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WHO WAS QUANTRELL?

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An Ohio teacher, who came to Kansas in 1857 to farm. 

Had been with Price at battle of Lexington, Missouri in September 1861. Quantrell left the army to organize his group of Partisan Rangers. His rides and missions are legendary. Most famous was the "Pay Back" at Lawrence Kansas on Aug. 21, 1863. This Northern born adopted son of the south has been called many things by both sides during the Civil War from a Savage Blood lusting murderer to Saintly Guerrilla fighter.

His comand was responsible for the massacre of over 150 people in Lawrence Kansas on Aug. 21 1863 starting at 5 AM and ending near midnight. At this point even the Confederate Govt. Washed their hands of this boy. Later in his service, he was trapped in barn close to Smiley, Kentucky by Edward Terrell and his cavalry detachment of hired assassins on the James H. Wakefield farm on May 10, 1865. While attempting to escape, he was struck by two Spencer balls, one in the hand, the other paralyzing him from the waist down. Transferred to a military hospital in Louisville, then to a Catholic Hospital in Louisville. He died there at 4pm, June 6, 1865. He was buried in the old Portland Catholic Cemetery at Louisville. In 1887, his mother had his bones brought back to Ohio. The man she paid to remove the body stole some of the skeleton, and years later, parts of it showed up in the hands of a Kansas collector. On October 24, 1992, his mortal remains laid to rest at the Old Confederate Home in Higginsville, MO, and re-interred in the Confederate Cemetery there.

William Quantrell joined the Confederate Army on the outbreak of the American Civil War. He fought at Lexington but disliked the regimentation of army life and decided to form a band of guerilla fighters. As well as attacking Union troops the Quantrill Raiders also robbed mail coaches, murdered supporters of Abraham Lincoln and persecuted communities in Missouri and Kansas that Quantrell considered to be anti-Confederate. He also gained a reputation for murdering members of the Union Army that the gang had taken prisoner. In 1862 Quantrell and his men were formally declared to be outlaws. By 1863 Quantrell was the leader of over 450 men. This included Frank James, Jessie James, Cole Younger and James Younger. With this large force he committed one of the worst atrocities of the Civil War when he attacked the town of Lawrence. During the raid on 21st August, 1863, Quantrell's gang killed 150 inhabitants and destroyed over 180 buildings. The district Union commander, General Thomas Ewing, was furious when he heard what the Quantrell Raiders had done. On 25th August 1863, he issued Order No 11. This gave an eviction notice to all people in the area who could not prove their loyalty to the Union cause. Ewing's decree virtually wiped out the entire region. The population of Cass County dropped from 10,000 to 600. Quantrell found it difficult to keep his men under control and they tended to go off and commit their own crimes. By 1865 he had only 33 followers left. On 10th May 1863 Quantrell was ambushed by federal troops. William Quantrell was shot and died from his wounds on 6th June, 1865.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Civil War Confederate Partisan Leader. The leader first of the Missouri Partisan Rangers, then the "Quantrill's Raiders" guerillas during the Civil War, he won renown for possessing excellent leadership skills, horsemanship and exercised unique warfare tactics. Born in Canal Dover, Ohio (now simply Dover) the oldest of 8 children to a father who labored as a tin smith, he was educated at Canal Dover Union School, of which his father was a Director and afterwards superintendent. After the untimely death of his father, Quantrill became a teacher in one of the lower grades helping to support the family. He went to Fort Wayne, Indiana, and furthered his education and studied Latin, trigonometry, philosophy and surveying. On returning to Dover, his journey to Kansas was consummated by his mother who arranged for neighboring farmers to purchase a Kansas claim in his name and then accompany them west. Upon the start of the Civil war, Quantrill joined the Confederate army. When the defeated Southern forces left the state, he stayed behind and formed his own band of guerrillas. Among them was teenager Cole Younger and Frank James, the brother of Jesse. Their revenge raid on the town of Lawrence, Kansas still lives today in infamy, for they killed 150 townspeople while burning and looting. After four years of operation, Quantrill and remnants of his raiders were cornered in a barn in Spencer County, Kentucky by a Union Cavalry detachment. While attempting an escape, a shot left him paralyzed from the waist down. He was transferred to the Federal military hospital in Louisville, then to a Catholic Hospital. Lingering for a month, he died at age 27. He had made arrangements with the hospital priest for purchase of a lot with marker and burial in St. Mary's Cemetery. The priest, fearing vandals, ordered the grave restored to a natural condition without a marker. Some twenty years later, the strange odyssey and the disbursement of his bones began. Quantrill's mother arrived in the company of her son's boyhood friend. A request made to take the remains back to Ohio was refused. However, it was agreed the grave would be dug up and the contents viewed. Quantrill's friend took the skull to Mrs Quantrill who identified it based upon a chipped tooth. Under cover of darkness, the entire box was stolen. Upon return to Dover, the bones were interred in the family plot in the Dover 4th St Cemetery minus the skull and various bones the unscrupulous friend had removed and kept. Some bones ended up at the Kansas State Historical Society and the skull to the Dover museum until buried in a separate container in the family plot. The stolen parts were repatriated by the Missouri Division of the Sons of Confederate Veteran's and are buried among his comrades at the Old Confederate Veteran's Home Cemetery, Higginsville, Mo. Most monuments to William Quantrill's legacy are located in Lawrence, Kansas. With his famous order: "Kill every man and burn every house" the total destruction of the town followed and was left a smoldering ruin. Today much of its Civil War history remains. Many of the buildings constructed following the raid are still in use. Most noteworthy was the destroyed Free State Hotel which was rebuilt using the original corner stone and it became the Eldridge Hotel. After the raid the resilient citizens of Lawrence buried most of the dead in old Oak Hill Cemetery and erected a freestanding Monument.  (bio by: Donald Greyfield)

