 24 hour period, the windows have to be darkened to give the impression of night.

Topic Details

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Canadarm2:
Launch Date: 19 Apr 2001 1
Columbus:
Launch Date: 07 Feb 2008 1
Destiny:
Launch Date: 07 Feb 2001 1
Dextre & Japanese Logistics Module:
Launch Date: 11 Mar 2008 1
Express Logistics Carrier 1 & 2:
Launch Date: 16 Nov 2009 1
External Stowage Platform:
Launch Date: 08 Mar 2001 1
External Stowage Platform - 2:
Launch Date: 26 Jul 2005 1
Harmony:
Launch Date: 23 Oct 2007 1
Japanese Exposed Facility:
Launch Date: 15 Jul 2009 1
Japanese Pressurized Module & JEM Robotic Arm:
Launch Date: 31 May 2008 1
Mobile Base System:
Launch Date: 05 Jun 2002 1
P1 Truss:
Launch Date: 23 Nov 2002 1
P3/P4 Truss & Solar Arrays:
Launch Date: 09 Sep 2006 1
P5 Truss:
Launch Date: 09 Dec 2006 1
P6 Truss & Solar Arrays:
Launch Date: 30 Nov 2000 1
Participating Nations:
Nation: Russia 2
Nation: Japan 2
Nation: United States of America 2
Pirs:
Launch Date: 14 Sep 2001 1
Poisk:
Launch Date: 10 Nov 2009 1
Quest:
Launch Date: 12 Jul 2001 1
S0 Truss:
Launch Date: 08 Apr 2002 1
S1 Truss:
Launch Date: 07 Oct 2002 1
S3/S4 Truss & Solar Arrays:
Launch Date: 08 Jun 2007 1
S5 Truss & External Stowage Platform - 3:
Launch Date: 08 Aug 2007 1
S6 Truss & Solar Arrays:
Launch Date: 15 Mar 2009 1
Unity:
Launch Date: 04 Dec 1998 1
Z1 Truss & PMA-3:
Launch Date: 11 Oct 2000 1
Zarya:
Launch Date: 20 Nov 1998 1
Zvezda:
Launch Date: 12 Jul 2000 1

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