PURPORTED QUANTRELL GRAVESITES: The name on this stone in this Augusta cemetery is L. J. Crocker, but local amateur scholars have been trying to prove for decades that the bones beneath belong to feared Confederate partisan cavalry commander William Clarke Quantrell, or if you prefer, Quantrill (po-tay-to, po-tah-to).

SOURCE: http://users.aristotle.net/~russjohn/crock.html

BURIED: Confederate Cemetery
Higginsville
Lafayette County
Missouri

Fourth Street Cemetery
Dover
Tuscarawas County
Ohio, USA
Plot: Flat marker

Saint Mary's Cemetery
Louisville
Jefferson County
Kentucky, USA
Plot: Unmarked [unmarked]

Through the years, there have been many discussions, debates and even arguments on the spelling of William C. Quantrill's name. Is it Quantrill -or- Quantrell?? There are those even today that do not know the correct spelling due to old newspapers, articles, magazines, Field Orders, etc. Well, the answer is quite simple and amazing. We owe this debt of solving the mystery to ex Missouri Partisan Ranger, Mr. George Shepherd.

The legend and spelling of the name QUANTRELL came about by a 20 year old girl named Annie Fickle who lived in Lafayette County. In May of 1862, Annie's family home had been invaded by a company of Federals, and they arrested Annie when she was found to be in the company of a Partisan Ranger. Later, Annie had been rescued by the Partisans, and she never forgot this. As a token of her appreciation, Annie made a battle flag for the Partisan Rangers. The flag was made of four layers of black, quilted alpaca, and was three by five feet. Running edgewise through the middle of the flag was the name QUANTRELL in dark red letters. Annie, in the dead of night, took the flag into Quantrill's camp, wrapped in a piece of plain paper. William C. Quantrill accepted it himself, and gave a deep and heartfelt thank you to Annie. Quantrill's men then gave 3 cheers, waving their hats, and giving full approvals, honors and recognition to this 20 year old Missouri girl who had risked her life to make this gift. The men attached the flag to an eight foot pole of oak, attached with 12 nails, and were quite proud! This flag was carried into many battles, such as Lawrence, Kansas, and was riddled with many bullets. Quantrill even took it with him into Kentucky in 1864, but it has sadly not surfaced since.

Quantrill wrote often to his Mother, who lived in Canal Dover, Ohio. Many of these letters, and other signed ephemera still survive. The author of this publication has examined several of these authentic letters. And in every one of his signatures, Captain Quantrill signs his name: W. C. Quantrill

SOURCE: http://www.rulen.com/partisan/2_qs.htm

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THE BROTHERS SCHOLL

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DANIEL BOONE SCHOLL: Confederate Guerilla,  Quantrill Raiders,
Great Great Grandson of Daniel Boone the Frontiersman.

Daniel Boone Scholl was born on 17 Oct 1817 in , Clark, Kentucky. He was christened on 19 Jan 1902 in , Lincoln, Tennessee. He married Julia Ann Davis in 1838. Other marriages: Higgins, Sarah L.
Boone Scholl died in a skirmish with the 9th Kansas Calvary near Westport, Mo. 17 June 1863.
Boone Scholl is the brother of George Scholl, who also rode with Quantrill under the command of Bill Anderson.

BURIED: Smith-Davis Cemetery (Defunct)
Raytown
Jackson County
Missouri,

George T. Scholl
Confederate Guerilla, Quantrill's Raiders (Bill Anderson's Company)
Great Great Grandson of Daniel Boone the Frontiersman. Joseph Scholl married Lavinia Boone Daniel Boones Daughter. The Scholl's also fought in the Revolutionary War alongside the Boone Family of Kentucky. There was also another connection with the Boone family. George's mother, Harriet Rite Boone, was a 3rd cousin of his father, Nelson Scholl. She was a descendent of one of Daniel Boone's brothers. George was the brother of Daniel Boone Scholl, who was killed while serving under Quantrill's command. George Scholl surrendered in Lexington, Mo. 21 May 1865. He had just returned from Sherman, Texas with Dave Poole and Archie Clements group, also Bill Anderson's brother. Scholl leased and farmed the General Harney Farm in West St. Louis County after the War. He then bought and operated Sargent and Scholl's Livery Undertaking and Heavy Hauling in Valley Park, Mo. I have an original letter written to George Scholl by the Missouri Democratic Party urging him to consider running for Judge, also George was appointed the first Marshall of Fenton and served only a few years in that capacity. He died at his son's home, in June 1922.

BURIED: Forever Oak Hill Cemetery
Kirkwood
St. Louis County
Missouri



 

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SAM BASS

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Originally he was deputy sheriff of Denton County, Texas. With four friends, he robbed stagecoaches in South Dakota, the Union Pacific Railway in Nebraska, and banks in Texas. He was killed during an attempted bank robbery in Round Rock, TX.
 
Cause of death: He was mortally wounded by a Texas Ranger named George Harrell on July 19, 1878, just moments after Bass and one of his gang, Seaborn Barnes, had shot and disabled Morris Moore, a one-time Texas Ranger
BORN: Jul. 21, 1851

DIED: Jul. 21, 1878

BURIED: Round Rock Cemetery
Round Rock
Williamson County
Texas, USA
Plot: West Side, Near Fence

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THE YOUNGER BOYS

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James Younger: 

Western Outlaw. He was a member of the infamous James-Younger Gang, whch was led by Jesse James. Also a member of Quantrell's Raiders

born: Jan. 15, 1848

died: Oct. 19, 1902

buried: Lees Summit Historical Cemetery
Lees Summit
Jackson County
Missouri, USA
Plot: Stone is there, but interrment is currently unknown. Stone mistakenly placed.

Cole Younger:  Post Civil War Outlaw. Today, Cole Younger's days of outlawry evokes romance and even chivalry in American folklore. However, the romantic, loveable character portrayed is far from the truth. Cole was instead a heartless cold blooded murderer of not only peace officers and bank tellers but women and children. Cole first killed at 17, was wanted dead or alive at 18 and is credited with killing dozens including innocent bystanders. He was born near Lee's Summit as Thomas Coleman Younger, the son of a prosperous livery and dry goods business owner into a family of 14 children. His father was robbed and killed by members of the Kansas Militia. Spurred on by many injustices attributed to federal authorities, he joined William Clarke Quantrill as a member of his Confederate raiders during the Civil War, participating in many daring and bloody exploits, including the infamous Lawrence, Kansas, massacre. He was 18 at the time, selected because he owned a revolver. Younger left Quantrill's renegades and joined the regular Confederate Army attaining the rank of Captain and led his own company while serving in Louisiana and later California. At the close of the war, Cole returned home and went to work on his mother's farm. He soon became a desperado, robbing banks, trains, stagecoaches and people with Jesse Woodson James at times then a gang of his own, a family affair, with many of his brothers. Cole Younger was friends with Myra Shirley (Bell Starr) who he knew from childhood and during flights from lawmen would sometimes hide out at the Shirley family farm. Bell would turn to crime herself. A fateful attempt in 1876 to rob the Northfield, Minnesota bank, severely wounded, Younger was captured, tried and sentenced to twenty five years in state prison at Stillwater, Minnesota. There he became a hero helping to protect women convicts during a disastrous fire. He founded the "Prison Mirror," a newspaper intended to shed a ray of light upon the lives of those behind bars. Paroled and able to obtain a pardon at age 59, his first job was at the Peterson Granite Company in Stillwater making tombstones. He later teamed up with his old comrade Frank James to form a Wild West show. Finding religion, he went on the Chataqua lecture circuit speaking on the evils of crime and drink. He wrote and had published a badly embellished autobiography of his criminal past. With old age creeping ever closer, Cole purchased a house in Lee's Summit enjoying the good life while sitting on his porch reading his ever present bible and talking with neighbors, reporters and friends. Impressionable youngsters began calling him "Uncle Cole." His health steadily declined. He died peacefully in his own bed from Heart and kidney failure at the most unrealistic age of 72. His closely examined remains determined 14 bullets were still embedded in his body. After a well attended funeral at the Lee's Summit Baptist church where he attended regularly, the last member of the James-Younger Gang was buried in the town cemetery next to his brothers Jim and Bob and their mother. There's not much left of the old prison at Stillwater which was closed in 1914. During its time it held many notorious prisoners beside the Younger Brothers. The Warden's house a 1853 stone building remains and is now a museum as well as a few workhouse buildings. This is where Bernard Casey worked as a prison guard, before becoming a celebrated beatified priest, befriending Cole Younger with his counseling influencing him to lay aside his bitterness and lead a model life while incarcerated which he continued in his post prison life. Many plaques were erected marking locations of the Cole Younger gang robberies put up by proud gleeful towns in Missouri and Kansas. The house constructed by his father remains standing to this day. 8,000 acre Robbers Cave State Park located in Wilburton, OK is a popular tourist destination and contains the cave purported to be a hiding place of the James-Younger gang. (bio by: Donald Greyfield)
Born: Jan. 15, 1844

Died: Mar. 21, 1916\

Buried: Lees Summit Historical Cemetery
Lees Summit
Jackson County
Missouri, USA
Plot: Intersection of Langsford and Hwy 291

Robert Younger: Western Outlaw. He was a member of the James-Younger Gang, which was led by Jesse James.

Born: Oct. 29, 1853

Died: Sep. 16, 1889

Buried: Lees Summit Historical Cemetery
Lees Summit
Jackson County
Missouri, USA
Plot: Stone is there, but interrment is currently unknown. Stone mistakenly placed.

Bursheba Fristoe Younger

Mother of outlaws Cole, James and Robert Younger.

1816-1870

Buried: Lees Summit Historical Cemetery
Lees Summit
Jackson County
Missouri, USA

John Harrison Younger (1851%u2013 March 17,  1874Was an America outlaw

he was the brother of Cole Jim and Bob.  He was the 11th child of Henry Washington Younger and Bersheba Leighton Fristoe's 14 children and their 5th son, the third to survive into adulthood. John and his younger brother Bob were too young to join the guerrillas so they stayed at home to look after their mother and sisters.

In January, 1866  Bob and John drove their mother to Independence, Missouri to purchase winter supplies. Recognising the family from his military days a soldier came up to the car and made some comments about Cole. John told him to be quiet and the soldier slapped him around the face with a frozen fish, John got out his pistol and shot him between the eyes. After an examination of the dead body it was revealed the soldier was carrying a sling shot, so the killing was ruled as self-defence. The Youngers headed to Texas for a peaceful life until Bersheba became ill, so the boys (with the exception of Cole) took her back to Missouri to die.

As soon as they arrived they were harassed, Bob was knocked unconscious and John was hanged four times(?), this was too much for Bersheba, and she died on June 6, 1870, her 54th birthday. After Bersheba's funeral John and Bob met up with Jim and, because it was not safe to stay in one place, they often moved between Missouri and Texas. On Jan 20, 1871 he shot and killed 2 Texas Deputy Sherriffs

In 1873 Jim, John and Bob Younger joined the James-Younger gang.

On 17 March 1874 Jim and John were headed to some friends in Roscoe, Missouri. Several men came up to them and asked them for directions. Suspecting that they were detectives a shootout began, John was shot through the neck and died. Jim buried him by the roadside to avoid the law digging him up. Later he dug him up again and buried him in an unmarked grave in the cemetery.

 

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Capt. William Anderson (Bloody Bill)

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One of the best known and most feared of all Missouri Confederate guerrillas was William Anderson who, surprisingly, considered himself a Kansan. 

William and Martha Anderson, Bill's parents came to Randolph County in 1840. This is the same year Bill was born. He had an older brother Ellis, younger brother James and younger sisters Mary C., Josephine and Martha. Mrs. Anderson's parents, William and Mahala Tomason also lived with the family. Bill's father was a professional Hatter and was a Charter Member of the I.O.O.F. Lodge here in 1847. The family lived north of town on the J.D. Hammet farm and in town near the Rake factory on West Depot Street. They later moved south of town in the Hagar school area to be nearer to relatives. In 1850 Bill's father went with a group of men from the county to the California Gold Fields. During this time away, Bill and his brothers were the heads of the family and their relationship with their sisters was both brotherly and fatherly. Bill attended school in town located near the corner of east Mulberry and north Oak street and the Hagar school south of town. As Pro-Southern settlers the family moved to Agnes City, Kansas in 1857.

 is believed that Bill served in the Missouri State Guard up until the withdrawal from Lexington, at which time he returned home. In March 1862, Bill's father was murdered by Pro-Northern neighbors in some type of dispute.

Born in Randolph County, Mo., he spent his teenage years near Council Grove, Kan., where he was drawn into the Border War when his father, a Southern sympathizer, was shot to death by a prominent Unionist, some say for horse-stealing, others say for simply having pro-slavery views. Whatever the reason, Bill Anderson returned to Missouri and, desiring revenge, joined William Quantrill´s guerrillas.

Up to a few days prior to the 1863 raid on Lawrence, Kan., Anderson seemed content to follow rather than lead. Then, in an attempt to curb the growing guerrilla problem in Missouri, Union soldiers imprisoned a number of the womenfolk of known bushwhackers in a deteriorated building in Kansas City. The building collapsed on August 14, killing some of these women, including Anderson´s sister, Josephine. Another sister was maimed for life. This event, cited by many of the guerrillas as one of the primary reasons for the August 21 raid on Lawrence, intensified Anderson´s hatred and turned him into a Federal soldier´s nightmare.

Stories about Anderson´s rage are legion. It is said he carried a silk cord on which knots were tied for every Yankee he killed. Some report that he cried and even frothed at the mouth during battle. By 1864 his quarrels with Quantrill led him to form a fierce guerrilla band of his own that included 16-year-old Jesse James.

 

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Anderson, James 'Jim'

Survived War Brother of "Bloody Bill" Anderson. Reported killed 10 May 1867 in Texas by George H. Shepherd to avenge his part in the murder and robbery of Ike Flannery, Shepherd's nephew. Jesse James and Anderson killed Flannery for his inherited money. Shepherd slit Anderson's throat on the lawn of the state capital building in Austin, TX.
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WILLIAM H. GREGG

Became prominent farmer and deputy sheriff of Jackson County, Missouri. Wrote a manuscript of the war years. Served as one of  the pallbearers for both John and Cole Younger. Died 22 April 1916. One of the originals ten recruits.

William H. Gregg was born February 8, 1838, to Jacob and Nancy Lewis Gregg in Jackson  
County, Missouri. He married Elizabeth Eleanor Hook of Odessa on November 1864. They had five  children.

Gregg served under William Clarke Quantrill from December 1861 through the winter of 
1863/1864. He left Quantrill's band near Sherman, Texas, at which time he joined General Joe Shelby and was made a captain in Shanks' Brigade. After the war he returned to his farm in Jackson County,  and served as deputy sheriff during which time he wrote of his experiences with Quantrill.

Buried: Forest Hill Cemetery
Kansas City
Jackson County
Missouri

 

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CHARLEY "KI" HARRISON

KIA May 22 1863 by Osage Indians led by Big Hill Joe at the Vardigris River near Humbolt, KS. Killed along side of Harrison were W.P McClure, John Y. Yeater, John Henderson, J.B. Kimbaugh, and Edward West. Bat Masterson said of Harrison, "He was the most brilliant pistol handlers I ever saw and far more deadly shot than most of the great gunfighters
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CHARLES HIGBEE

Accompanied Quantrill and Andy Blunt to Richmond, VA. for permission to raise a unit of Partisan Rangers in Missouri which was refused along with Quantrill's request for a Colonel's commission. Was at Lawrence and left in charge of $75,000 taken in the raid. Finding himself alone during the retreat, he headed for Canada. After the war he lived in Texas where he had started a banking business. Died, 1908.
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JAMES OVERTON HINDE

According to the Confederate pension application (approved) submitted by his widow in 1930, James Overton Hinde died 14 November 1928, San Angelo TX. Service with Quantrell's men noted as Co. A, Todd's Missouri Cavalry, Shelby's Brigade, 1863-1865. Affidavits in support of Mrs. Hinde's pension (#49127 Tom Green County) were submitted by Tom W. Palmer (brother of Allen H. Palmer, on this roster) and from Thomas H. Hinde (brother of James O. Hinde), and from Frank Smith (also a member of Quantrell's rangers).
Mrs. Hinde's pension was approved 8 Jan 1931 and continued until her death 27 February 1942 (Dallas TX).
James O. Hinde was the son of Rodney M. Hinde and his wife Catherine "Kitty" Scholl of Independence, Jackson Co. MO. Hinde's service is mentioned several places, including p. 90 of McCorkle's "Three Years with Quantrell". Jim Hinde was first cousin to Quantrell's men Boone and George Scholl.
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Hulse, William

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At Lawrence, 21 Aug 1863; Fayette, 20 Sept 1864; Centralia, 27 Sept 1864. Was with Quantrill in KY and surrendered 26 July 1865 at Samuel's Depot, KY. Probably helped rob the Hayes and Wesson Bank in Richmond, MO with 12 other ex-guerrillas 22 May 1867. Died 1890 but correspondence with Mrs. Anthony Orlando, a great-great niece stated he was hung early 1865 in Kentucky .
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RICHARD F. YAGER

KIA 1 Aug 1864-Present on the Independence and Lawrence, KS raid. Wounded at Arrow Rock, MO Aug 1863. Made the famous Council Grove raid 130 miles west of the Missouri state line 4 May 1863 where with 23 others, formed up at the edge of town. To the relief of the towns people, only Yeager rode up, in desperate need of a dentist. The tooth was pulled with the agreement that the town be spared. The rebels then rode off to sack the town of Diamond Springs, then returning to Missouri, leaving a trail of death and destruction behind them. Taking to the woods near Frankfort, close to home of Ike Flannery's father, he was Killed two weeks later, 1 Aug 1864 by Federals. On Roster of 6 July 1862. Joined because the Jayhawkers took everything from his father's farm.
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The Deputy Constable Ribbon with the Quantrill Ribbon 1913 belonged to Frank James

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This is an extremely rare, and hard to find, red Quantrill reunion ribbon. The ribbon reads: "16th Reunion SURVIVORS OF THE Quantrell's Guerillas Oct. 3 and 4  1913 Independence, Mo." In seven
lines. The ribbon is 3-1/4" wide and 7-1/4" inches long and is preserved in a period frame (8x10). On this ribbon, in period dark ink are written the words: "Dept. Constable."  At the Quantrill reunions these old men would still drink, get drunk and have a hell of a wild time. So one or two of the old Guerrilla's would be charged with keeping the rest in line. They would be the "Deputy" over the other members at the reunion. This is one of those extremely rare "Deputy Constable" ribbons.  This ribbon was found in the the personal  of Frank James! Attached to the back of the period frame is the hand written statement of that fact from the most famous collector of Jesse and Frank James, and noted Guerrilla Warfare Historian in the U.S., Lee Pollock. The handwritten statement of fact reads:

     "10/20/93--The Deputy Constable Ribbon with the Quantrill Ribbon 1913 belonged to Frank James
     Personal Possessions.(signed) Lee Pollock." Close quote. Lee Pollock owned Frank James trunk! Also
     attached to the back of the frame is Mr. Pollock's famous, BLACK personal business card with name,
     address and phone number. These extremely rare Quantrill reunion ribbons almost are never seen.

Source: Picture and words Courtesy of Rick Mack

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THE JAMES GANG

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James Gang Originally formed around 1866, with its leaders being, Frank James, Jesse James, and Cole Younger.     From 1866 to 1881, the James Gang knew a fairly active life. James Gang  members averaged around twelve men, formerly members of Quantrills Guerillas

James Gang carried out stagecoach robberies with elaborate escape routes and knew the area, the lawmen and the communities.   The Missouri southern sympathizers regularly sheltered from the long arm of the law the James Gang.   It is thought because of there affiliation with Quantrills Guerillas

Wearing long prairie duster coats, the James Gang would slowly arrive to the town of choice. Drifting in by ones and twos casually looking up and down the street.    When all the scouting was done and the time was right they would ad more bank robberies to there list of accomplishments

Banks were a specialty of the James Gang but they clearly loved stagecoach robberies and train robberies as well.   Over the course of time, the James Gang was accredited with at least 10 bank robberies, 7 railroad train robberies and 4 stagecoach robberies 

The James Gang loved to travel as they roamed Missouri, Kentucky, Iowa, Arkansas, Texas, Kansas, Minnesota, Colorado, Illinois, and Alabama with their  miraculous escapades drawing experience from Quantrills Guerillas training  

It was at Northfield, Minnesota in 1876 that a robbery at the First National Bank went sour with three of the James Gang dying in an onslaught of gun fire.   The bullets came from all sides every James Gang member was being wounded

The three Younger brothers were caught after a gun battle with a western posse and  received life sentences  Wounded the James brothers escaped into Dakota territory.    From 1876 till 1879, what was left of the gang generally dispersed with Frank James and Jesse James doing some prospecting in Colorado and mainly staying undercover and out of sight living in Kentucky.  Although the James Gang emerged again in 1879, it wasn't the same as in the heyday years of 1866 to 1876.   The last known stagecoach robberies occurred around September 1881

Seven months after these stagecoach robberies Bob Ford sneak murdered Jesse James on April 3, 1882

Frank James  Alexander Franklin James

Born: January 10, 1843 in Clay County, Missouri

Died: February 15, 1915 in Kearney, Missouri

Buried: Hill Park Cemetery
Independence
Jackson County
Missouri, USA

Frank James was an Outlaw and oldest brother to Jesse James.  Frank James was a Confederate soldier during the Civil War.  Frank James was a a member of Quantrill's guerillas. Frank James enjoyed a notorious reputation for bank robberies, train robberies and stagecoach robberies from 1866 through 1881

Frank James and Jesse James ran with the Younger clan with the James gang evolving around them.  After Jesse James was murdered in 1882, Frank James surrendered to Governor Crittenden of Missouri on October 5, 1882

In July 1883, Frank James received acquittal for the murder of a passenger during a train robbery in 1881. The last thirty years of Frank James 's life saw him not as an illustrious outlaw but as a farmer, shoe salesman, race track starter, and circus man.

Jesse James

Born: September 5, 1847 in Clay County, Missouri
Died: April 3, 1882 in St. Joseph, Missouri

Buried: Mount Olivet Cemetery
Kearney
Clay County
Missouri, USA
Jesse James was a notorious outlaw who expertly provided the leadership for the James gang  for several years    Jesse James and his gang were quite proficient and successful in bank robberies, stage coach  robberies and train robberies. The most lucrative of the Jesse James Gang activities took place throughout Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Texas, Kentucky and Minnesota. Eluding the law was a talent learned Jesse James riding with Quantrill's Confederate Guerilla Raiders during the Civil War Living under the assumed names of J.D. or Thomas Howard in Nashville, Tennessee Jesse James lived quite peacefully out of sight from his enemies.

Feeling comfortable living incognito Jesse James began to let his guard down and moved to St. Joseph, Missouri.  Jesse James was murdered by a sneak named Bob Ford just for publicity.

 

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JOHN MCCORKLE

McCorkle, John

Rode with Quantrill
b. 12 Dec 1838, 2 miles east of Savannah, Andrew County, MO. Joined Quantrill 11 Aug 1862 at the battle of Independence. Because he was one of the few men who had a rifle, he was made scout and sniper. Most often, he rode with the Todd group. Was at the battles of Baxter Springs, Centralia, and Fayette among others. Also at Lawrence 21 Aug 1863. Went to Ky with Quantrill and was at the home of Mr. Thurman when Quantrill was ambushed and murdered. Surrendered with George Wigginton and another at Newcastle, Ky. After the war, he returned to his home county and worked on the farm of a relative. His memories ,  Three Years With Quantrill were dictated to a writer, who took the information as it was given. McCorkle died 14 Jan 1918, age 79, and was buried on a bluff over looking the MO River at Lisbon, MO.

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McClelland "Clell" Miller

Miller, McClelland B. "Clell"  

Rode with Anderson.

Wounded and captured 26 Oct. 1864 the same day Anderson and ten others were killed. This was his first fight and was only 14. Killed by Henry W. Wheeler at Northfield, MN bank raid in 1876. With Jesse James. Body was placed in a coffin with wound showing, put on display, and when unclaimed, apparently buried at Potter's field. Later, the body made its way back to MO, was claimed by his father and buried in the Muddy Fork Cemetery north of the James farm.

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Murray Newton "Plunk"

Murray, Newton 

Rode with Anderson.

Too young to join the Confederate Army, he later rode up with Quantrill and Anderson. Was at Centralia. His mother, upon finding Union troop camped in her back yard and in the process of butchering her milk cow, decided to fix the troops some coffee and put something in it to make them sick. After realizing what had happened they decided to hang her. A rope had been put around her neck when an officer asked: Are you the mother of Plunk Murray? Earlier he had been given a drink of water on a hot day by her son. Realizing this, he released her.

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Alexander Doniphan "Donnie" Pence

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Pence, Alex D. ňúDonnie"

Rode with Quantrill.

Survived War-

Went to KY with Quantrill. Surrendered there by Capt. Henry Porter to Capt. Young, US Army, at Samuel's Depot, Nelson County, KY, on 26 July 1865.

Became sheriff of Nelson County in 1871. Operated a 50-acre farm near Samuel's Depot. Frank James had saved Pence's life during a battle at Beulahville in Meade County during the War.

Pence died of typhoid pneumonia on 25 February 1896, and buried at Stoner's Chapel burial grounds. Frank James was there. In 1969 the Ellis Hotel in Samuel's Depot was torn down, and Donnie Pence's house was razed by its present owner, Charles S. Hayden, to make room for a larger and more modern home. Married a Samuel girl, and became a relative of the James boys.

 Born: Aug. 15, 1847
Clay County, Missouri

Died: Feb. 5, 1896
Samuels, Nelson County, Kentucky

Burial:
Stoners Chapel Cemetery
Nelson County
Kentucky

Added by bgill

George W. Shepherd

Shepherd,
George W.

Rode with Quantrill .

Survived War.  His family was originally from Virginia, moving first to Nelson County, KY, then to Jackson County, MO. Born on a farm near Independence, in Jackson County, MO, 17 January 1842. At 15, he joined the troops of General Albert Sidney Johnston for the operations against the Mormons in Utah. Joined the Confederate Army at the outbreak of the war, and fought honorably at Wilson's Creek and Pea Ridge. When General Price was ordered east of the Mississippi, George returned home and joined Quantrill. Married Martha Sanders Maddox (see Matt Sanders), a widow after the war. She was a Confederate spy. Spent time in KY penitentiary, for trying to hold up the bank at Russellville, KY on 20 March 1868. Uncle of Ike Flannery, who was killed by Jesse James after the War for his inheritance. Reported to have wounded Jesse James at Short Creek (near Joplin, MO), in a plot with Jesse to get the reward money. Killed James Anderson, brother of Bloody Bill Anderson by cutting his throat on the lawn of the state capitol in Austin, Texas.

Added by bgill

Larkin M. Skaggs

Skaggs, Larkin M.

Rode with Quantrill

KIA 21 Aug 1863-Was completely drunk during the Lawrence massacre. Upon entering Lawrence, he lowered the Union flag, tied it to the tail of his horse, and dragged it through the town as he fought from street to street. Staying behind, he was shot by an arrow from an Indian named White Turkey, his body torn apart by enraged townspeople. Only guerrilla to die in town.

 

Added by bgill

Charles Fletch Taylor

Taylor, Charles Fletch

Rode with Quantrill

One of Quantrill's original recruits. At Baxter Springs, Centralia, Independence, Richfield and Lawrence. Was probably a spy in Lawrence before the pay back. . Helped kidnap Kate Clarke. Took control of part of Quantrill's men after a rebellion caused Quantrill to his command. Became a wealthy citizen of Joplin, MO. Elected to the Missouri State Legislature after the war. d. Aug 1916 or 1917

Added by bgill

George M. Todd

Todd, George M.

Rode with Quantrill.

KIA, 1864. Was a bridge mason before the war and with the MSG before joining Quantrill Jan 1862. Killed at Independence, MO, 21 October 1864, just east of the Little Blue River by a Union sharpshooter. The guerrillas pushed Generals Blunt, Jennison, and Moonlight 2 ½ miles northeast of Independence, where a sniper shot him. He was carried by is men to the house of a Mrs. Burns, where he died about an hour later. His men buried him that night in the Independence Cemetery. David Poole then took command of his unit. Indicted 18 Nov 1863 for the murder of George Burt at Lawrence, 21 Aug 1863

Added by bgill

James A. Vaughn

Vaughn, James A.

Vaughn, James A.

Rode with Quantrill. One of Quantrill's first recruits, 12/25/1861. Formed with nine other men at the farm of Mrs. Samual Crump between Independence and Blue Springs. Said to have been the beginning of Quantrill’s band as an entity with a separate and distinct leader. Captured in a Kansas City barbers shop and hung 29 May 1863 at Ft. Leavenworth.

Added by bgill

Andrew Y. Walker

Walker, Andrew Y.

Rode with Quantrill Survived War. Saved Quantrill's life on two occasions. Leaving Price's Army Quantrill informed Andrew of a plan to raid the home of Andrew's father, Morgan. Informed neighbors, probably because of his attraction to Walker's sister, Nannie (Anna) and with eleven others defeated the marauders. She became Quantrill's mistress. In this action, the first Union soldier killed in Jackson County during the Civil War was killed by Quantrill. She was later won over by Joe Vaughan. This was the first mention of Quantrill's named in Jackson county, Mo

Added by bgill

Walter Williams

Williams, Walter

Rode with Quantrill

LAST LIVING CONFEDERATE VETEREN IN THE UNITED STATES. DIED 19 DEC 1959 IN HOUSTON, TX AT THE AGE OF 117. RECRUITED IN SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS AND TRANSFERRED TO QUANTRILL'S BRIGADE FIVE MONTHS LATER ACCORDING TO HIS PENSION RECORD

Added by bgill

John Noland

Before William Clarke Quantrill and hundreds of his Missouri guerrillas raided Lawrence in 1863, John Noland rode ahead to scout out the town.

    Noland, Quantrill's primary scout, is just one of many blacks who served in Confederate units during the Civil War, said historian Ed Kennedy, who will speak at 6:30 p.m. today to the Civil War Roundtable of Eastern Kansas at the Koch Education Center at the Kansas History Center, 6425 S.W. 6th. Admission is free and the event is open to the public.

    Noland joined Quantrill because his family in Missouri had been abused by Jayhawkers, Kansas guerrillas who raided Missouri and later were mustered into the Union forces, Kennedy said. Photographs of Quantrill's raiders as they attended reunions after the Civil War show Noland sitting prominently with white members of the group.

    In the 1999 movie "Ride With the Devil," Noland is the basis for the character Daniel Holt, the freed black who along with his former owner rides with Quantrill's bushwhackers, Kennedy said.

 

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